Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

Epidemiol Health : Epidemiology and Health

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Search

Page Path
HOME > Search
17 "Health behavior"
Filter
Filter
Article category
Keywords
Publication year
Authors
Funded articles
Systematic Review
Effectiveness of community-based interventions for older adults living alone: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Inhye Kim, Hyunseo An, Sohyeon Yun, Hae Yean Park
Epidemiol Health. 2024;46:e2024013.   Published online January 3, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2024013
  • 2,762 View
  • 150 Download
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
This study examined the effectiveness of community-based interventions designed for older adults living alone through a systematic review and meta-analysis.
METHODS
The study incorporated 4 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and 5 non-RCTs to evaluate various interventions. The methodological quality of these studies was assessed using the Downs and Black checklist, while Q-statistic and I-square tests were performed to examine statistical heterogeneity. Additionally, visual inspection of funnel plots and the trim-and-fill method were employed to investigate potential publication bias. Of the 2,729 identified studies, 9 met the criteria for inclusion in this review. Independent variables were categorized into 5 groups (physical activity, nutrition, social relationships, social participation, and combined intervention) to examine their effects. Dependent variables were similarly classified into 5 subgroups to identify the specific effects of the interventions.
RESULTS
Interventions focusing on nutrition and combined approaches were the most effective, yielding effect sizes of 0.96 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.66 to 1.25) and 0.43 (95% CI, 0.26 to 0.60), respectively. The interventions had the greatest impacts on the health behavior and mental health of the participants, with effect sizes of 0.98 (95% CI, 0.73 to 1.22) for health behavior and 0.67 (95% CI, 0.19 to 1.16) for mental health.
CONCLUSIONS
This study suggests a direction for the development of community-based interventions tailored to the needs of older adults living alone. Additionally, it provides evidence to inform policy decisions concerning this demographic.
Summary
Korean summary
본 연구는 독거 노인들 대상으로 한 지역사회 기반 중재의 효과에 대하여 탐색하고 그 효과 크기를 확인하기 위하여 체계적고찰 및 메타분석을 실시하였다. 영양 및 복합 중재가 특히 효과적이었으며, 이는 건강 행동과 정신건강에 있어 중요한 긍정적 효과를 나타내어 추후 개별적 맞춤 중재의 잠재적 효과성을 나타낸다. 이러한 발견은 독거노인 집단의 웰빙 향상을 위한 프로그램과 정책 입안에 근거로 활용될 수 있다.
Key Message
This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated the impact of community-based interventions for older adults living alone, incorporating 9 studies to assess effectiveness in areas like nutrition and combined strategies. Results indicated significant benefits, particularly in health behavior and mental health, demonstrating the potential of tailored interventions. These findings support the development of targeted programs and policy decisions aimed at improving the well-being of this demographic.
Original Article
Risk factors for early-onset lung cancer in Korea: analysis of a nationally representative population-based cohort
Jihun Kang, Taeyun Kim, Kyung-Do Han, Jin-Hyung Jung, Su-Min Jeong, Yo Hwan Yeo, Kyuwon Jung, Hyun Lee, Jong Ho Cho, Dong Wook Shin
Epidemiol Health. 2023;45:e2023101.   Published online November 21, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2023101
  • 2,577 View
  • 149 Download
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
We examined the associations of socioeconomic factors, health behaviors, and comorbidities with early-onset lung cancer.
METHODS
The study included 6,794,287 individuals aged 20-39 years who participated in a Korean national health check-up program from 2009 to 2012. During the follow-up period, 4,684 participants developed lung cancer. Multivariable Cox regression analysis was used to estimate the independent associations of potential risk factors with incident lung cancer.
RESULTS
Older age (multivariable hazard ratio [mHR], 1.13; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.12 to 1.14) and female sex (mHR, 1.62; 95% CI, 1.49 to 1.75) were associated with increased lung cancer risk. Current smoking was also associated with elevated risk (<10 pack-years: mHR, 1.12; 95% CI, 1.01 to 1.24; ≥10 pack-years: mHR, 1.30; 95% CI, 1.18 to 1.45), but past smoking was not. Although mild alcohol consumption (<10 g/day) was associated with lower lung cancer risk (mHR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.86 to 0.99), heavier alcohol consumption (≥10 g/day) was not. Higher income (highest vs. lowest quartile: mHR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.78 to 0.94), physical activity for at least 1,500 metabolic equivalent of task-min/wk (vs. non-exercisers: mHR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.69 to 0.99) and obesity (vs. normal weight: mHR, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.83 to 0.96) were associated with lower lung cancer risk, whereas metabolic syndrome was associated with increased risk (mHR, 1.13; 95% CI, 1.03 to 1.24).
CONCLUSIONS
In young adults, age, female sex, smoking, and metabolic syndrome were risk factors for early-onset lung cancer, while high income, physical activity, and obesity displayed protective effects.
Summary
Korean summary
나이, 여성, 흡연, 그리고 대사 증후군은 조기 발생 폐암의 위험도 증가와 연관이 있었다. 반면에 높은 소득, 신체 활동, 비만은 젊은 성인에서 폐암 발생의 위험도 감소와 연관성을 나타내었다.
Key Message
Age, female sex, smoking, and metabolic syndrome were risk factors for early-onset lung cancer. While, high income, physical activity, and obesity displayed protective effects on the development of lung cancer in young adults.
COVID-19: Special Article
Changes in health behaviors and obesity of Korean adolescents before and during the COVID-19 pandemic: a special report using the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Survey
Chang-Mo Oh, Yangha Kim, Jieun Yang, Sunhye Choi, Kyungwon Oh
Epidemiol Health. 2023;45:e2023018.   Published online February 14, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2023018
  • 7,329 View
  • 336 Download
  • 2 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
This study aimed to investigate changes in health behaviors, including cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking, physical activity, dietary behaviors, and obesity, before and during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic using the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Survey (KYRBS) database.
METHODS
KYRBS data from 2015 to 2021 were used in this study. Differences in health behaviors between before (pre-pandemic period: 2018-2019) and during (pandemic period: 2020-2021) the pandemic were examined. Differences were compared using linear regression and the chi-square test considering the complex survey design after adjusting for grade level.
RESULTS
The prevalence of current cigarette smoking and current alcohol drinking significantly decreased in both male and female students during the pandemic compared to the pre-pandemic period. However, the prevalence of obesity significantly increased in both male and female students during the same period. When examining physical activity and dietary behaviors closely related to obesity, fast food consumption increased and fruit consumption decreased during the pandemic in both male and female students, whereas no significant changes in physical activity were observed in either male or female students.
CONCLUSIONS
The deterioration of adolescent dietary behaviors and an increase in the prevalence of obesity can increase the future disease burden, and concerted efforts at the individual and national levels are needed to reduce obesity and promote healthy dietary behaviors.
Summary
Korean summary
이 연구는 한국 청소년건강행태조사자료(KYRBS)를 사용하여 코로나19 유행 전후의 우리나라 청소년들의 흡연, 음주, 신체활동, 식습관, 비만 등의 건강행태의 변화에 대하여 살펴보고자 하였다. 이 연구에서는 2015년부터 2021년까지의 청소년건강행태조사자료를 사용하여, 코로나19 유행 이전 (2018-2019년)과 코로나 유행 이후 (2020-2021년) 기간의 건강행태의 변화에 대하여 조사하였다. 학년레벨을 보정한 후, 복합표본설계를 고려하여 로지스틱 회귀분석과 카이제곱검정을 이용하여 코로나19 유행 이전 (2018-2019년)과 비교하여, 코로나 유행 이후 (2020-2021년) 기간의 건강행태의 변화가 있었는지에 대하여 확인하였다. 그 결과, 코로나19 유행 이전 (2018-2019년)과 비교하여, 코로나19 유행 기간(2020-2021년) 동안에 현재흡연율과 현재음주율이 유의하게 감소하였다. 그러나 동일한 기간 동안에 남학생과 여학생 모두에서 비만율이 유의하게 증가하였는데, 비만율과 관련된 신체활동 및 식습관에 대하여 살펴보았을 때, 신체활동에서는 유의한 변화가 없었던 반면, 남학생과 여학생 모두에서 패스트푸드 섭취는 증가하고 과일섭취가 감소한 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 코로나19 유행기간 동안 흡연율 및 음주율 등의 청소년 건강에 유익한 변화도 있었으나, 비만율도 같이 증가한 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 청소년기의 식습관의 악화 및 비만율의 증가는 미래 우리나라의 질병부담을 증가시킬 수 있기 때문에, 청소년의 비만율을 낮추고 건강한 식습관을 증진시키기 위한 개인 및 사회 차원의 노력이 필요하다.
Key Message
-The current cigarette smoking and current alcohol drinking rates significantly decreased among Korean adolescents during the pandemic period compared to the pre-pandemic period. -On the other hand, the obesity rate increased significantly especially among Korean male adolescents, which is accompanied by changes in dietary habits such as an increase in fast food intake and a decrease in fruit intake.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Changes in Adolescent Health Behavior and the Exacerbation of Economic Hardship During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-sectional Study From the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Survey
    Chaeeun Kim, Haeun Lee, Kyunghee Jung-Choi, Hyesook Park
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2024; 57(1): 18.     CrossRef
  • A Comparison of Changes in Health Behavior, Obesity, and Mental Health of Korean Adolescents Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Online Cross-Sectional Study
    Mi-Sun Lee, Hooyeon Lee
    Psychiatry Investigation.2023; 20(11): 1086.     CrossRef
COVID-19: Original Article
The association between tobacco or nicotine product use behaviors and non-compliance with mask-wearing during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study in Korea
Da-eun Lee, Heewon Kang, Sung-il Cho
Epidemiol Health. 2022;44:e2022087.   Published online October 7, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2022087
  • 4,525 View
  • 259 Download
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
It is necessary to investigate tobacco or nicotine product (TNP) use which acts as a risk factor for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. Especially, wearing a mask is difficult to practice while using TNP. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the association between TNP use behaviors and non-compliance with mask-wearing during the COVID-19 pandemic.
METHODS
The samples of 208,618 Korean adults from 2020 Community Health Survey in Korea were used. As an independent variable, TNP use behaviors such as TNP use status, changes in TNP use after the COVID-19 outbreak, TNP types, and attempt to quit were analyzed. Logistic regression was performed on gender-stratified participants.
RESULTS
Among men, the odds ratio (OR) of current and former TNP users were 2.00 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.66 to 2.40) and 1.32 (95% CI, 1.09 to 1.60), respectively, compared to never users. In women, OR was 1.50 (95% CI, 1.00 to 2.26) for former users. Cigarette use was more associated with not wearing a mask than non-cigarette tobacco or nicotine product (NCTNP) use (OR, 1.53; 95% CI, 1.12 to 2.08). Men whose TNP use decreased had lower non-compliance (OR, 0.52; 95% CI, 0.36 to 0.74); while women whose TNP use increased had lower non-compliance (OR, 0.13; 95% CI, 0.07 to 0.26).
CONCLUSIONS
Current and former users were less likely to wear masks. Cigarette use was more associated with not wearing a mask than NCTNP use. Changes in TNP use showed association for men and women; however, in the opposite direction. Therefore, more attention should be paid to TNP use prevention and cessation support during the epidemic of respiratory infectious diseases. Moreover, it is necessary to identify risk factors of cigarette users in compliance with mask-wearing.
Summary
Korean summary
담배 또는 니코틴 제품 (Tobacco or Nicotine Products, TNPs) 현재사용자와 과거사용자는 비사용자 대비 마스크 미착용 연관성이 높고, 비궐련 담배 또는 니코틴 제품 (Non-Cigarette Tobacco or Nicotine Products, NCTNPs) 사용자보다는 일반담배 사용자의 마스크 미착용 연관성이 높다. 남성에서는 코로나19 유행 이전 대비 TNPs 사용이 감소했을 때, 여성에서는 증가했을 때 마스크 미착용 연관성이 낮았다. 따라서 호흡기 감염병 유행 시기에는 더욱 TNPs 사용 예방과 금연 지원에 관심을 가질 것을 제안한다.
Key Message
During the epidemic of respiratory infectious diseases, more attention should be paid to tobacco or nicotine products (TNPs) use prevention and cessation support.
COVID-19: Original Article
Socioeconomic inequality in compliance with precautions and health behavior changes during the COVID-19 outbreak: an analysis of the Korean Community Health Survey 2020
Ga Bin Lee, Sun Jae Jung, Yang Yiyi, Jea Won Yang, Hoang Manh Thang, Hyeon Chang Kim
Epidemiol Health. 2022;44:e2022013.   Published online January 9, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2022013
  • 13,649 View
  • 636 Download
  • 10 Web of Science
  • 11 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
This study examined socioeconomic inequalities in compliance with precautions and health behavior changes during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak using a representative Korean sample.
METHODS
This exploratory study utilized around 210,000 participants aged ≥25 years in the Korean Community Health Survey 2020. Socioeconomic status was measured with educational attainment and household income. Outcomes included non-compliance with 8 precaution measures and deterioration in 6 health behaviors. The relative inequality index (RII) was calculated to quantify the degree of inequality by education and income level. RII values >1.0 indicate that deprived people have a higher frequency of health problems, and RII values <1.0 conversely indicate a higher frequency of health problems in more advantaged groups.
RESULTS
People with lower education or income levels tended to have higher rates of non-compliance with COVID-19 safety precautions (RII range, 1.20 to 3.05). Lower education and income levels were associated with an increased smoking amount (RII=2.10 and 1.67, respectively) and sleep duration changes (RII=1.21 and 1.36, respectively). On the contrary, higher education and income levels were associated with decreased physical activity (RII=0.59 and 0.77, respectively) and increased delivery food consumption (RII=0.27 and 0.37, respectively). However, increased alcohol drinking was associated with lower education and income levels in younger men (RII=1.73 and 1.31, respectively), but with higher levels in younger women (RII=0.73 and 0.68, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS
Our findings suggest the need to develop customized strategies, considering the characteristics of the target population, to decrease the burden and impact of the COVID-19 outbreak.
Summary
Korean summary
코로나19 유행기간 동안 예방지침 준수율과 건강관련 생활습관이 나빠지는 정도는 사회경제적 수준에 따라 차이가 있다. 전반적으로 코로나19 예방지침 준수율은 높았지만, 사회경제수준이 낮을수록 예방지침 준수율도 낮아지는 경향을 보였다. 하지만, 사회경제수준과 생활습관 악화의 관계는 성, 연령, 생활습관의 종류에 따라 달랐다.
Key Message
This study of a representative Korean sample found that socioeconomic inequalities existed in compliance with COVID-19 precautions and in health behavior deterioration. There is a need to develop target group-specific strategies to reduce health inequalities and the long-term health burden of the COVID-19 outbreak.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Gap in protective behaviors between Han and minority ethnicities during COVID-19 pandemic in rural western China: A decomposition analysis
    Ruixue Ye, Yuju Wu, Chang Sun, Qingzhi Wang, Yue Ma, Yunwei Chen, Lucy Pappas, Cindy Feng, Scott Rozelle, Huan Zhou
    Preventive Medicine Reports.2024; 39: 102617.     CrossRef
  • Aftermath on COVID-19 technological and socioeconomic changes: A meta-analytic review
    Xuan Yao, Zeshui Xu, Marinko Škare, Xindi Wang
    Technological Forecasting and Social Change.2024; 202: 123322.     CrossRef
  • Association of Depression With Precautionary Behavior Compliance, COVID-19 Fear, and Health Behaviors in South Korea: National Cross-sectional Study
    Hyerine Shin, Ji-Su Kim, HyunHae Lee
    JMIR Public Health and Surveillance.2023; 9: e42677.     CrossRef
  • Trends in socioeconomic inequalities in obesity among Korean adolescents: the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBS) 2006 to 2020
    Eunji Kim, Ga Bin Lee, Dong Keon Yon, Hyeon Chang Kim
    Epidemiology and Health.2023; 45: e2023033.     CrossRef
  • Communication inequalities in the COVID-19 pandemic: socioeconomic differences and preventive behaviors in the United States and South Korea
    Woohyun Yoo, Yangsun Hong, Sang-Hwa Oh
    BMC Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Compliance Trajectory and Patterns of COVID-19 Preventive Measures, Japan, 2020–2022
    Taro Kusama, Kenji Takeuchi, Yudai Tamada, Sakura Kiuchi, Ken Osaka, Takahiro Tabuchi
    Emerging Infectious Diseases.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • COVID-19 in Baghdad, Iraq: adaptive and emotional findings in a household cluster survey
    Riyadh Lafta, Sahar Al-Shatari, Meighan Mary, Gilbert Burnham
    Frontiers in Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Predicting Support for COVID-19 Policies with Partisan Media Use and Negative Emotion: Evidence from the U.S. and South Korea
    Dam Hee Kim, Tae Hyun Lim, Yu Jeong Hwang, Seongcheol Kim
    Journal of Health Communication.2023; 28(sup2): 32.     CrossRef
  • Factors associating to the increased smoking time among South Korean male workers during COVID-19 pandemic
    Mi Young Kwon, Myong Sun Cho
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2022; 39(2): 53.     CrossRef
  • Trust and compliance: Milieu-specific differences in social cohesion during the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany
    Tim Schröder, Anne Speer, Patrick Sachweh, Olaf Groh-Samberg
    Frontiers in Sociology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effect of socioeconomic disparities on the risk of COVID-19 in 8 metropolitan cities in the Korea: a community-based study
    Myung-Jae Hwang, Shin Young Park, Tae-Ho Yoon, Jinhwa Jang, Seon-Young Lee, Myeongsu Yoo, Yoo-Yeon Kim, Hae-Kwan Cheong, Donghyok Kwon, Jong-Hun Kim
    Epidemiology and Health.2022; 44: e2022107.     CrossRef
Original Article
Trends in health behaviors over 20 years: findings from the 1998-2018 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Soyeon Kim, Sunhye Choi, Jihee Kim, Suyeon Park, Young-Taek Kim, Ok Park, Kyungwon Oh
Epidemiol Health. 2021;43:e2021026.   Published online April 19, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2021026
  • 12,686 View
  • 356 Download
  • 23 Web of Science
  • 19 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
This study aimed to examine the trends in health behaviors in Korean population using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES).
METHODS
The subjects were 96,408 adults aged 19 years or older who participated in the first (1998) through seventh (2016-2018) KNHANES health interview. The prevalence of health behaviors (cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking, and physical activity) and annual percent change (APC) were estimated using SAS and the Joinpoint program.
RESULTS
The prevalence of current cigarette smoking in men decreased by 2.8%p (APC= -2.8, p< 0.001) annually over the 20-year period, and the prevalence of exposure to secondhand smoke at home substantially decreased compared to 2005 (APC= -8.8, p< 0.001). Compared to 2005, the prevalence of current alcohol drinking in women, but not men, increased (APC= 2.0, p< 0.001), and the prevalence of binge drinking decreased in men (APC= -0.7, p< 0.001) and increased in women (APC= 2.4, p< 0.001). The prevalence of aerobic physical activity decreased from 2014 in both gendersd (p< 0.001). The prevalence of healthy behaviors practice (non-smoking, alcohol abstinence, and aerobic physical activity) was down-trending (APC= -5.3, p< 0.001), especially among women (APC= -6.4, p< 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS
Over the past 20 years, smoking behaviors improved. However, drinking behavior was unchanged and physical activity indicators markedly decreased. More active programs are necessary for improving health behaviors, which are major risk factors linked to chronic diseases.
Summary
Korean summary
국민건강영양조사(1998-2018) 자료를 활용하여 지난 20년간 성인의 건강행태를 분석한 결과 흡연율과 간접흡연 노출률은 지속적으로 감소하였고, 신체활동 실천율 또한 감소하였다. 월간음주율과 폭음률의 경우 남자는 큰 변화가 없었던 반면 여자는 모두 증가하였다.
Key Message
This study aimed to examine the trends in health behaviors in Korean population using data from the 1998-2018 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Over the past 20 years, the prevalence of cigarette smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke in Korean adults consistently decreased, as well as the prevalence of physical activity. There was no considerable change in men, whereas in women, the prevalence of alcohol drinking and binge drinking both increased.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Variability in the association of smoking status with the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the Korean population according to different definitions of smoking status: analysis based on the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2014-202
    Yechan Kyung, Young Sook Park, Mi Hyeon Jin, Hae Jeong Lee
    International Journal of Environmental Health Research.2024; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Relationship between Handgrip Strength and Incident Diabetes in Korean Adults According to Gender: A Population-Based Prospective Cohort Study
    Sung-Bum Lee, Min-Kyeung Jo, Ji-Eun Moon, Hui-Jeong Lee, Jong-Koo Kim
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2024; 13(2): 627.     CrossRef
  • Influencing factors of health screening among retirees: an extended TPB approach
    Jiayi Xu, Younghwan Pan, Qiongzhen Li
    Frontiers in Public Health.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Chronic Disease Patterns and Their Relationship With Health-Related Quality of Life in South Korean Older Adults With the 2021 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey: Latent Class Analysis
    Mi-Sun Lee, Hooyeon Lee
    JMIR Public Health and Surveillance.2024; 10: e49433.     CrossRef
  • Adherence to Cancer Prevention Guidelines and Cancer Incidence and Mortality: A Population-Based Cohort Study
    Jin-Kyoung Oh, Minji Han, Byungmi Kim, Eun Young Park
    Cancer Research and Treatment.2023; 55(1): 15.     CrossRef
  • Ocular motility disorders following coronavirus disease-19 vaccination
    Kyung-Ah Park, Hyeshin Jeon, Dong Gyu Choi, Jae Ho Jung, Hyun-Jin Shin, Byung Joo Lee, Yeji Moon, Se-Youp Lee, Dong Cheol Lee, Soon Young Cho, Seong-Joon Kim, Sei Yeul Oh, Sunghyuk Moon, Shin Yeop Oh, Daye Diana Choi, Mi Young Choi, Won Jae Kim, Ungsoo Sa
    Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology.2023; 261(4): 1127.     CrossRef
  • Alcoholic liver disease in relation to cancer incidence and mortality: Findings from a large, matched cohort study in South Korea
    Thi Phuong Thao Tran, Minji Han, Ngoc Minh Luu, Jin‐Kyoung Oh
    Cancer Medicine.2023; 12(7): 8754.     CrossRef
  • Associations of dual use of tobacco cigarettes and e‐cigarettes, sleep duration, physical activity and depressive symptoms among middle‐aged and older Korean adults
    Mi‐Ae You, JiYeon Choi, Youn‐Jung Son
    Nursing Open.2023; 10(6): 4071.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence, Trend, and Risk Factors for Early Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: An Analysis of the Nationwide Population-Based Survey from 2010 to 2019 in South Korea
    Taeyun Kim, Hyunji Choi, Ju-il Seo, Seung-Jin Kim, Ji-Eun Choi, Minsu Yun, Jihun Kang
    COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.2023; 20(1): 153.     CrossRef
  • Trends in the Quality of Primary Care and Acute Care in Korea From 2008 to 2020: A Cross-sectional Study
    Yeong Geun Gwon, Seung Jin Han, Kyoung Hoon Kim
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2023; 56(3): 248.     CrossRef
  • Association of handgrip strength with new-onset CKD in Korean adults according to gender
    Sung-Bum Lee, Miryung Kim, Hui-Jeong Lee, Jong-Koo Kim
    Frontiers in Medicine.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Elevated Uric Acid Levels with Early Chronic Kidney Disease as an Indicator of New-Onset Ischemic Heart Disease: A Cohort of Koreans without Diabetes
    Sung-Bum Lee, Hui-Jeong Lee, Ha Eun Ryu, Byoungjin Park, Dong-Hyuk Jung
    Biomedicines.2023; 11(8): 2212.     CrossRef
  • Clinical and life style factors related to the nighttime blood pressure, nighttime dipping and their phenotypes in Korean hypertensive patients
    Byung Sik Kim, Ju Han Kim, Wan Kim, Woo Shik Kim, Sungha Park, Sang Jae Lee, Jang Young Kim, Eun Mi Lee, Sang Hyun Ihm, Wook Bum Pyun, Jeong-Hun Shin, Jinho Shin
    Clinical Hypertension.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Combinations of lifestyle behaviors and cancer risk among Korean adults
    Ngoc Minh Luu, Thi Tra Bui, Thi Phuong Thao Tran, Thi Huyen Trang Nguyen, Jin-Kyoung Oh
    Scientific Reports.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Risk for Esophageal Cancer Based on Lifestyle Factors–Smoking, Alcohol Consumption, and Body Mass Index: Insight from a South Korean Population Study in a Low-Incidence Area
    Mi Jung Kwon, Ho Suk Kang, Hyo Geun Choi, Joo-Hee Kim, Ji Hee Kim, Woo Jin Bang, Sung Kwang Hong, Nan Young Kim, Sangkyoon Hong, Hong Kyu Lee
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2023; 12(22): 7086.     CrossRef
  • Association of Muscle Strength with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Korean Adults
    Sung-Bum Lee, Yu-Jin Kwon, Dong-Hyuk Jung, Jong-Koo Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(3): 1675.     CrossRef
  • Association of Handgrip Strength with Diabetes Mellitus in Korean Adults According to Sex
    Sung-Bum Lee, Ji-Eun Moon, Jong-Koo Kim
    Diagnostics.2022; 12(8): 1874.     CrossRef
  • Smoking trajectory and cancer risk: A population-based cohort study
    Minh Luu, Minji Han, Tra Bui, Phuong Thao Tran, Min-Kyung Lim, Jin Oh
    Tobacco Induced Diseases.2022; 20(August): 1.     CrossRef
  • Awareness of and practice toward cancer prevention recommendations: results of the Korean National Cancer Prevention Awareness and Practice Survey in 2021
    Jin-Kyoung Oh, Eunjung Park, Byungmi Kim, Yoon-Jung Choi, E Hwa Yun, Min Kyung Lim, Jeong-Soo Im, Eun Young Park
    Epidemiology and Health.2022; 44: e2022068.     CrossRef
Methods
Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 20th anniversary: accomplishments and future directions
Kyungwon Oh, Yoonjung Kim, Sanghui Kweon, Soyeon Kim, Sungha Yun, Suyeon Park, Yeon-Kyeng Lee, Youngtaek Kim, Ok Park, Eun Kyeong Jeong
Epidemiol Health. 2021;43:e2021025.   Published online April 19, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2021025
  • 21,778 View
  • 581 Download
  • 76 Web of Science
  • 86 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Abstract
The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) was initiated in 1998 to provide evidence for the development and evaluation of health policies and programs. The Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency is responsible for the KNHANES and has conducted it as a series of surveys. Over the past 20 years, efforts to produce accurate, timely, and nationwide health statistics have been refined by establishing a continuous annual survey system with full-time field staff, incrementally expanding survey components, collaborating with relevant academic societies for quality control, and revising the survey methods. Additionally, the utility of the collected data was increased by linking the KNHANES data with related data from other government agencies or institutions and making the overall data publicly available on the official website of KNHANES (https://knhanes.kdca.go.kr). Additional long-term plans are being developed, including plans to continue producing nationwide health indicators and invigorating the utilization of the KNHANES data.
Summary
Korean summary
국민건강영양조사는 국민건강증진법제16조에 근거하여 1998년부터 우리 국민의 건강수준, 건강행태, 식품 및 영양소 섭취 실태에 대한 국가단위 통계를 산출하는 조사사업이다. 본 연구에서는 건강지표 생산 확대, 조사 자료 활용도 향상 등 20년간의 성과를 요약하고 사회환경과 조사여건 변화를 반영한 건강통계 생산의 발전 방안을 제시하였다.
Key Message
The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) is an ongoing surveillance system that was initiated in 1998 based on Ar¬ticle 16 of the National Health Promotion Act to produce nationwide statistics regarding the health status, health behaviors, and food and nutrient consumption of the Korean population. In this study, the 20-year accomplishments of the KNHANES including vigorous production of health indicators and improvement of data utilization are summarized, and future plans are presented to improve the health statistics to reflect changes in the social and survey environments.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Muscle mass and chronic dizziness: a cross-sectional study of a Korean population
    Eun Ji Kim, Hye Seon Jeong, Eunjin Kwon, Seong-Hae Jeong, Ji-Soo Kim
    Journal of Neurology.2024; 271(3): 1213.     CrossRef
  • Association between nut consumption and low muscle strength among Korean adults
    Shinyoung Jun, Sunhye Shin
    British Journal of Nutrition.2024; 131(5): 894.     CrossRef
  • Impact of Academia-Government Collaboration on Laboratory Medicine Standardization in South Korea: analysis of eight years creatinine proficiency testing experience
    Seunghoo Lee, Joonsang Yu, Chan-Ik Cho, Eun-Jung Cho, Tae-Dong Jeong, Sollip Kim, Woochang Lee, Sail Chun, Won-Ki Min
    Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (CCLM).2024; 62(5): 861.     CrossRef
  • Association between normal-weight obesity and bone mineral density in older Korean adults: A population-based cross-sectional study
    Jeonghyeon Kim, Seamon Kang, Hyunsik Kang
    Maturitas.2024; 180: 107891.     CrossRef
  • Association between long working hours and engagement in preventive healthcare services in Korean workers: Findings from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Seong-Uk Baek, Yu-Min Lee, Jin-Ha Yoon
    Preventive Medicine.2024; 180: 107849.     CrossRef
  • Association between long working hours and diet quality and patterns: A latent profile analysis of a nationally representative sample of Korean workers
    Seong-Uk Baek, Jong-Uk Won, Yu-Min Lee, Jin-Ha Yoon
    Preventive Medicine.2024; 180: 107890.     CrossRef
  • Temporal and bidirectional association of depression and physical illnesses: Analyzing the pooled data from independently conducted cross-sectional national surveys at three distinct time points
    Saeheon Jang
    Journal of Psychosomatic Research.2024; 179: 111614.     CrossRef
  • Correlation of handgrip strength with quality of life-adjusted pulmonary function in adults
    Hae In Jung, Kang-Mo Gu, So Young Park, Moon Seong Baek, Won Young Kim, Jae-Chol Choi, Jong-Wook Shin, Jae-Yeol Kim, Young D. Chang, Jae-Woo Jung, Hidetaka Hamasaki
    PLOS ONE.2024; 19(3): e0300295.     CrossRef
  • Association between weekend catch-up sleep and the risk of prediabetes and diabetes: A cross-sectional study using KNHANES
    Young-Chan Kim, Yoo Jin Um, Sung Hoon Yoon, Tae-Won Kim, Ho Jun Seo, Jong-Hyun Jeong, Seung-Chul Hong, Yoo Hyun Um
    Journal of Psychosomatic Research.2024; 179: 111618.     CrossRef
  • Increasing trend in hypertension prevalence among Korean adolescents from 2007 to 2020
    Peong Gang Park, Eujin Park, Hee Gyung Kang
    BMC Public Health.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and parental mental health: Data from the 2011–2020 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Woolim Ko, Hyunsuk Jeong
    Journal of Affective Disorders.2024; 350: 544.     CrossRef
  • Korea Hypertension Fact Sheet 2023: analysis of nationwide population-based data with a particular focus on hypertension in special populations
    Hyeon Chang Kim, Hokyou Lee, Hyeok-Hee Lee, Dasom Son, Minsung Cho, Sojung Shin, Yeeun Seo, Eun-Jin kim, Song Vogue Ahn, Sun Ha Jee, Sungha Park, Hae-Young Lee, Min Ho Shin, Sang-Hyun Ihm, Seung Won Lee, Jong Ku Park, Il Suh, Tae-Yong Lee
    Clinical Hypertension.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Investigating the Influence of Heavy Metals and Environmental Factors on Metabolic Syndrome Risk Based on Nutrient Intake: Machine Learning Analysis of Data from the Eighth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)
    Seungpil Jeong, Yean-Jung Choi
    Nutrients.2024; 16(5): 724.     CrossRef
  • Parent–Offspring Associations of Ideal Cardiovascular Health Metrics: Findings From the 2014 to 2021 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Manh Thang Hoang, Sun Jae Jung, Hokyou Lee, Hyeon Chang Kim
    Journal of the American Heart Association.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Phenomenon, Influence and Coping Strategies of Overweight and Obesity in the Elderly
    应勇 熊
    Advances in Social Sciences.2024; 13(03): 102.     CrossRef
  • Four modeling approaches to study restrictions on everyday life and social activities due to chronic diseases with consequences of suicidal behavior
    Myoungjee Jung, Kwang Ok Lee, Hae-Rim Kim, Sang-Baek Koh, Jeong-An Gim
    Journal of Psychiatric Research.2024; 173: 355.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of dietary behavior and intake related to glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes aged 30 years or older in Korea: Utilizing the 8th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2019–2021)
    Jin-Ah Seok, Yeon-Kyung Lee
    Nutrition Research and Practice.2024; 18(2): 239.     CrossRef
  • Model-Based Economic Evaluations of Interventions for Dementia: An Updated Systematic Review and Quality Assessment
    Mohsen Ghaffari Darab, Lidia Engel, Dennis Henzler, Michael Lauerer, Eckhard Nagel, Vicki Brown, Cathrine Mihalopoulos
    Applied Health Economics and Health Policy.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Temporary Employment Is Associated with Poor Dietary Quality in Middle-Aged Workers in Korea: A Nationwide Study Based on the Korean Healthy Eating Index, 2013–2021
    Seong-Uk Baek, Myeong-Hun Lim, Yu-Min Lee, Jong-Uk Won, Jin-Ha Yoon
    Nutrients.2024; 16(10): 1482.     CrossRef
  • The Impact of Physical Activity on Thyroid Health: Insights From Representative Data in Korea
    Jeongmin Lee, Han-Sang Baek, Kwanhoon Jo, Min-Hee Kim, Jung Min Lee, Sang Ah Chang, Dong-Jun Lim
    The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Chronic Disease Patterns and Their Relationship With Health-Related Quality of Life in South Korean Older Adults With the 2021 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey: Latent Class Analysis
    Mi-Sun Lee, Hooyeon Lee
    JMIR Public Health and Surveillance.2024; 10: e49433.     CrossRef
  • Exploring Disparities for Obesity in Korea Using Hierarchical Age-Period-Cohort Analysis With Cross-Classified Random Effect Models
    Chang Kyun Choi, Jung-Ho Yang, Sun-Seog Kweon, Min-Ho Shin
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between the risk of obstructive sleep apnea and lung function: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Jinwoo Seok, Hee-Young Yoon
    Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • National trends of allergic diseases and pandemic–related factors among individuals with obesity in South Korea: A nationwide representative serial study, 2005–2021
    Yejun Son, Jaeyu Park, Yujin Choi, Hyejun Kim, Jiseung Kang, Lee Smith, Kyung Sik Yoon, Selin Woo, Dong Keon Yon
    Heliyon.2024; 10(9): e29921.     CrossRef
  • Sex differences in the association between social jetlag and hazardous alcohol consumption in Korean workers: A nationwide cross-sectional study
    Seong-Uk Baek, Jong-Uk Won, Yu-Min Lee, Jin-Ha Yoon
    Sleep Medicine.2024; 119: 549.     CrossRef
  • Association between Dietary Quality and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Korean Adults: A Nationwide, Population-Based Study Using the Korean Healthy Eating Index (2013–2021)
    Seong-Uk Baek, Taeyeon Kim, Yu-Min Lee, Jong-Uk Won, Jin-Ha Yoon
    Nutrients.2024; 16(10): 1516.     CrossRef
  • Dietary patterns and the risk of diabetes in Korean adults: A cross-sectional and prospective cohort study
    Jiyoung Hwang, Hyesook Kim, Oran Kwon
    Nutrition.2024; 125: 112491.     CrossRef
  • Concordance of Characteristics and Metabolic Syndrome in Couples: Insights from a National Survey
    Kayoung Lee
    Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The mediating role of sugar and lipid metabolism and systemic inflammation in the association between breakfast skipping and periodontitis: A population‐based study
    Zhikang Wang, Rui Pu, Jing Zhang, Guoli Yang
    Journal of Periodontology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Chronic Kidney Disease According to Sex, Long Working Hours: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2019–2020)
    Sung-Min Jung, Mee-Ri Lee
    Life.2023; 13(8): 1625.     CrossRef
  • Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Gender Differences in Depression Based on National Representative Data
    Hyunsuk Jeong, Hyeon Woo Yim, Seung-Yup Lee, Da Young Jung
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Identifying the Group Vulnerable to Unmet Medical Needs Due to Food Security: According to Children in the Household
    Min-Soo Kim, Hyeon-Ji Lee, Jae-Hyun Kim
    Healthcare.2023; 11(3): 423.     CrossRef
  • Food Insecurity Is Associated with Dietary Consumption during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2019–2020
    Jeong-Hwa Choi
    Nutrients.2023; 15(3): 772.     CrossRef
  • Metabolically unhealthy phenotype in adults with normal weight: Is cardiometabolic health worse off when compared to adults with obesity?
    Myong-Won Seo, Joon Young Kim
    Obesity Research & Clinical Practice.2023; 17(2): 116.     CrossRef
  • Sleep duration, weekend catch-up sleep, and risk of obstructive sleep apnea in relation to handgrip strength
    Kayoung Lee
    Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics.2023; 110: 104987.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and trends in obesity and severe obesity in Korean children and adolescents, 2007–2020: A population‐based study
    Hong Kyu Park, Ji‐Young Seo, Hae Woon Jung, Jung Sub Lim
    Pediatrics International.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of weekend catch-up sleep and weekday sleep duration in relation to metabolic syndrome in Korean adults
    Kayoung Lee
    Sleep and Breathing.2023; 27(6): 2199.     CrossRef
  • Self-Reported Reasons for Activity Limitations According to Age and Sex in Community-Dwelling Stroke Survivors
    Young-Ah Choi, Yeo Hyung Kim
    Healthcare.2023; 11(10): 1420.     CrossRef
  • Relationships of neck circumference and abdominal obesity with insulin resistance considering relative handgrip strength in middle-aged and older individuals
    Kayoung Lee
    Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics.2023; 114: 105097.     CrossRef
  • Temporal Trends of the Prevalence of Abdominal Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Children and Adolescents between 2007 and 2020
    Jieun Lee, Sung-Chan Kang, Obin Kwon, Seung-sik Hwang, Jin Soo Moon, Hyun Wook Chae, Jaehyun Kim
    Journal of Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome.2023; 32(2): 170.     CrossRef
  • National trends in influenza vaccination coverage rates in South Korea between 2007-2020, including the COVID-19 pandemic: a longitudinal nationwide serial study
    Hyeon Jin Kim, Hyeowon Park, Dong Keon Yon, Masoud Rahmati
    Life Cycle.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Sedentary Behavior and Physical Activity of Community-Dwelling Korean Breast Cancer Survivors: A Nationwide Study
    Jung Soo Lee, Mina Park, Yeo Hyung Kim
    Healthcare.2023; 11(13): 1974.     CrossRef
  • Association between breastfeeding and periodontitis in Korean women using Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES): a cross-sectional study
    Zi-Lan Wang, Seung-Hee Ryu, Kwang-Hak Bae, Seon-Jip Kim, Hyun-Jae Cho
    BMC Oral Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Korea hypertension fact sheet 2022: analysis of nationwide population-based data with a special focus on hypertension in the elderly
    Hyeon Chang Kim, Hokyou Lee, Hyeok-Hee Lee, Gabin Lee, Eunji Kim, Moses Song, Jenny Moon, Yeeun Seo
    Clinical Hypertension.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Sex-specific prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in adults in India: a study for developing sex-specific public policy from the longitudinal ageing study in India (LASI) data 2017–2018
    Ayushi Singh, Priyanka Dixit
    Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Normal-Weight Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Adults: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study
    Jeonghyeon Kim, Seamon Kang, Hyunsik Kang
    Healthcare.2023; 11(16): 2303.     CrossRef
  • Differences in Associated Factors of Sedentary Behavior by Diabetes Mellitus Status: A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Study
    Dong Kee Jang, Hyung Seok Nam, Mina Park, Yeo Hyung Kim
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2023; 12(17): 5453.     CrossRef
  • Bidirectional associations between periodontal disease and systemic diseases: a nationwide population-based study in Korea
    Salma Nabila, Jaesung Choi, Ji-Eun Kim, Seokyung Hahn, In-Kyung Hwang, Tae-Il Kim, Hee-Kyung Park, Ji-Yeob Choi
    Scientific Reports.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between work-related physical activity and depressive symptoms in Korean workers: data from the Korea national health and nutrition examination survey 2014, 2016, 2018, and 2020
    Min Jeong Joo, Ye Seul Jang, Yun Seo Jang, Eun-Cheol Park
    BMC Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between weight loss agents and elevated liver enzymes: a population-based cross-sectional study
    Ye-Jee Kim, Seo Young Kang, Mi-Sook Kim, Joongyub Lee, Bo Ram Yang
    Scientific Reports.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between long working hours and cigarette smoking, leisure-time physical activity, and risky alcohol use: Findings from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2014–2021)
    Seong-Uk Baek, Jin-Ha Yoon
    Preventive Medicine.2023; 175: 107691.     CrossRef
  • Public Awareness of Dyslipidemia Among the Korean Population: A Survey Study
    Jae Hyun Bae, Eun-Sun Jin, Sung Eun Kim, Shinae Kang, Jong-Young Lee, Minsu Kim, Heung Yong Jin, Min-Jeong Shin, In-Kyung Jeong
    Journal of Lipid and Atherosclerosis.2023; 12(3): 307.     CrossRef
  • Standardized protocol of blood pressure measurement and quality control program for the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Hack-Lyoung Kim, Sang Min Park, In Jeong Cho, Yu-Mi Kim, Dae-Hee Kim, Sung Hye Kim, Kwang-Il Kim, Ki-Chul Sung, Sang-Hyun Ihm, Jinho Shin, Yoonjung Kim, Kyungwon Oh, Eun Mi Lee
    Clinical Hypertension.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Impact of anthropometric parameters on outcomes in Asians with metabolic dysfunction‐associated fatty liver disease
    Kyu Yeon Choi, Tae Yeon Kim, Young Eun Chon, Mi Na Kim, Joo Ho Lee, Seong Gyu Hwang, Jiwoo Lee, Mi Kyung Kwak, Eun‐Gyoung Hong, Yun Mi Choi, Yeonjung Ha
    Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle.2023; 14(6): 2747.     CrossRef
  • Effect of multimorbidity on hypertension management
    Eunjeong Ji, Soyeon Ahn, Jung-Yeon Choi, Cheol-Ho Kim, Kwang-il Kim
    Scientific Reports.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A Korean Nationwide Cross-Sectional Study Investigating Risk Factors, Prevalence, and Characteristics of Sarcopenia in Men in Early Old Age
    Jongseok Hwang, Soonjee Park
    Healthcare.2023; 11(21): 2860.     CrossRef
  • 국민건강영양조사 건강설문조사 순환조사체계 설계
    준현 황, 순우 박, 인호 박, 채윤 오, 선혜 최, 경원 오
    Public Health Weekly Report.2023; 16(42): 1433.     CrossRef
  • National Nutrition Surveys Applying Dietary Records or 24-h Dietary Recalls with Questionnaires: A Scoping Review
    Emiko Okada, Makiko Nakade, Fumiaki Hanzawa, Kentaro Murakami, Mai Matsumoto, Satoshi Sasaki, Hidemi Takimoto
    Nutrients.2023; 15(22): 4739.     CrossRef
  • COPD Risk Factor Profiles in General Population and Referred Patients: Potential Etiotypes
    Jang Ho Lee, Sehee Kim, Ye-Jee Kim, Sei Won Lee, Jae Seung Lee, Yeon-Mok Oh
    International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.2023; Volume 18: 2509.     CrossRef
  • Association between smoking status and handgrip strength in Korean male adults: based on Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2016–2019
    Eunbyul Cho, Hi Sun Soh, Jae-Ryun Lee, Jieun Yun, Woo Kyung Bae, Hyejin Lee
    Frontiers in Medicine.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between Neck Circumference and Chronic Kidney Disease in Korean Adults in the 2019–2021 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Youngmin Yoon, Yoo-min Kim, Somin Lee, Byung-Chul Shin, Hyun-Lee Kim, Jong-Hoon Chung, Minkook Son
    Nutrients.2023; 15(24): 5039.     CrossRef
  • Sex-Specific Trends in the Prevalence of Hypertension and the Number of People With Hypertension: Analysis of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 1998–2018
    Eunsun Seo, Sunjae Jung, Hokyou Lee, Hyeon Chang Kim
    Korean Circulation Journal.2022; 52(5): 382.     CrossRef
  • Inverse Association of Serum Folate Level with Metabolic Syndrome and Its Components in Korean Premenopausal Women: Findings of the 2016–2018 Korean National Health Nutrition Examination Survey
    Ye-Seul Koo, Yong-Jae Lee, Jae-Min Park
    Nutrients.2022; 14(4): 880.     CrossRef
  • Lower Dietary Calcium Intake is Associated with a Higher Risk of Mortality in Korean Adults
    Jin Young Yoo, Hyun Jeong Cho, Jung Eun Lee
    Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.2022; 122(11): 2072.     CrossRef
  • Association between exposure to fine particulate matter and kidney function: Results from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Jongmin Oh, Shinhee Ye, Duk-Hee Kang, Eunhee Ha
    Environmental Research.2022; 212: 113080.     CrossRef
  • Cardiovascular Implications of the 2021 KDIGO Blood Pressure Guideline for Adults With Chronic Kidney Disease
    Hyeok-Hee Lee, Hokyou Lee, Raymond R. Townsend, Dong-Wook Kim, Sungha Park, Hyeon Chang Kim
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology.2022; 79(17): 1675.     CrossRef
  • The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data linked Cause of Death data
    Sungha Yun, Kyungwon Oh
    Epidemiology and Health.2022; 44: e2022021.     CrossRef
  • Obesity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and hypercholesterolemia in Korean adults before and during the COVID-19 pandemic: a special report of the 2020 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Ga Bin Lee, Yoonjung Kim, Suyeon Park, Hyeon Chang Kim, Kyungwon Oh
    Epidemiology and Health.2022; 44: e2022041.     CrossRef
  • Mental health of Korean adults before and during the COVID-19 pandemic: a special report of the 2020 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Hyunsuk Jeong, Suyeon Park, Jihee Kim, Kyungwon Oh, Hyeon Woo Yim
    Epidemiology and Health.2022; 44: e2022042.     CrossRef
  • Diabetes Fact Sheet in Korea 2021
    Jae Hyun Bae, Kyung-Do Han, Seung-Hyun Ko, Ye Seul Yang, Jong Han Choi, Kyung Mook Choi, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Kyu Chang Won
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2022; 46(3): 417.     CrossRef
  • Serum folate levels and hypertension
    Yoonkyung Lee, Sangshin Park
    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Relationship between Lipid Accumulation Product, Insulin Resistance and Obesity in Korean Adults
    Hyun Yoon
    Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science.2022; 54(2): 149.     CrossRef
  • Relationship between Anemia and Falls among Postmenopausal Women in Korea
    Yunmi Kim, Jiyun Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(14): 8242.     CrossRef
  • Smoking in the workplace: A study of female call center employees in South Korea
    Hyunjin Oh, Sunjoo Boo, Petri Böckerman
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(7): e0267685.     CrossRef
  • Alterations in Glomerular Filtration Rates Using Different Algorithms in the Korean Population Visiting Local Clinics and Hospitals
    Rihwa Choi, Sang Gon Lee, Eun Hee Lee
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2022; 11(18): 5339.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence Trends of Metabolic Syndrome among Korean Children and Adolescents from a Population-Based Cross-Sectional Survey
    Ji Hyun Kim, Jung Sub Lim
    Life.2022; 12(9): 1404.     CrossRef
  • The Association of Mercury and ALT with Obesity in Korean Adults: Using Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 11 Years (KNHANES 2005, 2008~2017)
    Sang Shin Pyo
    Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science.2022; 54(3): 192.     CrossRef
  • Low relative hand grip strength is associated with a higher risk for diabetes and impaired fasting glucose among the Korean population
    Min Jin Lee, Ah Reum Khang, Dongwon Yi, Yang Ho Kang, Giacomo Pucci
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(10): e0275746.     CrossRef
  • Menstrual and Reproductive Factors for Gastric Cancer in Postmenopausal Women: The 2007–2020 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Heekyoung Song, Jung Yoon Park, Ju Myung Song, Youngjae Yoon, Yong-Wook Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(21): 14468.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and management of hypertension in Korean adults
    Hyeon Chang Kim
    Journal of the Korean Medical Association.2022; 65(10): 633.     CrossRef
  • One-year prevalence and clinical characteristics in chronic dizziness: The 2019–2020 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Eun Ji Kim, Hee-Jung Song, Hak In Lee, Eunjin Kwon, Seong-Hae Jeong
    Frontiers in Neurology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Spousal concordance of ideal cardiovascular health metrics: findings from the 2014–2019 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Manh Thang Hoang, Hokyou Lee, Hyeon Chang Kim
    Clinical Hypertension.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Changes in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Korean adults after the COVID-19 outbreak
    Ji-Young Kwon, Sang-Wook Song
    Epidemiology and Health.2022; 44: e2022101.     CrossRef
  • Item non-response imputation in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Serhim Son, Hyemi Moon, Hyonggin An
    Epidemiology and Health.2022; 44: e2022096.     CrossRef
  • The Interaction of High Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein and Uric Acid on Obesity in Koreans: Based on the Seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VII, 2016∼2018)
    Sang Shin Pyo
    Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science.2021; 53(4): 342.     CrossRef
  • Non-cancer disease prevalence and association with occupational radiation exposure among Korean radiation workers
    Soojin Park, Dal Nim Lee, Young Woo Jin, Eun Shil Cha, Won-Il Jang, Sunhoo Park, Songwon Seo
    Scientific Reports.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
Original Articles
Effects of adults’ health behaviors and combinations thereof on health outcomes: an analysis using National Health Insurance Service of Korea cohort data
Hyun-Jung Park, Eun-Jung Kim
Epidemiol Health. 2019;41:e2019042.   Published online October 8, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2019042
  • 11,285 View
  • 162 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
The purpose of this study was to estimate the effects of health-risk behaviors, alone and in combination, on health outcomes.
METHODS
This study used sample cohort data provided by the National Health Insurance Service focusing on the use of hospital services, direct medical expenses, length of stay, and re-entry rate according to health-risk behaviors. A frequency analysis and the chi-square test were used to investigate associations between the demographic characteristics of study subjects and their health-risk behaviors. The strength of the association of each factor was calculated as the odds ratio in a crossover analysis.
RESULTS
Obesity had the largest effect, especially in combination with smoking and drinking. In particular, significant associations were shown with the duration of hospitalization and direct medical expenses. After adjustment for sex, age, economic status, and pre-existing medical conditions, the duration of hospitalization was 7.37 times longer and that of medical expenses was 5.18 times higher in the obese group relative to the non-obese group. Drinking showed a statistically significant association with the number of days of hospitalization. After adjusting for the control variables, the number of hospital days was 1.24 longer in the drinking group than in the non-drinking group.
CONCLUSIONS
An analysis of combinations of health risk factors showed obesity had the largest effect.
Summary
Korean summary
본 연구에서는 건강위해행동이 건강결과에 미치는 영향을 추정하고, 건강위해행동 간 상호작용을 분석하여 보다 다차원적 측면에서 건강위해행동과 건강결과 간 관계를 다루었다. 그 결과, 흡연, 비만, 음주 중 1개의 위해행위를 가지고 있는 경우, 흡연 집단에서 모든 건강결과와의 관련성이 통계적으로 유의미하지 않았으나, 비만의 경우, 입원일수와 직접의료비간의 관련성이 유의미하였고, 특히, 비만한 집단의 경우, 성별, 연령, 경제적 수준 및 기저 질환을 보정한 후, 그렇지 않은 집단과 비교하여 입원일수와 의료비의 유의미한 증가가 확인되었다. 건강위험행태요인의 조합을 조사하여, 어떤 경우 건강행태에 영향을 크게 미치는지를 분석한 결과, 비만의 영향이 가장 큰 것으로 분석되었으며, 흡연과 음주, 단일의 건강위험행태보다, 비만과 함께 건강위험행태가 동반되었을 때 그 영향이 증가하였다.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Risk and protective behaviors for chronic non-communicable diseases among Brazilian adults
    R.B.N. de Carvalho, F. Rauber, R.M. Claro, R.B. Levy
    Public Health.2021; 195: 7.     CrossRef
Health behaviors and health status of Korean middleaged men by marital status: Korea Community Health Study, 2015
Yongho Jee, Youngtae Cho
Epidemiol Health. 2019;41:e2019019.   Published online May 15, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2019019
  • 10,780 View
  • 190 Download
  • 2 Web of Science
  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
Previous studies have shown that marital status is associated with household composition and living arrangements, which partially explain observed differences in health status according to marital status. However, due to the rapid socioeconomic and demographic transformations of the last few decades, the distribution of marital status among middle-aged adults has become more diverse. Therefore, this study aimed to obtain up-to-date information on the associations between marital status and health and to investigate the implications of these findings for conventional explanations of the health effects of marriage.
METHODS
The data for this study were obtained from the 2015 Korean Community Health Study. We compared 4 modifiable lifestyle behaviors—smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, and self-rated health status—as outcome variables in association with marital status in Korean middle-aged men (age 40-44) living in Seoul and other regions.
RESULTS
Married men showed the lowest cigarette smoking prevalence and the highest subjective health status both before and after adjusting for education and income. The odds of engaging in vigorous physical activity did not show a major difference before and after adjustment for income and education.
CONCLUSIONS
In married men, the prevalence of cigarette smoking was lowest and subjective health status was highest, similar to previous studies. However, the prevalence of engaging in physical activity was highest in divorced/widowed/separated men. The health behaviors and health status of Korean middle-aged adults should be more closely followed, since they are representative of demographic changes in the Korean population.
Summary
Korean summary
결혼 상태에 따른 건강을 다룬 이전연구에서 가구구성행태 위주의 연구, 기혼자일수록 일관되게 양호한 건강상태를 보인다는 결과들이 많이 보고되었으나 저출산 고령화의 흐름속에 1인 가구가 증가하고 가구 형태가 다양화되면서 기존의 연구결과들이 오늘날에도 유의한지에 따른 연구가 필요하며, 따라서 본 연구에서는 한국 중년 남성들의 결혼여부에 따른 건강상태를 분석하고자 하였다.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Marital status, marital transition and health behaviour and mental health outcomes among middle-aged and older adults in Thailand: A national longitudinal study
    Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer, Dararatt Anantanasuwong
    Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics.2024; 117: 105196.     CrossRef
  • Changing associations of coronary heart disease incidence with current partnership status and marital history over three decades
    Karri Silventoinen, Kaarina Korhonen, Pekka Martikainen
    SSM - Population Health.2022; 18: 101080.     CrossRef
  • Socioeconomic disparities between oral cavity cancer patients in Germany
    David Muallah, Jan Matschke, Sophie Muallah, Anna Klimova, Lysann Michaela Kroschwald, Tom Alexander Schröder, Günter Lauer, Dominik Haim
    Frontiers in Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Hemodiyaliz Hastalarında Sigara Kullanımı, Nikotin Bağımlılık Durumu Ve İlişkili Faktörler
    Zeynep KENDİ ÇELEBİ, Didem TURGUT
    Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi.2020; 7(2): 188.     CrossRef
  • A Multi-Disciplinary Study Into the Drivers of Smoking Cessation in South Korea
    James E. Prieger, Anna Choi
    SSRN Electronic Journal.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
Effects of living alone versus with others and of housemate type on smoking, drinking, dietary habits, and physical activity among elderly people
Seungmin Jeong, Sung il Cho
Epidemiol Health. 2017;39:e2017034.   Published online August 6, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2017034
  • 12,838 View
  • 247 Download
  • 18 Web of Science
  • 21 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
This study examined differences in health behaviors between elderly people living alone and with others; it also investigated whether the effect of living with others differs according to housemate type, namely a spouse and/or younger generations.
METHODS
Gender-stratified data from the 2013 Korea Community Health Survey for individuals aged 60 to 74 living in Seoul were analyzed. Logistic regression modeling was conducted to obtain odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of the outcome variables (smoking, drinking, eating salty foods, inactive lifestyle) for the variables of interest (living alone/with others, housemate type). Models were adjusted for confounding variables including history of medical conditions, employment type, and adjusted household income.
RESULTS
Analysis involved 1,814 men and 2,199 women. Risk of smoking was 1.80 times (95% CI, 1.21 to 2.67) higher for men living alone than living with others. Risk of eating salty foods was 0.78 times lower (95% CI, 0.62 to 0.98) for men living with a spouse than a spouse and younger generations. Risk of inactive lifestyle was 1.47 times higher (95% CI, 1.13 to 1.92) for women living alone. Risk of smoking was higher for women living alone (OR, 1.41; 95% CI, 1.03 to 1.92) or with younger generations (OR, 9.12; 95% CI, 2.04 to 40.80) than with a spouse and younger generations.
CONCLUSIONS
Living alone was associated with smoking in men and physical activity in women; housemate type was associated with dietary habits in men and smoking in women. These gender-specific findings can help identify groups of individuals vulnerable to risky health behaviors and to develop policies.
Summary
Korean summary
서울시의 60-74세 노인 남성 1,814명, 여성 2,199명을 대상으로, 노인의 독거 여부와 동거인의 유형이 흡연, 음주, 짜게 먹는 습관, 신체 활동 등 건강 행태에 미치는지 분석한 결과, 독거가 남성의 흡연 및 여성의 신체활동과 연관이 있는 것으로 나타났으며, 동거인의 유형이 남성의 짜게 먹는 습관 및 여성의 흡연과 연관이 있는 것으로 나타났다. 이 결과를 바탕으로 성특이적으로 나타난 노인의 건강 행태를 개선하기 위해 적극적으로 생활 행태를 교정할 수 있도록 영향을 주려는 정책을 만들어야 할 것이다.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Association between living alone and all-cause mortality of young and middle-aged patients with acute myocardial infarction: analysis of the China Acute Myocardial Infarction (CAMI) registry
    Yu Jiang, Jin-Gang Yang, Hai-Yan Qian, Yue-Jin Yang
    BMC Public Health.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • 1인가구의 사회적 고립과 우울의 연관성
    민지 황, 명 기
    Public Health Weekly Report.2024; 17(10): 383.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Patients Who Live Alone
    Joji INAMASU, Masashi FUJISAWA, Mizuto SATO, Takahiro MIYATA
    Neurologia medico-chirurgica.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Living alone and all-cause mortality in community-dwelling older adults: The moderating role of perceived neighborhood cohesion
    Yanping Jiang, Mengting Li, Tammy Chung
    Social Science & Medicine.2023; 317: 115568.     CrossRef
  • Living Alone Increases the Risk of Hypertension in Older Chinese Adults: A Population-Based Longitudinal Study
    Xiang Wang, Xiangyang Yuan, Bin Xia, Quan He, Wei Jie, Miao Dai, Nancy W Glynn
    Innovation in Aging.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Physicians, pharmacists, and dentists’ knowledge and attitudes toward the use of electronic cigarettes
    Haneen Mohammad, Sally Nassrawin, Ahmad Alhyasat, Suha AlMuhaissen
    Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health.2023; 24: 101443.     CrossRef
  • Changes in life satisfaction among middle-aged adults living alone over a 12-year span
    Jaehee Yoon, Jeewuan Kim, Joohyun Chung, Heesook Son, Christiane Schwieren
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(12): e0295895.     CrossRef
  • Interactive effect of socio-eco-demographic characteristics and perceived physical activity barriers on physical activity level among older adults
    Hamid Arazi, Mani Izadi, Hadis Kabirian
    European Review of Aging and Physical Activity.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Factors associated with long-term smoking relapse in those who succeeded in smoking cessation using regional smoking cessation programs
    Seung Hun Lee, Yu Hyeon Yi, Young In Lee, Hyo Young Lee, Kyoung-Min Lim
    Medicine.2022; 101(31): e29595.     CrossRef
  • Living alone and all-cause mortality in community-dwelling adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Yunli Zhao, Gordon Guyatt, Ya Gao, Qiukui Hao, Ream Abdullah, John Basmaji, Farid Foroutan
    eClinicalMedicine.2022; 54: 101677.     CrossRef
  • Effect of the Information Support Robot on the Daily Activity of Older People Living Alone in Actual Living Environment
    Jumpei Mizuno, Daisuke Saito, Ken Sadohara, Misato Nihei, Shinichi Ohnaka, Jun Suzurikawa, Takenobu Inoue
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(5): 2498.     CrossRef
  • Factors influencing the perceived health status of older adults living alone based on the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2016-2018)
    Mi-So Shim, Youngin Kim, Minkyung Park, Gwang Suk Kim
    Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics.2021; 96: 104433.     CrossRef
  • Relationship between Eating Behavior and Healthy Eating Competency of Single-Person and Multi-Person Households by Age Group
    Seung-Hee Hong, Ji-Myung Kim
    Korean Journal of Community Nutrition.2021; 26(5): 337.     CrossRef
  • Emergency hospital admissions among older adults living alone in the community
    Jon Barrenetxea, Kelvin Bryan Tan, Rachel Tong, Kevin Chua, Qiushi Feng, Woon-Puay Koh, Cynthia Chen
    BMC Health Services Research.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Associations among work-related stress and mental fatigue, and regular exercise in Japanese employees with or without diabetes
    Akiko Morimoto, Soichiro Watanabe, Yuko Ohno, Kayo Godai, Chieko Hatamochi, Yoshie Sugimoto, Satoko Okawa, Maiko Shikama, Nao Sonoda
    Diabetology International.2020; 11(2): 105.     CrossRef
  • The SmoCar Study: A Caribbean-Based Multicenter Study on the Prevalence and Disparities Linked to Smoking and Gingival Health
    Arvind Babu R. Santosh, James R. Collins, Thaon Jones, Michael Brache, Milagros Toro, Sona Tumanyan, Christine Walters, Sharon White, Augusto Elias-Boneta
    International Quarterly of Community Health Education.2020; 40(4): 321.     CrossRef
  • Living alone and risk of dementia: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Roopal Desai, Amber John, Joshua Stott, Georgina Charlesworth
    Ageing Research Reviews.2020; 62: 101122.     CrossRef
  • Associations between Living Alone and Smoking and Alcohol Consumption in Korean Adults
    Sang-Woo Lee, Byoungduck Han, Sung Jung Cho, Seung Jin Jung, Youn Huh, Junghun Kim, Do Hyun Eum, Taeryoon Kim, Soon-Hong Min, Woohyun Lee, Jinhee Cho, Min Hee Kwon, Ga Eun Nam
    Korean Journal of Family Medicine.2020; 41(5): 306.     CrossRef
  • A Multi-Disciplinary Study Into the Drivers of Smoking Cessation in South Korea
    James E. Prieger, Anna Choi
    SSRN Electronic Journal.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Influence of Living Arrangements and Eating Behavior on the Risk of Metabolic Syndrome: A National Cross-Sectional Study in South Korea
    Heesook Son, Hyerang Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2019; 16(6): 919.     CrossRef
  • Relationship between living alone and common mental disorders in the 1993, 2000 and 2007 National Psychiatric Morbidity Surveys
    Louis Jacob, Josep Maria Haro, Ai Koyanagi, Soraya Seedat
    PLOS ONE.2019; 14(5): e0215182.     CrossRef
Happiness and health behaviors in South Korean adolescents: a cross-sectional study
Su Yeon Kye, Jeong Hyun Kwon, Keeho Park
Epidemiol Health. 2016;38:e2016022.   Published online May 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2016022
  • 18,391 View
  • 286 Download
  • 19 Web of Science
  • 17 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
We examined the associations between happiness and a wide range of health behaviors in South Korean adolescents.
METHODS
Study data were derived from the ninth Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey administered from June to July 2013. In addition to happiness levels, the questionnaire included items on sociodemographics and health-related lifestyle factors (smoking, drinking, eating breakfast, fruit and vegetable consumption, physical activity, sedentary behavior, and hours of sleep).
RESULTS
The multivariate analysis revealed that higher levels of happiness were associated with not smoking or drinking, eating breakfast, eating fruits daily, vegetable consumption, participating in at least 60 minutes of physical activity a day, avoiding sedentary behavior, and hours of sleep. Additionally, sex differences were found in relationships between happiness and eating fruit daily, participation in physical activity, and sedentary behavior.
CONCLUSIONS
These results encourage public health professionals to consider the psychological aspects of adolescent life in working to improve their health behaviors and outcomes.
Summary
Korean summary
본 연구는 청소년건강행태온라인조사결과를 활용하여 청소년들의 주관적 행복수준이 여러가지 건강행동과 관련이 있는지를 살펴보았다. 자신이 행복하다고 느끼는 청소년들은 흡연, 음주, 좌식생활을, 그렇지 않다고 느끼는 청소년들보다 더 적게 하고 있었고, 이와 반대로 아침식사, 채소과일섭취, 신체활동, 충분한 수면은 더 많이 하고 있었다. 성별로 보았을 때는, 주관적 행복인지수준과 과일섭취, 신체활동, 좌식생활에 각각 남녀 차이가 있었다. 이러한 결과를 통해 청소년들의 건강행동 증진을 위해서는 이들의 행복인지능력을 강화하는 노력을 할 필요가 있음을 알 수 있었다.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Associations of Broader Parental Factors with Children’s Happiness and Weight Status through Child Food Intake, Physical Activity, and Screen Time: A Longitudinal Modeling Analysis of South Korean Families
    Kay W. Kim, Jan L. Wallander, Bokyung Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2024; 21(2): 176.     CrossRef
  • The socialization of positive emotions: Implications for physical health and psychological adjustment
    Stacey Doan, Samantha MacDonald, Kavya Swaminathan
    Mental Health & Prevention.2023; 30: 200272.     CrossRef
  • Why so slangry (sleepy and angry)? Shorter sleep duration and lower sleep efficiency predict worse next‐day mood in adolescents
    Lindsay Master, Nicole G. Nahmod, Gina Marie Mathew, Lauren Hale, Anne‐Marie Chang, Orfeu M. Buxton
    Journal of Adolescence.2023; 95(6): 1140.     CrossRef
  • Measuring Happiness in Adolescent Samples: A Systematic Review
    Justė Lukoševičiūtė, Gita Argustaitė-Zailskienė, Kastytis Šmigelskas
    Children.2022; 9(2): 227.     CrossRef
  • Long-Term Trend in the Association Between Disaster Damage and Happiness Before and After the Great East Japan Earthquake
    Masato Nagai, Hiroyuki Hikichi, Koichiro Shiba, Katsunori Kondo, Ichiro Kawachi, Jun Aida
    International Journal of Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Disparity between Subjective Health Perception and Lifestyle Practices among Korean Adolescents: A National Representative Sample
    Aniceto Echalico Braza, Jinsoo Jason Kim, Sun Hee Kim
    Journal of Lifestyle Medicine.2022; 12(3): 153.     CrossRef
  • Well-Slept Children and Teens are Happier and More Hopeful with Fewer Emotional Problems
    Esther Yuet Ying Lau, Yeuk Ching Lam, John Chi-Kin Lee
    Child Indicators Research.2021; 14(5): 1809.     CrossRef
  • Psychometric Qualities Evaluation of the Interdependent Happiness Scale across Malaysia, Philippines, and India
    Chee-Seng Tan, Shue-Ling Chong, Argel Bondoc Masanda, Sanju George
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 19(1): 187.     CrossRef
  • Understanding the Interactions of Happiness, Self-Rated Health, Mental Feelings, Habit of Eating Healthy and Sport/Activities: A Path Model for Abu Dhabi
    Masood A. Badri, Mugheer Alkhaili, Hamad Aldhaheri, Hamdan Alnahyan, Guang Yang, Muna Albahar, Asma Alrashdi
    Nutrients.2021; 14(1): 55.     CrossRef
  • The relationship between subjective happiness and sleep problems in Japanese adolescents
    Yuichiro Otsuka, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Osamu Itani, Maki Jike, Yoneatsu Osaki, Susumu Higuchi, Hideyuki Kanda, Aya Kinjo, Yuki Kuwabara, Hisashi Yoshimoto
    Sleep Medicine.2020; 69: 120.     CrossRef
  • Skipping breakfast, poor sleep quality, and Internet usage and their relation with unhappiness in Japanese adolescents
    Yuichiro Otsuka, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Osamu Itani, Maki Jike, Yoneatsu Osaki, Susumu Higuchi, Hideyuki Kanda, Aya Kinjo, Yuki Kuwabara, Hisashi Yoshimoto, Yuka Kotozaki
    PLOS ONE.2020; 15(7): e0235252.     CrossRef
  • The reciprocal effects of physical activity and happiness in adolescents
    Thabo J. van Woudenberg, Kirsten E. Bevelander, William J. Burk, Moniek Buijzen
    International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A Systematic Review of the Relationship Between Physical Activity and Happiness
    Zhanjia Zhang, Weiyun Chen
    Journal of Happiness Studies.2019; 20(4): 1305.     CrossRef
  • Insufficient sleep and suicidal ideation: a survey of 12,046 female adolescents
    Woong-Sub Park, Kwang Ik Yang, Hyeyun Kim
    Sleep Medicine.2019; 53: 65.     CrossRef
  • The Relationship between Mindfulness, Happiness and Healthy Lifestyle
    Farideh Bagheri, Fatemeh Gharehbaghi
    Caspian Journal of Health Research.2019; 4(2): 44.     CrossRef
  • Associations between utilitarian walking, meeting global physical activity guidelines, and psychological well-being among South Korean adolescents
    Yeonkyoung Jin, Valerie Carson, Roman Pabayo, John C. Spence, MarkS. Tremblay, Eun-Young Lee
    Journal of Transport & Health.2019; 14: 100588.     CrossRef
  • Relationship between happiness and tobacco smoking among high school students
    Maryam Ataeiasl, Parvin Sarbakhsh, Hossein Dadashzadeh, Christoph Augner, Masoumeh Anbarlouei, Asghar Mohammadpoorasl
    Epidemiology and Health.2018; 40: e2018009.     CrossRef
Test-retest reliability of health behavior items in the Community Health Survey in South Korea
Soo Jeong Kim, Jin A Han, Young Hwa Kim, Bo Youl Choi, Su Young Kim, Hun Je Lee, In Hwan Oh, Sung-il Cho, Jakyoung Lee, Soon Young Lee
Epidemiol Health. 2015;37:e2015045.   Published online October 20, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2015045
  • 19,431 View
  • 143 Download
  • 7 Web of Science
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
Responses to health-related items on the Community Health Survey (CHS) provide evidence that is used to develop community-based health policy. This study aimed to assess the test-retest reliability of selected health behavioral items on the CHS according to item category, response period, and response scale.
METHODS
A sample of 159 men and women 20 to 69 years of age participated in a test-retest with an interval of 14 to 21 days. A total of 28 items relating to smoking, alcohol consumption, diet and weight control, and mental health were selected. We evaluated the test-retest reliability of the items using kappa statistics.
RESULTS
Kappa values ranged from 0.44 to 0.93. Items concerning habits had higher kappa values (mean, 0.7; standard error, 0.05) than items concerning awareness or attitudes (p=0.012). The kappa value of items with two- to four-point scales was 0.63, which was higher than the value of 0.59 for items with scales involving five or more points, although this difference was not statistically significant. Different kappa values were observed for each reference period, but no statistically significant differences were noted.
CONCLUSIONS
The test-retest reliability of the CHS items that we studied was associated with item category. Further study of the relationship between item category and reliability in domains other than health behaviors is required.
Summary
Korean summary
이 연구는 지역사회건강조사의 건강행태 문항 중 28개 문항에 대하여 문항의 특성, 준거기간, 보기의 척도에 따라 조사-재조사 신뢰도의 차이를 분석하였다. 전체 문항의 카파값의 범위는 0.44-0.93이었다. 문항의 특성별로는 인지 또는 태도에 비해 습관에 관한 문항의 신뢰도가 높았으며, 보기의 척도가 5점 척도 이상에 비해 2-4점 척도의 신뢰도가 높음을 확인하였다.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Change in Denture Procedures after Implementation of National Health Insurance Coverage for the Elderly in Korea: A Nationwide Database
    Ye Seol Lee, Juyeong Kim, Yoon Soo Choy, Eunkyong Kim, Jaehyun Yoo
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(5): 2283.     CrossRef
  • Influence of dental insurance coverage on access to preventive periodontal care in middle-aged and elderly populations: analysis of representative Korean Community Health Survey Data (2011–2015)
    Young-Eun Jang, Chun-Bae Kim, Nam-Hee Kim
    International Dental Journal.2019; 69(6): 445.     CrossRef
  • Assessment of the validity and reliability of an urban household health expenditure (HHE) questionnaire in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    Murallitharan Munisamy, Tharini Thanapalan, Pattaraporn Piwong, Alessio Panza, Sathirakorn Pongpanich
    Journal of Health Research.2018; 32(1): 24.     CrossRef
  • Effects of living alone versus with others and of housemate type on smoking, drinking, dietary habits, and physical activity among elderly people
    Seungmin Jeong, Sung il Cho
    Epidemiology and Health.2017; 39: e2017034.     CrossRef
  • Tapering Practices of Strongman Athletes: Test-Retest Reliability Study
    Paul W Winwood, Hayden J Pritchard, Justin WL Keogh
    JMIR Research Protocols.2017; 6(10): e211.     CrossRef
  • Low socioeconomic status and suicidal ideation among elderly individuals
    Yeong Jun Ju, Eun-Cheol Park, Kyu-Tae Han, Jae Woo Choi, Jeong Lim Kim, Kyoung Hee Cho, Sohee Park
    International Psychogeriatrics.2016; 28(12): 2055.     CrossRef
Editorial
Monitoring targets and indicators for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases in Korea
Soon Young Lee
Epidemiol Health. 2015;37:e2015023.   Published online May 4, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2015023
  • 19,709 View
  • 189 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract
In order to respond to the increasing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) worldwide, the World Health Organization developed the global action plan (GAP), which included nine targets and 25 indicators to monitor the targets. Owing to space constraints, the article reviewed the status of 17 indicators for seven targets out of nine targets in the GAP in Korea. Most of these 17 indicators required additional analysis with existing national data to evaluate the status in Korea. Based on the result from evaluating indicators, the current NCD policy strategy and resources in Korea seemed unlikely to reach the GAP goals, unless innovative policy changes was planned to reduce NCD risk factors particularly focusing on smoking, excessive drinking, and insufficient physical activity.
Summary
Original Articles
Cardiovascular Risk Factors for Incident Hypertension in the Prehypertensive Population
Soo Jeong Kim, Jakyoung Lee, Sun Ha Jee, Chung Mo Nam, Kihong Chun, Il Soo Park, Soon Young Lee
Epidemiol Health. 2010;32:e2010003.   Published online May 1, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2010003
  • 18,679 View
  • 132 Download
  • 19 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract
<sec><title>OBJECTIVES</title><p>The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of changes in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors on progression from prehypertension (PreHTN) to hypertension (HTN) using an 8-yr prospective Korean Cancer Prevention Study (KCPS) by the National Health Insurance Corporation (NHIC) in Korea.</p></sec><sec><title>METHODS</title><p>A total of 16,229 subjects, aged 30 to 54, with new onset preHTN at baseline (1994-1996) in a biennial national medical exam were selected and followed up till 2004 at 2-yr intervals. All subjects underwent a biennial health examination including biochemical measurements and behavior. The log-rank test was performed to assess the relationship between changes in CVD risk factors and progression to HTN. The Cox proportional hazard model was used to identify factors influencing progression to HTN.</p></sec><sec><title>RESULTS</title><p>With regards the progression rate in men, ex-smokers (42.9%), abstainers (37.5%), and regular exercisers (37.6%) showed a slower progression rate than continuous smokers (49.5%) and continuous drinkers (50.9%). In women, those who participated in regular exercise (22.6%) had a lower rate of progression than continuous non-exercisers (36.1%). According to the results of the Cox proportional hazard model, improvements in smoking (hazard ratio [HR], 0.756), drinking (HR, 0.669), regular exercise (HR, 0.653), body mass index (HR, 0.715), and total cholesterol (HR, 0.788) played a protective role in progression to HTN in men, while in women, participating in regular exercise (HR, 0.534) was beneficial.</p></sec><sec><title>CONCLUSION</title><p>Improvements in CVD-related behaviors diminished the progression rate of HTN. This study suggests that individuals with PreHTN should be targeted for specific health behavioral intervention to prevent the progression of HTN.</p></sec>
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Association of hypertension with noodle consumption among Korean adults based on the Health Examinees (HEXA) study
    Suji Choi, Jungmin Park, Hyein Jung, Jiwon Jeong, Kyungjoon Lim, Sangah Shin
    Nutrition Research and Practice.2024; 18(2): 282.     CrossRef
  • Mixed effects logistic regression analysis of blood pressure among Ghanaians and associated risk factors
    Abdul-Karim Iddrisu, Ishmael Besing Karadaar, Joseph Gurah Junior, Bismark Ansu, Damoah-Asante Ernest
    Scientific Reports.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Assessing body mass index stages, individual diabetes and hypertension history effects on the risk of developing hypertension among Ghanaians: A cross‐sectional study
    Abdul‐Karim Iddrisu, Mohammed Adam
    Health Science Reports.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and associated risk factors of hypertension and pre-hypertension among the adult population: findings from the Dubai Household Survey, 2019
    Heba Mamdouh, Wafa K. Alnakhi, Hamid Y. Hussain, Gamal M. Ibrahim, Amal Hussein, Ibrahim Mahmoud, Fatheya Alawadi, Mohamed Hassanein, Mona Abdullatif, Kadhim AlAbady, Sabya Farooq, Nabil Sulaiman
    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Pre-Hypertension and Its Determinants in Healthy Young Adults: Analysis of Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey VII
    Insil Jang
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(17): 9144.     CrossRef
  • Precision Medicine and Cardiovascular Health: Insights from Mendelian Randomization Analyses
    Wes Spiller, Keum Ji Jung, Ji-Young Lee, Sun Ha Jee
    Korean Circulation Journal.2020; 50(2): 91.     CrossRef
  • Pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of physical activity in hypertension
    Jessica Gambardella, Marco Bruno Morelli, Xu‐Jun Wang, Gaetano Santulli
    The Journal of Clinical Hypertension.2020; 22(2): 291.     CrossRef
  • Incidence and risk factors for progression from prehypertension to hypertension: a 12-year Korean Cohort Study
    Eun Sun Yu, Kwan Hong, Byung Chul Chun
    Journal of Hypertension.2020; 38(9): 1755.     CrossRef
  • Excessive physical activity duration may be a risk factor for hypertension in young and middle-aged populations
    Zhongkai Zhu, Tianyu Feng, Yi Huang, Xinglan Liu, Han Lei, Ge Li, Dan Deng, Nan Zhang, Wei Huang
    Medicine.2019; 98(18): e15378.     CrossRef
  • 2018 Korean Society of Hypertension guidelines for the management of hypertension: part I-epidemiology of hypertension
    Hyeon Chang Kim, Sang-Hyun Ihm, Gheun-Ho Kim, Ju Han Kim, Kwang-il Kim, Hae-Young Lee, Jang Hoon Lee, Jong-Moo Park, Sungha Park, Wook Bum Pyun, Jinho Shin, Shung Chull Chae
    Clinical Hypertension.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Grape Seed Extract Supplementation Attenuates the Blood Pressure Response to Exercise in Prehypertensive Men
    Jong-Kyung Kim, Kyung-Ae Kim, Hyun-Min Choi, Seung-Kook Park, Charles L. Stebbins
    Journal of Medicinal Food.2018; 21(5): 445.     CrossRef
  • Cadmium body burden and increased blood pressure in middle-aged American Indians: the Strong Heart Study
    N Franceschini, R C Fry, P Balakrishnan, A Navas-Acien, C Oliver-Williams, A G Howard, S A Cole, K Haack, E M Lange, B V Howard, L G Best, K A Francesconi, W Goessler, J G Umans, M Tellez-Plaza
    Journal of Human Hypertension.2017; 31(3): 225.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of prehypertension and associated risk factors among Chinese adults from a large-scale multi-ethnic population survey
    Tao Xu, Junting Liu, Guangjin Zhu, Junxiu Liu, Shaomei Han
    BMC Public Health.2016;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Endothelium-dependent vasodilation effects of Panax notoginseng and its main components are mediated by nitric oxide and cyclooxygenase pathways
    Yanyan Wang, Yu Ren, Leilei Xing, Xiangdong Dai, Sheng Liu, Bin Yu, Yi Wang
    Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine.2016; 12(6): 3998.     CrossRef
  • 2013 Korean Society of Hypertension guidelines for the management of hypertension: part I–epidemiology and diagnosis of hypertension
    Jinho Shin, Jeong Bae Park, Kwang-il Kim, Ju Han Kim, Dong Heon Yang, Wook Bum Pyun, Young Gweon Kim, Gheun-Ho Kim, Shung Chull Chae
    Clinical Hypertension.2015;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Korean Society of Hypertension Guidelines for the Management of Hypertension in 2013: Its Essentials and Key Points
    Hae-Young Lee, Jeong Bae Park
    Pulse.2015; 3(1): 21.     CrossRef
  • Molecular Docking Simulations Provide Insights in the Substrate Binding Sites and Possible Substrates of the ABCC6 Transporter
    Mohammad Jakir Hosen, Abdullah Zubaer, Simrika Thapa, Bijendra Khadka, Anne De Paepe, Olivier M. Vanakker, Anthony George
    PLoS ONE.2014; 9(7): e102779.     CrossRef
  • Physical Activity and the Prevention of Hypertension
    Keith M. Diaz, Daichi Shimbo
    Current Hypertension Reports.2013; 15(6): 659.     CrossRef
  • Sympathovagal Imbalance in Young Prehypertensives: Importance of Male-Female Difference
    Gopal Krushna Pal, Pravati Pal, Venugopal Lalitha, Tarun Kumar Dutta, Chandrasekaran Adithan, Nivedita Nanda
    The American Journal of the Medical Sciences.2013; 345(1): 10.     CrossRef
Factors Related to Health Behaviors of the People in an Urban Community: Based on the Health Belief Model.
Byung Mann Cho
Korean J Epidemiol. 1999;21(2):151-158.
  • 5,406 View
  • 10 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract
Variables derived from the health belief model were studied in relation to practices of health behavior, which was measured in terms of thoroughness. Data were collected from the sample of 984 adults living in A-Gu of Pusan, during in-home interviews using structured questionnaires. Women practiced more health behaviors than men. The significant negative relationship was found between perceived barriers to health behavior and practices of health behavior in men and women. In addition, emotional support in men and perceived benefits of health behavior in women were also significant predictors of health behaviors. These findings suggest that in the study population, perceived barriers is the most powerful predictor for practices of health behavior and social support is also important for facilitating positive health behaviors.
Summary

Epidemiol Health : Epidemiology and Health