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Volume 35; 2013
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Original Articles
The Validity and Reliability of Characterizing Epilepsy Based on an External Review of Medical Records
Bong Su Kang, Hae-Kwan Cheong, Ki-Young Jung, Sang Hyeon Jang, Jae Kook Yoo, Dong Wook Kim, Soo-Eun Chung, Seo-Young Lee
Epidemiol Health. 2013;35:e2013006.   Published online August 23, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2013006
  • 14,576 View
  • 119 Download
  • 9 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract
OBJECTIVES

Our goal is to validate diagnosing and characterizing epilepsy based on a medical record survey by external reviewers.

METHODS

We reviewed medical records from 80 patients who received antiepileptic drugs in 2009 at two hospitals. The study consisted of two steps; data abstraction by certified health record administrators and then verification by the investigators. The gold standard was the results of the survey performed by the epileptologists from their own hospital.

RESULTS

The specificity was more than 90.0% for diagnosis and activity, and for new-onset seizures. The sensitivity was 97.0% or more for diagnosis and activity and 66.7-75.0% for new-onset epilepsy. This method accurately classified epileptic syndromes in 90.2-92.9% of patients, causes in 85.4-92.7%, and age of onset in 78.0-81.0%. Kappa statistics for inter-rater reliability and test-retest reliability ranged from 0.641-0.975, which means substantial to near-perfect agreement in all items.

CONCLUSIONS

Our data suggest that epilepsy can be well identified by external review of medical records. This method may be useful as a basis for large-scale epidemiological research.

Summary
Korean summary
Key Message

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Risk of COVID-19 Infection and of Severe Complications Among People With Epilepsy
    Joonsang Yoo, Jee Hyun Kim, Jimin Jeon, Jinkwon Kim, Tae-Jin Song
    Neurology.2022; 98(19): e1886.     CrossRef
  • The association between early childhood onset epilepsy and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in 3237 children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): a historical longitudinal cohort data linkage study
    Lauren Carson, Valeria Parlatini, Tara Safa, Benjamin Baig, Hitesh Shetty, Jacqueline Phillips-Owen, Vibhore Prasad, Johnny Downs
    European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The bumpy road to achieve reliability of clinical profile characteristics in psychosis and related disorders
    Steven Berendsen, Mirjam J. van Tricht, Amy Tedja, Thijs J. Burger, Mariken B. de Koning, Lieuwe de Haan
    International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Staging and profiling for schizophrenia spectrum disorders: Inter-rater reliability after a short training course
    Steven Berendsen, Jasper W. van der Paardt, Henricus L. Van, Marion van Bruggen, Hans Nusselder, Margje Jalink, Olav R. de Peuter, Jaap Peen, Mirjam J. van Tricht, Lieuwe de Haan
    Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry.2020; 99: 109856.     CrossRef
  • The new definition and classification of seizures and epilepsy
    Jessica J. Falco-Walter, Ingrid E. Scheffer, Robert S. Fisher
    Epilepsy Research.2018; 139: 73.     CrossRef
  • Presentation and management of community-onset vs hospital-onset first seizures
    Emma Foster, Sarah Holper, Zhibin Chen, Patrick Kwan
    Neurology: Clinical Practice.2018; 8(5): 421.     CrossRef
  • Estimating the Prevalence of Treated Epilepsy Using Administrative Health Data and Its Validity: ESSENCE Study
    Seo-Young Lee, Soo-Eun Chung, Dong Wook Kim, So-Hee Eun, Hoon Chul Kang, Yong Won Cho, Sang Do Yi, Heung Dong Kim, Ki-Young Jung, Hae-Kwan Cheong
    Journal of Clinical Neurology.2016; 12(4): 434.     CrossRef
  • Early Antiretroviral Therapy Is Protective Against Epilepsy in Children With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in Botswana
    David Bearden, Andrew P. Steenhoff, Dennis J. Dlugos, Dennis Kolson, Parth Mehta, Sudha Kessler, Elizabeth Lowenthal, Baphaleng Monokwane, Gabriel Anabwani, Gregory P. Bisson
    JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes.2015; 69(2): 193.     CrossRef
  • Clinical characteristics of patients with treated epilepsy in Korea: A nationwide epidemiologic study
    Dong Wook Kim, Seo-Young Lee, Soo-Eun Chung, Hae-Kwan Cheong, Ki-Young Jung
    Epilepsia.2014; 55(1): 67.     CrossRef
Factors Associated with a Low-sodium Diet: The Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Won Joon Lee, Hyeon Chang Kim, Sun Min Oh, Dong Phil Choi, Jaelim Cho, Il Suh
Epidemiol Health. 2013;35:e2013005.   Published online June 20, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2013005
  • 14,125 View
  • 112 Download
  • 13 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract
OBJECTIVES

The low-sodium diet is a known preventive factor for hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Factors associated with low-sodium diets should be identified to reduce sodium intake effectively. This study was conducted to identify factors correlated with a low-sodium diet.

METHODS

This cross-sectional study analyzed data from a total of 14,539 Koreans aged 20 years or older, who participated in the Fourth (2007-2009) Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. A low-sodium diet was defined as having ≤2,000 mg/day based on 24-hour recalls. Multiple logistic regression models were used to assess sex, age, education, number of family members, household income, occupation, alcohol drinking, total energy intake, frequency of eating out, and hypertension management status for their associations with low-sodium diets.

RESULTS

Among all participants, only 13.9% (n=2,016) had low-sodium diets. In the multivariate analysis, 40-49 years of age, clerical work jobs, higher total energy intake, and frequent eating out were inversely associated with low-sodium diets. And female sex and living-alone were associated with low-sodium diets. Lower frequency of eating out was significantly associated with low-sodium diets, even after adjusting for total energy intake and other potential confounders. Adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence interval) for a low-sodium diet were 1.97 (1.49-2.61), 1.47 (1.13-1.91), 1.24 (0.96-1.61), and 1.00 (reference) in people who eat out <1 time/month, 1-3 times/month, 1-6 times/week, and ≥1 time/day, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS

Our study suggests that sex, age, number of family members, occupation, total energy intake, and lower frequency of eating out were associated with a low-sodium diet in Korean adults.

Summary
Korean summary
Key Message

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Estimation of salt intake assessed by 24-h urinary sodium level among adults speaking different dialects from the Chaoshan region of southern China
    Fen Cai, Wen-Ya Dong, Jia-Xin Jiang, Xiao-Li Chen, Yue Wang, Chang-Yu Deng, Qing-Ying Zhang
    Public Health Nutrition.2021; 24(2): 290.     CrossRef
  • Mood and Metabolic Health Status of Elderly Osteoporotic Patients in Korea: A Cross-Sectional Study of a Nationally Representative Sample
    Hyen Chul Jo, Gu-Hee Jung, Seong-Ho Ok, Ji Eun Park, Jong Chul Baek
    Healthcare.2021; 9(1): 77.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of prehypertension and its risk factors in midlife and late life: Indonesian family life survey 2014–2015
    Aida Lydia, Siti Setiati, Czeresna Heriawan Soejono, Rahmi Istanti, Jessica Marsigit, Muhammad Khifzhon Azwar
    BMC Public Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Jounghee Lee, Jaesin Sa
    Nutrition Research and Practice.2020; 14(6): 679.     CrossRef
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    Dongwoo Ham, YoungYun Cho, Mi-Suk Park, Yun-Sug Park, Sun-Young Kim, Hye-Min Seol, Yoo Mi Park, Sunok Woo, Hyojee Joung, Do-Sun Lim
    Nutrition Research and Practice.2020; 14(6): 621.     CrossRef
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    Woongchan Rah, Jaewon So, Eun-Cheol Park, Sang Ah Lee, Sung-In Jang
    Public Health Nutrition.2019; 22(4): 681.     CrossRef
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    Hyeon Chang Kim, Yong Woo Jeon, Sung Taik Heo
    Circulation.2018; 138(21): 2312.     CrossRef
  • Sodium excretion and health-related quality of life: the results from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010–2011
    Hye Min Choi, Kyu-Beck Lee, Hyang Kim, Young Youl Hyun
    European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.2018; 72(11): 1490.     CrossRef
  • Trends in Blood Pressure and Prevalence of Hypertension in Korean Adults Based on the 1998–2014 KNHANES
    Tae-Jong Kim, Jae-woo Lee, Hee-Taik Kang, Myeong-Chan Cho, Hyoung-Ji Lim, Jin-Young Kim, Jang-Whan Bae, Yong-Jae Lee, Sang-Hyun Lee, John A. Linton, Yeseul Kim
    Yonsei Medical Journal.2018; 59(3): 356.     CrossRef
  • Socioeconomic Determinants of Sodium Intake in Adult Populations of High-Income Countries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Carlos de Mestral, Ana-Lucia Mayén, Dusan Petrovic, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Murielle Bochud, Silvia Stringhini
    American Journal of Public Health.2017; 107(4): e1.     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated With High Sodium Intake Based on Estimated 24-Hour Urinary Sodium Excretion
    Jae Won Hong, Jung Hyun Noh, Dong-Jun Kim
    Medicine.2016; 95(9): e2864.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of dietary intake in Korean adults according to energy intake from eating-out: Based on 2013~2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Yun-Jung Bae
    Journal of Nutrition and Health.2016; 49(6): 482.     CrossRef
  • The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES): current status and challenges
    Yuna Kim
    Epidemiology and Health.2014; 36: e2014002.     CrossRef
Predictors of Colorectal Cancer Survival in Golestan, Iran: A Population-based Study
Mohammad Aryaie, Gholamreza Roshandel, Shahryar Semnani, Mohsen Asadi-Lari, Mohsen Aarabi, Mohammad Ali Vakili, Vahideh Kazemnejhad, Seyed Mehdi Sedaghat, Masoud Solaymani-Dodaran
Epidemiol Health. 2013;35:e2013004.   Published online June 20, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2013004
  • 12,966 View
  • 124 Download
  • 15 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract
OBJECTIVES

We aimed to investigate factors associated with colorectal cancer survival in Golestan, Iran.

METHODS

We used a population based cancer registry to recruit study subjects. All patients registered since 2004 were contacted and data were collected using structured questionnaires and trained interviewers. All the existing evidences to determine the stage of the cancer were also collected. The time from first diagnosis to death was compared in patients according to their stage of cancer using the Kaplan-Meir method. A Cox proportional hazard model was built to examine their survival experience by taking into account other covariates.

RESULTS

Out of a total of 345 subjects, 227 were traced. Median age of the subjects was 54 and more than 42% were under 50 years old. We found 132 deaths among these patients, 5 of which were non-colorectal related deaths. The median survival time for the entire cohort was 3.56 years. A borderline significant difference in survival experience was detected for ethnicity (log rank test, p=0.053). Using Cox proportional hazard modeling, only cancer stage remained significantly associated with time of death in the final model.

CONCLUSIONS

Colorectal cancer occurs at a younger age among people living in Golestan province. A very young age at presentation and what appears to be a high proportion of patients presenting with late stage in this area suggest this population might benefit substantially from early diagnoses by introducing age adapted screening programs.

Summary
Korean summary
Key Message

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Prognostic Factors of Rectal Cancer in Southern Iran
    Seyed Vahid Hosseini, Abbas Rezaianzadeh, Salar Rahimikazerooni, Alimohammad Bananzadeh, Afrouz Farghadin, Mohammad Zare Band Amiry, Ahmad Izadpanah, Mohammad Mohammadianpanah, Sohrab Iranpour
    Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer.2022; 53(1): 113.     CrossRef
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    Lactatia Motsuku, Wenlong Carl Chen, Mazvita Molleen Muchengeti, Megan Naidoo, Tamlyn Mac Quene, Patricia Kellett, Matshediso Ivy Mohlala, Kathryn M. Chu, Elvira Singh
    BMC Cancer.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases.2021; 13(4): 314.     CrossRef
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    Hossein Mozafar Saadati, Farzad Khodamoradi, Hamid Salehiniya
    Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer.2020; 51(2): 401.     CrossRef
  • Survival Status and Predictors of Mortality Among Colorectal Cancer Patients in Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: A Retrospective Follow-up Study
    Bantalem Tilaye Atinafu, Fekadu Aga Bulti, Tefera Mulugeta Demelew
    Journal of Cancer Prevention.2020; 25(1): 38.     CrossRef
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    Hossein-Ali Nikbakht, Soheil Hassanipour, Layla Shojaie, Mohebat Vali, Saber Ghaffari-fam, Mousa Ghelichi-ghojogh, Zahra Maleki, Morteza Arab-Zozani, Elham Abdzadeh, Hamed Delam, Hamid Salehiniya, Maryam Shafiee, Salman Mohammadi
    Cancer Control.2020; 27(1): 107327482096414.     CrossRef
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    Susan Hasanpour-Heidari, Abdolreza Fazel, Shahryar Semnani, Seyyed-Reza Khandoozi, Taghi Amiriani, SeyedMehdi Sedaghat, Reza Hosseinpoor, Ramin Azarhoush, Mohammad Poorabbasi, Mohammad Naeimi-Tabiei, Gholamreza Roshandel, Freddie Bray, Elisabete Weiderpas
    Cancer Epidemiology.2019; 59: 143.     CrossRef
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    Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Malcolm A. Moore
    Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention.2013; 14(8): 4461.     CrossRef
Cohort Study of Risk Factors for Breast Cancer in Post Menopausal Women
Arthur J. Hartz, Tao He
Epidemiol Health. 2013;35:e2013003.   Published online April 30, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2013003
  • 16,144 View
  • 147 Download
  • 22 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract
OBJECTIVES

The present study assessed more than 800 potential risk factors to identify new predictors of breast cancer and compare the independence and relative importance of established risk factors.

METHODS

Data were collected by the Women's Health Initiative and included 147,202 women ages 50 to 79 who were enrolled from 1993 to 1998 and followed for 8 years. Analyses performed in 2011 and 2012 used the Cox proportional hazard regression to test the association between more than 800 baseline risk factors and incident breast cancer.

RESULTS

Baseline factors independently associated with subsequent breast cancer at the p<0.001 level (in decreasing order of statistical significance) were breast aspiration, family history, age, weight, history of breast biopsies, estrogen and progestin use, fewer live births, greater age at menopause, history of thyroid cancer, breast tenderness, digitalis use, alcohol intake, white race, not restless, no vaginal dryness, relative with prostate cancer, colon polyps, smoking, no breast augmentation, and no osteoporosis. Risk factors previously reported that were not independently associated with breast cancer in the present study included socioeconomic status, months of breast feeding, age at first birth, adiposity measures, adult weight gain, timing of initiation of hormone therapy, and several dietary, psychological, and exercise variables. Family history was not found to alter the risk associated with other factors.

CONCLUSIONS

These results suggest that some risk factors not commonly studied may be important for breast cancer and some frequently cited risk factors may be relatively unimportant or secondary.

Summary
Korean summary
Key Message

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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The Relationship between Height and Cognitive Function among Community-dwelling Elderly: Hallym Aging Study
Shan Ai Quan, Jin-Young Jeong, Dong-Hyun Kim
Epidemiol Health. 2013;35:e2013002.   Published online April 30, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2013002
  • 13,267 View
  • 89 Download
  • 7 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract
OBJECTIVES

Height is known as an index that reflects the environment of the fetal, childhood, and adolescent periods, which affect adult health. This study was conducted to elucidate whether height is associated with cognitive impairment in community-dwelling elders in Korea.

METHODS

The study subjects were recruited among community dwelling elderly individuals aged 65 or over who participated in the 2004 Hallym Aging Study. They were invited to a general hospital and were evaluated for socioeconomic status, smoking history, and various clinical measures. Cognitive function measurement was performed using the Korean-Mini Mental State Examination. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between height and cognitive function.

RESULTS

After adjusting for potential covariates such as age and education, the smallest group was associated with higher risk of cognitive impairment compared with the tallest group among elderly men (odds ratio [OR], 4.20; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02-17.36), but not among elderly women (OR,1.65; 95% CI, 0.62-4.40).

CONCLUSIONS

The reason for this difference according to sex may be explained by the differential effects of education on cognitive function by sex. A larger population-based prospective cohort study is needed to examine the association between height and cognitive function according to sex.

Summary
Korean summary
Key Message

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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The Relationship between Smoking, Socioeconomic Status and Grip Strength among Community-dwelling Elderly Men in Korea: Hallym Aging Study
ShanAi Quan, Jin-Young Jeong, Dong-Hyun Kim
Epidemiol Health. 2013;35:e2013001.   Published online February 18, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2013001
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Abstract
OBJECTIVES

Low grip strength is associated with decline in bone mineral density (BMD) and increased risk of spine fracture among the elderly. Smoking, a major factor determining BMD, is also known to have an indirect effect on bone loss. This study investigated whether smoking is associated with grip strength in the community-dwelling elderly in Korea.

METHODS

This study was an outcome of the second of three waves of the Hallym Aging Study from January to May 2007, a population-based study of Koreans aged 45 years and upwards dwelling in Chuncheon. Its 218 subjects comprised men aged 65 years or over. They were evaluated at a general hospital for socioeconomic status, smoking history, and various clinical measures including grip strength.

RESULTS

Grip strength was higher in non-, ex-, and current smokers (33.7 kg, 30.6 kg, and 29.3 kg, respectively). Current smoking was found to increase the risk of decreased grip strength (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 4.58; 95% confidence interval [CI],1.31 to 16.04) compared with non-smoking, after adjustment for potential covariates including socioeconomic status. After adjustment for smoking effect, education of fewer than six years and monthly income of fewer than 500,000 Korean won increased the risk of decreased grip strength compared with education of more than six years (aOR, 2.88; 95% CI, 1.08 to 7.66) and monthly income of more than 1,500,000 Korean won (aOR, 2.86; 95% CI, 1.08 to 7.54).

CONCLUSIONS

These results showed that current smoking, low education and low income were independent risk factors for decreased grip strength among elderly men in Korea.

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Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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