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Volume 31; 2009
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Original Articles
Validity of Stature-predicted Equations using Knee Height for Elderly and Mobility Impaired Persons in Koreans
In Cheol Hwang, Kyoung Kon Kim, Hee Cheol Kang, Dae Ryong Kang
Epidemiol Health. 2009;31:e2009004.   Published online October 12, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2009004
  • 15,327 View
  • 149 Download
  • 9 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract
OBJECTIVES

This study aimed to establish a stature-predicted equation using knee height, and perform a clinical validation on a Korean population.

METHODS

Using nationwide data obtained from 'Size Korea 2004', a stature-predicted equation was drawn and cross validation was performed using knee height in 5,063 subjects (2,532 males, 1,785 premenopausal females, and 746 postmenopausal females) who were aged between 20 and 69 yr. The formula was then applied to an elderly group (7 males and 26 females) and a mobility-impaired group (25 males and 14 females) in a real clinical setting. A stature-predicted equation was estimated using knee height and age based on multiple linear regression analysis. Cross validation was performed using paired t-test, and validation using clinical data was performed using Wilcoxon signed rank test.

RESULTS

In three groups (males, premenopausal females, and postmenopausal females), a cross validation was performed for a stature-predicted equation which was drawn using knee height and age. There were no significant differences between recorded height and estimated height in the elderly group (mean difference±interquartile range (IQR): male 0.65±4.65 cm, female -0.10±3.65 cm) and the mobility-impaired group (mean difference±IQR: male -0.23±5.45 cm, female 1.64±5.36 cm).

CONCLUSION

If several limitations could be overcome, the Korean-specific equations using knee height drawn from this study could be applied to actual clinical settings with Korean elderly or mobility-impaired people.

Summary
Korean summary
Key Message

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Anthropometric Equations to Determine Maximum Height in Adults ≥ 60 Years: A Systematic Review
    Arnulfo Ramos-Jiménez, Rosa P. Hernández-Torres, Isaac A. Chávez-Guevara, José A. Alvarez-Sanchez, Marco A. García-Villalvazo, Miguel Murguía-Romero
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(9): 5072.     CrossRef
  • Height Prediction Using the Knee Height Measurement Among Indonesian Children
    Fernando Rumapea, Eddy Fadlyana, Meita Dhamayanti, Rodman Tarigan, Rahmayani Rahmayani, Kusnandi Rusmil
    Food and Nutrition Bulletin.2021; 42(2): 247.     CrossRef
  • A Knee Height Equation for Estimating Height of Vietnamese Adults
    Tu Huu Nguyen, Yen Ngoc Ma, Linh Thuy Nguyen
    Nutrition Today.2021; 56(6): 306.     CrossRef
  • Bayes factor: A useful tool to quantitatively evaluate and compare performance of multiple stature estimation equations
    Yangseung Jeong, Ashlin P. Harris, Omar Ali, Yochun Jung
    Forensic Science International.2020; 312: 110299.     CrossRef
  • Estimating the height of elderly nursing home residents: Which equation to use?
    Marcos Felipe Silva de Lima, Larissa Praça de Oliveira, Natália Louise de Araújo Cabral, Laura Camila Pereira Liberalino, Ursula Viana Bagni, Kenio Costa de Lima, Clélia de Oliveira Lyra, Gary Liguori
    PLOS ONE.2018; 13(10): e0205642.     CrossRef
  • Accuracy of height estimation and tidal volume setting using anthropometric formulas in an ICU Caucasian population
    Erwan L’her, Jérôme Martin-Babau, François Lellouche
    Annals of Intensive Care.2016;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Enteral nutritional intake in adult korean intensivecare patients
    Hyunjung Kim, Nancy A. Stotts, Erika S. Froelicher, Marguerite M. Engler, Carol Porter
    American Journal of Critical Care.2013; 22(2): 126.     CrossRef
  • Adequacy of early enteral nutrition in adult patients in the intensive care unit
    Hyunjung Kim, Nancy A Stotts, Erika S Froelicher, Marguerite M Engler, Carol Porter, Heejeong Kwak
    Journal of Clinical Nursing.2012; 21(19pt20): 2860.     CrossRef
  • The estimation of body height from ulna length in healthy adults from different ethnic groups
    A. M. Madden, T. Tsikoura, D. J. Stott
    Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics.2012; 25(2): 121.     CrossRef
Hepatitis A Vaccination Rates and Related Factors in a 2005 Population-based Study in Nonsan, Korea
Eun Young Kim, Baeg Ju Na, Moo Sik Lee, Keon Yeop Kim, Moran Ki
Epidemiol Health. 2009;31:e2009003.   Published online October 12, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2009003
  • 12,810 View
  • 100 Download
  • 6 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract
OBJECTIVES

The incidence of clinical hepatitis A has increased in young Korean adults since the mid-1990s. Although hepatitis A vaccinations have been administered in private clinics over the past 10 yr, no data exist on the vaccination rate and relating factors.

METHODS

In 2005, a population-based survey of 12-35-month-old children was carried out in Nonsan, Korea. An interview survey was completed for 71.3% of the children. All data came from a vaccination card or confirmation from a provider.

RESULTS

The hepatitis A vaccination rate was 42.3% for ≥1 dose and 24.7% for 2-dose. The results of the multivariate regression analysis for the hepatitis A vaccination showed that the second (OR=1.6) and third and successive children (OR=3.3) were less often immunized than the first child. Low economic status (OR=1.6), rural area (OR=1.5) and employed mother (OR=1.5) were also correlated with a lower vaccination rate. The hepatitis A vaccination rate was significantly lower in children who had no other vaccinations: measlesmumps-rubella (OR=2.8 for ≥1 dose and 7.3 for 2-dose), varicella (OR=20.2 and 22.0, respectively) and Haemophilus influenza type b (OR=14.3 and 13.3, respectively).

CONCLUSION

To prevent outbreaks of clinical hepatitis A by enough herd immunity, a vaccination should be included in the National Immunization Program and a vaccination policy developed and implemented that can overcome the barriers to immunization such as late birth order and a mother's employment.

Summary
Korean summary
Key Message

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Very low prevalence of anti-HAV in Japan: high potential for future outbreak
    Chikako Yamamoto, Ko Ko, Shintaro Nagashima, Takayuki Harakawa, Toshiko Fujii, Masayuki Ohisa, Keiko Katayama, Kazuaki Takahashi, Hiroaki Okamoto, Junko Tanaka
    Scientific Reports.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Changing sero-epidemiology of hepatitis A in Asia Pacific countries: A systematic review
    Marissa Gripenberg, Naveena Aloysia D’Cor, Maïna L’Azou, Grenville Marsh, Sophie Druelles, Joshua Nealon
    International Journal of Infectious Diseases.2018; 68: 13.     CrossRef
  • Hepatitis A Virus Vaccination Status and Related Factors among College Students
    Jae Seong Baek, Mi Ah Han, Jong Park, Na-Ra Yun
    Korean Journal of Health Promotion.2014; 14(3): 103.     CrossRef
  • Vaccination rates and related factors among health care workers in South Korea, 2009
    Hee Jung Yoon, Jiseun Lim, BoYoul Choi, Jungsoo Kim, Jeonguk Kim, Changhwi Kim, Joon Soo Park, Sang-Bum Hong, Jooyoun Seo, Geun-Ryang Bae, Moran Ki
    American Journal of Infection Control.2013; 41(8): 753.     CrossRef
  • Factors Related to Completed Status and Seropositivity of Hepatitis A Immunization Among Children Aged 1–3 Years and 6–8 Years in South Korea
    Jee-Young Hong, Mo Ran Ki, Hye-Jung Hwang, Delacroix Sinny, Young-Joon Park, Geun-Ryang Bae, Moo-Sik Lee
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2013; 4(2): 93.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation on the Accuracy of Vaccination Card for National Immunization Program in a 2005 Population-Based Survey in Nonsan, Korea
    Moo-Sik Lee, Jee-Hee Kim, Kwang-Hwan Kim, Jee-Young Hong, Jin-Yong Lee, Keon-Yeop Kim
    Journal of agricultural medicine and community health.2011; 36(2): 113.     CrossRef
Relationship Between Earlobe Crease and Brachial-ankle Pulse Wave Velocity in Non-hypertensive, Non-diabetic Adults in Korea
Sang In Choi, Hee Cheol Kang, Choon Ok Kim, Seung Beom Lee, Won Ju Hwang, Dae Ryong Kang
Epidemiol Health. 2009;31:e2009002.   Published online October 12, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2009002
  • 14,094 View
  • 90 Download
  • 12 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract
OBJECTIVES

Several studies have found a significant association between the presence of earlobe crease (ELC) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Brachial-ankle Pulse Wave Velocity (baPWV) is a non-invasive and useful measure of arterial stiffness predicting cardiovascular events and mortality. However, few studies have reported the relationship between ELC and baPWV as a new measure of arterial stiffness. The purpose of this study was to determine whether ELC is related to baPWV in non-diabetic, non-hypertensive, and apparently healthy Korean adults.

METHODS

A cross-sectional study was conducted on 573 non-hypertensive, non-diabetic Korean adults aged 20-80 yr. Subjects were stratified into three groups according to gender and menopausal status. baPWV was measured by an automatic waveform analyser. The association between ELC and baPWV was assessed by multiple linear regression analysis after adjusting for conventional cardiovascular disease risk factors including age, gender, blood pressure, lipid profile, and smoking status etc.

RESULTS

The overall frequency of ELC was 19.02% and the subjects with ELC showed significantly higher mean baPWV (p<0.0001). Multiple linear regression of subjects revealed that the presence of ELC was independently associated with baPWV (male, p<0.0001; premenopausal female p=0.0162; postmenopausal female p=0.0208).

CONCLUSION

ELC had a significant correlation with baPWV, independently controlling for other classical cardiovascular risk factors in adults aged 20 yr or older. ELC is an important surrogate marker of increased arterial stiffness as measured by baPWV in Korean adults.

Summary
Korean summary
Key Message

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Diagonal earlobe crease and long-term survival after myocardial infarction
    Christian Thilo, Christine Meisinger, Margit Heier, Wolfgang von Scheidt, Inge Kirchberger
    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between serum carbohydrate antigen 19-9 levels and leukoaraiosis in middle-aged and older adults: A cross-sectional study
    Da-Hye Son, Hye Sun Lee, Yong-Jae Lee
    Atherosclerosis.2020; 292: 188.     CrossRef
  • Association Between the Frank Sign and Cardiovascular Events
    Saleh Nazzal, Arnon Blum
    Southern Medical Journal.2018; 111(8): 504.     CrossRef
  • Reevaluation of the earlobe types in Koreans
    K.E. Kim, W.J. Song, D.K. Kim
    HOMO.2018; 69(6): 377.     CrossRef
  • The role of diagonal earlobe as evidence of coronary artery disease in a Salahiddin province- Iraqi population
    Omar Raheem Khalaf AL-Obaidi, Rasha Abduladheem Yaseen
    IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering.2018; 454: 012120.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Earlobe Creases and Their Association With History of Cardiovascular Disease in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Minako Wakasugi, Junichiro James Kazama, Kazuko Kawamura, Suguru Yamamoto, Masaaki Nagai, Kentaro Omori, Saori Yokota, Hirokazu Fujikawa, Ikuo Aoike, Tsukasa Omori, Ichiei Narita
    Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis.2017; 21(5): 478.     CrossRef
  • Diagonal Earlobe Crease is a Visible Sign for Cerebral Small Vessel Disease and Amyloid-β
    Jin San Lee, Seongbeom Park, Hee Jin Kim, Yeshin Kim, Hyemin Jang, Ko Woon Kim, Hak Young Rhee, Sung Sang Yoon, Kyoung Jin Hwang, Key-Chung Park, Seung Hwan Moon, Sung Tae Kim, Samuel N. Lockhart, Duk L. Na, Sang Won Seo
    Scientific Reports.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Visible aging signs as risk markers for ischemic heart disease: Epidemiology, pathogenesis and clinical implications
    Mette Christoffersen, Anne Tybjærg-Hansen
    Ageing Research Reviews.2016; 25: 24.     CrossRef
  • Diagonal earlobe crease and coronary artery disease in a Chinese population
    Xing-li Wu, Ding-you Yang, Yu-sheng Zhao, Wen-hui Chai, Ming-lei Jin
    BMC Cardiovascular Disorders.2014;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Earlobe Crease May Provide Predictive Information on Asymptomatic Peripheral Arterial Disease in Patients Clinically Free of Atherosclerotic Vascular Disease
    Levent Korkmaz, Mustafa Tarık Ağaç, Zeydin Acar, Hakan Erkan, Ismail Gurbak, Ibrahim Halil Kurt, Huseyin Bektas, Erdinc Pelit, Ayca Ata Korkmaz, Şükrü Çelik
    Angiology.2014; 65(4): 303.     CrossRef
  • Association Between Earlobe Crease and the Metabolic Syndrome in a Cross-sectional Study
    Eun Hee Kang, Hee Cheol Kang
    Epidemiology and Health.2012; 34: e2012004.     CrossRef
  • Diagonal Ear Lobe Crease and Coronary Artery Disease
    Damir Fabijanić, Viktor Čulić
    The American Journal of Cardiology.2012; 110(9): 1385.     CrossRef
Editorial
Welcome to Epidemiology and Health
Bo Youl Choi
Epidemiol Health. 2009;31:e2009001.   Published online October 29, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2009001
  • 9,871 View
  • 90 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract

The Korean Society of Epidemiology publishes a scholarly journal titled 'Korean Journal of Epidemiology', which announces and discusses the results of epidemiological studies from the past 30 yr. Since its first publication in 1979, the journal has contributed to the advancement of epidemiology as well as the prevention and control of disease, and the promotion of health in Korea.

In 2009, the editorial board has decided to publish the journal in English to contribute internationally, and change the journal's name. The new name of the journal is 'Epidemiology and Health'.

The abstract and full text of articles will be published as an open access online journal, which will be posted onto the homepage (http://www.e-epih.org/) in real time for anyone in the world to access free of charge. Our editorial policy is that 'Epidemiology and Health' is open to every researcher in fields related to epidemiology, regardless of membership, his or her major and nationality.

Editorials, lectures, review papers, original articles, epidemic and case investigations, brief communications and letters will be published to generate active discussion through the journal along with the publication of the papers.

'Epidemiology and Health' welcomes articles from various fields of epidemiology, such as 1) infectious diseases epidemiology, 2) chronic diseases epidemiology, 3) nutritional epidemiology, 4) clinical epidemiology, 5) pharmacoepidemiology, 6) genetic or molecular epidemiology, 7) social epidemiology, 8) environmental or occupational epidemiology, 9) epidemiological methods and biostatistics, 10) disease prevention and control, 11) health promotion and, 12) all other fields related to epidemiology.

Summary
Korean summary
Key Message

Epidemiol Health : Epidemiology and Health