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Elder abuse/mistreatment and associated covariates in India: results from the Longitudinal Aging Study in India wave 1, 2017-2018
Thennavan Sathya, Yesuvadian Selvamani, Rangasamy Nagarajan
Epidemiol Health. 2022;44:e2022017.   Published online January 18, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2022017
  • 10,449 View
  • 442 Download
  • 5 Web of Science
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
Elder abuse has significant adverse consequences for the overall health and well-being of the elderly, including premature mortality. Using cross-sectional data, we assessed the prevalence of elder abuse in India, its variation across states, and associated factors.
METHODS
Nationally representative data from the first wave of the Longitudinal Aging Study in India were analyzed. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to study the prevalence, state variations, and associated factors of elder abuse.
RESULTS
Overall, 5.2% of elderly adults (≥60 years) had experienced abuse in the year prior to the survey and 3% had experienced abuse within their own household. Verbal abuse or disrespect was the most common form of abuse. Considerable variation was observed in the prevalence of elder abuse across states and union territories, with the highest prevalence observed in Bihar (11.6%) and Karnataka (10.1%). In regression analysis, education level emerged as a protective factor against elder abuse, particularly among women. Older adults who lived alone, had functional limitations, had multiple morbidities, and had been hospitalized in the past year were more likely to experience abuse. Older adults who experienced abuse were 2 times more likely to experience depressive symptoms.
CONCLUSIONS
Cross-state variation in the prevalence of elder abuse and subgroup differences suggest that state-specific interventions and essential monitoring of older adults with functional limitations, chronic diseases, and recent hospitalization can further reduce the prevalence and consequences of elder abuse in India.
Summary
Key Message
Elder abuse is one of the common forms of violence among the elderly. This study finds a significant proportion (5.2%) of Indian elderly reported elder abuse with considerable state-variations. The prevalence of elder abuse is higher in the states of Bihar (11.6%) and Karnataka (10.1%). Gender differences in elder abuse is notable where women is more likely to experience abuse than men. Education is a key protective factor of abuse. Elderly with multimorbidity and functional limitations are more likely to experience abuse. The elder abuse is positively associated with depressive symptoms.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Understanding Elder Abuse in India: Contributing Factors and Policy Suggestions
    Priya Maurya, Aparajita Chattopadhyay, Smitha Rao, Palak Sharma
    Journal of Population Ageing.2024; 17(1): 5.     CrossRef
  • Association between Multimorbidity and Psychological Distress among Older Adults in India: The Moderating Role of Elder Abuse
    T Sathya, Y Selvamani, R. Nagarajan, M. Mathew Arumai
    Clinical Gerontologist.2024; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and risk factors of elder abuse in survivors of stroke: A cross‐sectional study
    Guifen Zhang, Minyuan Chen, Peiyi Xiao, Zhibo Peng
    Health Science Reports.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Elder Mistreatment as a Risk Factor for Depression and Suicidal Ideation in Korean Older Adults
    Min-So Paek, Mi Jin Lee, Yu-Seon Shin
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(18): 11165.     CrossRef
Domestic elder abuse and associated factors in elderly women in Tehran, Iran
Negar Piri, Parisa Taheri Tanjani, Soheila Khodkarim, Koorosh Etemad
Epidemiol Health. 2018;40:e2018055.   Published online November 10, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2018055
  • 12,575 View
  • 207 Download
  • 14 Web of Science
  • 17 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
Elderly people are often abused in many ways, with serious and lasting consequences. Elder abuse remains one of the most hidden forms of family conflict, and its frequency is anticipated to be rising in many countries that are rapidly experiencing population aging. The purpose of this study was to investigate the status of domestic elder abuse in elderly women in Tehran, Iran and to identify associated factors.
METHODS
This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2017 among 260 women aged 60 and over, selected through multistage random sampling. Information on abuse and its risk factors was collected through interviews with the elderly in their homes. In order to measure domestic elder abuse, the validated Domestic Elderly Abuse Questionnaire was used. The ordinal logistic test was used in Stata version 12 to identify factors related to elder abuse.
RESULTS
Overall, 90.4% of the subjects had experienced at least 1 type of abuse, among which authority deprivation (68.5%) was the most common and rejection (11.2%) the least common. The ordinal logistic analysis showed that the likelihood of experiencing more severe severe abuse was significantly higher in elderly people over 72 than in those aged 60-62 years (odds ratio, 2.07; 95% confidence interval, 1.03 to 4.17).
CONCLUSIONS
Domestic elder abuse was found to be common in older women. Old age was an important risk factor for domestic elder abuse in elderly women in Tehran. Managing and preventing elder abuse is an important issue that needs to be addressed.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Prevalence of Elder Abuse and Its Related Factors in Isfahan, Iran
    Sima Siadat, Narges Motamedi
    Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of elder abuse and its related factors in Iran: A community-based study
    Saeideh Motahedi, Mahboobeh Khajeh, Ahmad Khosravi, Seyedmohammad Mirhosseini, Hossein Ebrahimi
    Current Psychology.2023; 42(21): 17960.     CrossRef
  • Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Factors Among Elderly in Ethiopia
    Asrat Wolde
    Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment.2023; 17: 117822182311580.     CrossRef
  • Assessment of life satisfaction and risk of violence in elderly / Avaliação da satisfação com a vida e o risco para violência em idosos
    Gleicy Karine Nascimento de Araújo Monteiro, Renata Clemente dos Santos, Rafaella Queiroga Souto, Cláudia Quézia Amado Monteiro Leal, Bárbara Maria Lopes da Silva Brandão, Waglânia Mendonça Faustino e Freitas
    Revista de Pesquisa Cuidado é Fundamental Online.2023; 15: 1.     CrossRef
  • The prevalence of elder abuse and risk factors: a cross-sectional study of community older adults
    Reza Nemati-Vakilabad, Zahra Khalili, Leila Ghanbari-Afra, Alireza Mirzaei
    BMC Geriatrics.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Development and validation of the short form domestic elder abuse assessment questionnaire (SF-DEAQ)
    Amirreza Zobdeh, Razieh Bandari, Majideh Heravi-Karimooi, Maryam Mashayekh, Maryam Hazrati, Ali Montazeri
    BMC Geriatrics.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • ABUSE AGAINST THE ELDERLY PERSON: ANALYSIS OF THE INTERNAL CONSISTENCY OF INSTRUMENTS*
    Renata Clemente dos Santos Rodrigues, Gleicy Karine Nascimento de Araújo-Monteiro, Emanuella de Castro Marcolino, Bárbara Maria Lopes da Silva Brandão, Lindemberg Arruda Barbosa, Ronei Marcos de Moraes, Rafaella Queiroga Souto
    Cogitare Enfermagem.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • VIOLENCIA CONTRA LOS ANCIANOS: ANÁLISIS DE LA COHERENCIA INTERNA DE LOS INSTRUMENTOS*
    Renata Clemente dos Santos Rodrigues, Gleicy Karine Nascimento de Araújo-Monteiro, Emanuella de Castro Marcolino, Bárbara Maria Lopes da Silva Brandão, Lindemberg Arruda Barbosa, Ronei Marcos de Moraes, Rafaella Queiroga Souto
    Cogitare Enfermagem.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • VIOLÊNCIA CONTRA PESSOA IDOSA: ANÁLISE DA CONSISTÊNCIA INTERNA DE INSTRUMENTOS*
    Renata Clemente dos Santos Rodrigues, Gleicy Karine Nascimento de Araújo-Monteiro, Emanuella de Castro Marcolino, Bárbara Maria Lopes da Silva Brandão, Lindemberg Arruda Barbosa, Ronei Marcos de Moraes, Rafaella Queiroga Souto
    Cogitare Enfermagem.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence patterns and associated factors of elder abuse in an urban slum of eastern India
    Pradnya Chandanshive, Sonu H. Subba, Swayam Pragyan Parida, Shree Mishra
    BMC Geriatrics.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A Community-Based Exploratory Cross-Sectional Study of Elder Abuse Perpetration or Victimization Among Elders in Ethiopia, 2022
    Asrat Wolde, Wadu Wolancho, Yeshitila Belay, Asamirew Alemu, Ashenaf Asefa, Tsehaye Gebremedhin
    Clinical Interventions in Aging.2022; Volume 17: 957.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of abuse among the elderly population of Syangja, Nepal
    Shiva Raj Acharya, B. K. Suman, Sandip Pahari, Yong Chul Shin, Deog Hwan Moon
    BMC Public Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Screening for elder abuse in geriatric outpatients: reliability and validity of the Iranian version Hwalek–Sengstock Elder Abuse Screening Test (H-S/EAST)
    Reyhaneh Aminalroaya, Mahtab Alizadeh-Khoei, Sakar Hormozi, Farshad Sharifi, Fahimeh Taati
    Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect.2020; 32(1): 84.     CrossRef
  • The prevalence and predictors of diabetes distress in elderly with type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Mojtaba Azadbakht, Parisa Taheri Tanjani, Reza Fadayevatan, Mahshid Froughan, Nasibeh Zanjari
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2020; 163: 108133.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and associated factors of elder psychological abuse- a cross- sectional screening study, based on a hospitalized community from Poland
    Karolina Filipska, Monika Biercewicz, Adam Wiśniewski, Kornelia Kędziora-Kornatowska, Robert Ślusarz
    Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics.2020; 90: 104152.     CrossRef
  • Screening for domestic abuse and its relationship with demographic variables among elderly individuals referred to primary health care centers of Shiraz in 2018
    Maryam Hazrati, Maryam Mashayekh, Nasrin Sharifi, Seyedeh Ameneh Motalebi
    BMC Geriatrics.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Violência contra mulheres idosas em Manaus
    Kennya Márcia dos Santos Mota Brito, Patricia Krieger Grossi, Márcio Lima Grossi
    Textos & Contextos (Porto Alegre).2020; 19(1): e37325.     CrossRef
An Epidemiological Survey on a Salmonella enteritidis Outbreak in Kyongju, Korea.
Mee Kyung Kim, Hyun Sul Lim, Cheol Jung, Gyoung Yim Ha
Korean J Epidemiol. 1998;20(2):187-201.
  • 5,755 View
  • 18 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract
This study was conducted to investigate the cause and magnitude of food poisoning among residents and visitors for a birthday party in a rural area of Kyongju city in september, 1996. The total subjects were 137 persons, 119 residents(53 males, 66 females), including 7 hospitalixed patients and 18 visitors(8 males, 10 females). The investigation consisted of an interview survey, a study on clinical characteristics for the patients hospitalized, bacteriological examinations of the underground water and microbiologic examinations on microbes isolated from the patients. The population at risk was 59 persons(24 males, 35 females). The attack rate was 50.0%(12 cases) for males, 48.6% for females(17 cases). The cases were distributed evenly for all age groups. The attack rates for each party-food and possible fooe groups were not significantly different. Most clinical symptoms were significantly more frequent among cases than non-ases: abdominal pain(73.1%), diarrhea(73.1%), chilliness(69.2%), fever(65.4%), anorexia(61.5%), nausea(53.8%), general weakness(50.0%) and dizziness(50.0%) were the major symptoms among the cases. The admission rate among the cases was 24.1%(1 male, 6 females). In the stool cultures, Salmonella species group D was isolated from 6 persons of 85 examinees. It was identified as Salmonella enteritidis by serological diagnosis. The samples of underground water were assessed Enon-compatible for drinking in 10 wells(83.3%) of this rural area and it was suggested that it could have been contaminated from cattle feces. There were two wells in the party house, one of them was contaminated by bacterias including E. coli. The contaminated water was stored in a water tank located on the rooftop. This water was used for dish washing and cooking. Wd concluded that the cause of this epidemic was the underground water contaminated by Salmonella enteritidis from guman carriers or domestic animal carriers.
Summary

Epidemiol Health : Epidemiology and Health