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Young Kwon Kim 1 Article
Prevalence of fungal infections using National Health Insurance data from 2009-2013, South Korea
Hee Jung Yoon, Hwa Young Choi, Young Kwon Kim, Yeong Jun Song, Moran Ki
Epidemiol Health. 2014;36:e2014017.   Published online September 11, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2014017
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AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
The symptoms of fungal infections vary from minor to severe. According to recent reports, fungal infection prevalence is increasing due to increases in the aging population and in patients with compromised immune systems. However, the total prevalence of fungal infections in South Korea is unknown. We investigated the recent 5-year prevalence of each type of fungal infection in South Korea across age, sex, and regional groups.
METHODS
Nationwide data from the National Health Insurance of South Korea were used. The target population included patients who had received treatment for a fungal infection that was listed as the main disease. For each patient, multiple treatments were counted as one case per year in the data analysis.
RESULTS
The annual prevalence of all-type mycoses increased from 6.9% in 2009 to 7.4% in 2013. Among the specific groups, the prevalence of dermatophytosis was highest (5.2%), followed by that of opportunistic mycoses (1.7%) and superficial mycoses (0.2%). The prevalence of subcutaneous mycoses and generalized mycoses was very low (8 cases per 100,000 persons and 3 cases per 1 million persons, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS
Every year, approximately 7.1% of the Korean population receives treatment for fungal diseases. Cases of opportunistic mycoses are assumed to increase each year. Therefore, further research is needed to understand and monitor the prevalence of mycoses to establish management policies to reduce the burden of fungal diseases.
Summary
Korean summary
2009-2013년도 한국의 건강보험자료를 활용하여 진균 종류별로 연령별, 성별, 지역별 유병률을 검토하였다. 그 결과 한국 인구의 약 7.1%가 매년 진균 질환으로 치료를 받고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 특히 기회감염 진균증의 연도별 증가 양상이 관찰되었다. 진균증 유병률에 대한 이해와 관심이 필요하며 이를 토대로 진균 질환 관리 정책 수립이 필요하다.
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