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Woorim Kim 1 Article
Does having various types of fear related to COVID-19 disrupt individuals’ daily life?: Findings from a nationwide survey in Korea
Woorim Kim, Yeong Jun Ju, Soon Young Lee
Epidemiol Health. 2022;44:e2022004.   Published online January 3, 2022
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AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
Unexpected changes in daily routines caused by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic may affect psychological health. This study investigated the association between various types of COVID-19-related fear and the subjective level of disturbance in daily activities experienced by individuals.
This cross-sectional study used the Korea Community Health Survey conducted from August through November 2020. COVID-19-related fear included fear of infection, death, public criticism, family members getting infected, and economic loss. The subjective level of disruption in daily activities was measured using a 0-100 numeric rating scale developed by the Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency. Multivariable linear regression was used to analyze the associations between the independent and dependent variables. A subgroup analysis was performed based on income level.
Participants who reported fear of infection (β=-3.37, p<0.001), death (β=-0.33, p=0.030), public criticism (β=-1.63, p<0.001), a family member getting infected (β=-1.03, p<0.001), and economic loss (β=-3.52, p<0.001) experienced more disturbances in daily activities. The magnitude of this association was most significant in the lowest-income group.
Individuals reporting COVID-19-related fear experienced higher levels of subjective disruption in daily activities.
Korean summary
이 연구는 COVID-19 팬데믹과 관련된 심리적염려가 일상생활 활동에 부정적인 영향을 줄 수 있음을 관찰하였다. COVID-19 감염으로 인한 감염, 사망, 대중의 비판, 가족 중 건강취약자의 감염, 경제적 손실에 대해 염려하는 사람은 그렇지 않은 사람에 비해 일상생활에 더 부정적인 영향을 받고 있는 것으로 관찰되었다. 특히 다양한 유형의 감염염려를 동시에 경험하고 있을수록 일상생활 지장 정도가 더 증가하는 경향이 관찰되었으며 소득수준이 낮을수록 부정적인 영향정도가 더 두드러졌다.
Key Message
Our results revealed that fear related to the COVID-19 pandemic was associated with increased levels of subjective disruptions in daily activities. Compared to individuals without fear, those with fears of COVID-19 infection, dying from infection, public criticism, a family member getting infected, and economic loss reported higher levels of disruption in daily activities. Those who reported fear of COVID-19 infection and economic loss due to infection had particularly higher levels of disturbances. Considering the various types of fear concurrently, the level of disruption experienced tended to increase with the number of reported fears.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Is fear of COVID-19 higher in individuals residing in more deprived areas? A nationwide study
    Woorim Kim, Soon Young Lee, Yeong Jun Ju
    Journal of Public Health.2023; 45(2): 402.     CrossRef
  • Association Between Changes in Family Life Due to COVID-19 and Depressive Mood and Stress Perception
    Min-Su Kim, Mi Ah Han, Jong Park, So Yeon Ryu
    Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health.2023; 35(1): 14.     CrossRef
  • Public perception of the appropriateness of COVID-19 management strategies and level of disturbances in daily activities: A focus on educational level
    Yeong Jun Ju, Woorim Kim, Soon Young Lee, Jordi Gumà
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(6): e0287143.     CrossRef

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