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BoYoung Bae 1 Article
Characteristics of depressive symptoms in middle-aged family members of dementia patients: 2017 Korea Community Health Survey
Jinbeom Park, Won-Chul Lee, Hyunsuk Jeong, Nayoung Hong, BoYoung Bae, Hyeon Woo Yim
Epidemiol Health. 2020;42:e2020031.   Published online May 15, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2020031
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Abstract
OBJECTIVES
The characteristics of depressive symptoms in the family members of home-dwelling patients with dementia have not been clearly reported. This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of depressive symptoms in middle-aged family members living with a patient with dementia.
METHODS
This study used the data from the nationwide 2017 Korea Community Health Survey. Among the 228,381 survey participants, 77,276 participants in their 40s and 50s were finally selected for this study. The participants consisted of 760 family members of home-dwelling dementia patients and 76,516 general family members comprising a control group.
RESULTS
The positive rate of Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9)-measured depressive symptoms was significantly higher in the family members of home-dwelling dementia patients (4.4%; control group: 1.9%). After adjusting for potential confounders, the prevalence of PHQ-measured depressive symptoms was 1.72 times (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03 to 2.85) higher in the family members of home-dwelling dementia patients compared to the control group. The positive rate of depressive symptoms was 2.26 times higher (95% CI, 1.26 to 4.05) in the female middle-aged family members of home-dwelling dementia patients compared to the control group. In addition, those who reported having symptoms almost every day in the PHQ-9 questions had significantly higher positive rates on questions about loss of interest, depression, sleep disturbance, fatigue, poor appetite, and suicidal ideation, and not on questions regarding feelings of worthlessness and psychomotor agitation, compared to the control group.
CONCLUSIONS
Active interventions are needed to relieve depression in the family members of home-dwelling dementia patients.
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Citations

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    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(6): 3477.     CrossRef
  • A Study on Complementary Policy to Enhance the Effectiveness of National Dementia Policy in Terms of Medical Services
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