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Epidemiology and Health 2022;e2022064.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2022064    [Accepted] Published online Aug 3, 2022.
Physical and mental health characteristics related to trust and intention toward COVID-19 vaccine: results from a community-based longitudinal study
Ye Jin Jeon1  , Youngrong Lee2  , Ji Su Yang1  , Young Su Park3  , Sun Jae Jung1,2 
1Department of Public Health, Graduate School, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea
2Department of Preventive Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
3Center for Arts and Humanities, Haverford College, Haverford, Haverford, United States
Correspondence  Sun Jae Jung ,Email: sunjaejung@yuhs.ac
Received: Feb 22, 2022  Accepted after revision: Aug 3, 2022
Abstract
Objectives:
To explore factors affecting attitudes toward COVID-19 vaccine, including sociodemographic characteristics and mental health status during the pandemic.
Method:
Participants totaled 1,768, and were originally included in a community cohort study who responded to three online surveys related to COVID-19 (March 2020–March 2021). The K-means method was used to cluster trust and intention toward the COVID-19 vaccine. Baseline (2013–2018) sociodemographic characteristics, physical health status, and depressive symptoms were analyzed as exposure variables, and current mental health status was included in the analyses.
Results:
Most participants were classified into the moderate trust and high intention cluster (838, 47.4%); those with high trust and high intention accounted only for 16.86%. They tended to be older, had high-income level, and regular physical activity at baseline (p < 0.05); their sleep quality and psychological resilience were relatively high, compared to other groups.
Conclusions:
Our results suggest that more efforts are required to enhance the need and trust of COVID-19 vaccines.
Keywords: COVID-19; Vaccine; Compliance; Public Health
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