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Epidemiol Health > Volume 43; 2021 > Article
Epidemiology and Health 2021;43: e2021094-0.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2021094    Published online Nov 6, 2021.
Misconceptions and stigma against people living with HIV/AIDS: a cross-sectional study from the 2017 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey
Desi Suantari 
Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, Sleman, Indonesia
Correspondence  Desi Suantari ,Email: desi.suantari@uin-suka.ac.id
Received: Aug 21, 2021  Accepted after revision: Nov 6, 2021
Abstract
OBJECTIVES:
Data are not available in Indonesia to measure the main indicators of zero new infections, zero acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related deaths and zero discrimination. This study aimed to determine factors related to misconceptions about human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission and the stigma against people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Indonesia
METHODS:
This cross-sectional study used secondary data from the 2017 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS). The sample was women and men aged 17-45 years and married (n=3,023).
RESULTS:
Education and wealth index quintile were significantly related to misconceptions about HIV transmission. Respondents with low levels of education were more likely to have misconceptions about HIV transmission. Respondents who were in the poorest, poorer, middle, and richer quintiles of the wealth index were more likely to have misconceptions about HIV transmission than those in the richest quintile. Educational level, employment status, and wealth index quintile were predictors of stigma against PLWHA.
CONCLUSIONS:
There are still many Indonesian people with misconceptions about HIV transmission and stigma against PLWHA. Future studies should focus on educational programs or interventions aimed at increasing public knowledge and awareness, promoting compassion towards PLWHA, and emphasizing respect for the rights of PLWHA. These interventions are particularly important for populations who are uneducated and living in poverty.
Keywords: Human immunodeficiency virus, Education, Knowledge, Indonesia


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