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Brief Communication
Relationship between shipping amounts of olive flounder aquacultured from Jejudo and the reported events of acute food poisoning by Kudoa septempunctata in 2015, South Korea: an ecological study
Jong-Myon Bae
Epidemiol Health. 2017;39:e2017041.   Published online September 6, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2017041
  • 12,405 View
  • 225 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
Confirmation of <i>Kudoa septempunctata</i> (<i>K. septempunctata</i>) as the pathogenic agent causing acute food poisoning remains under debate owing to inconsistencies in the reproducibility of experimental evidence. Higher intake of olive flounder infected with <i>K. septempunctata</i> would result in increased diagnosis of food poisoning by <i>K. septempunctata</i>, if the latter was one of the causal agents of acute food poisoning. The aim was to evaluate the relationship between the shipping amount of olive flounder aquacultured from Jejudo and the incidence of <i>K. septempunctata</i> food poisoning in 2015, Korea.
METHODS
Data of shipping amounts between March 2014 and February 2016 and of monthly reported events of <i>Kudoa</i> food poisoning were taken from Jejudo Fish-Culture Fisheries Cooperatives and Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, respectively. Non-parametric correlation analyses were conducted.
RESULTS
Shipping amounts indicated the seasonal changes according to variation of consumption. Spearman’s rho and Kendall’s tau-a between the monthly shipping amounts and the reported events in 2015 were 0.39 (p=0.21) and 0.27 (p=0.20), respectively.
CONCLUSIONS
An independent relationship was noted between the shipping amount and the reported events, which contrasted with the claim that the virulence of <i>K. septempunctata</i> caused acute food poisoning.
Summary
Korean summary
질병관리본부가 보고한 2015년도 쿠도아 식중독 발생 사례의 월별 분포와, 같은 기간에 제주도 수산협동조합이 국내 시장에 제공한 출하량 간의 상관성 (correlation)을 알아보았을 때, 유의한 관련성이 없었다. 이는 칠성 쿠도아충이 급성식중독을 일으킨다는 주장을 의심케 하는 근거의 하나이다.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • An update of the species of Myxosporea (Cnidaria, Myxozoa) described from Indian fish
    Jorge C. Eiras, Gyan Deb Barman, Sukanya Chanda, Ashis Kumar Panigrahi
    Journal of Parasitic Diseases.2023; 47(1): 12.     CrossRef
  • Additional experimental and epidemiologic studies for evaluating pathogenecity of Kudoa septempunctata should be needed
    Jong-Myon Bae
    International Journal of Food Microbiology.2018; 266: 222.     CrossRef
Epidemiologic Investigation
Analysis of Kudoa septempunctata as a cause of foodborne illness and its associated differential diagnosis
Sung Uk Lee
Epidemiol Health. 2017;39:e2017014.   Published online March 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2017014
  • 14,126 View
  • 272 Download
  • 6 Web of Science
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
Recently <i>kudoa septempuctata</i> in olive flounders is suggested as a cause of food poisoning, however whether <i>kudoa septempuctata</i> can affect human gastrointestinal systems is controversial and its pathogenecity remains unclear. In view of the field epidemiology, food poisonings caused by <i>kudoa septempuctata</i> should be distinguished from those caused by staphylococcus aureus and bacillus cereus.
METHODS
The statistics of food poisoning investigations published by Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2013-2015 were reviewed. The characteristics of <i>kudoa septempuctata</i> food poisoning reported by Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention were reviewed. Information regarding clinical symptoms or epidemiology was extracted.
RESULTS
Total eleven <i>kudoa septempuctata</i> food poisoning cases were analyzed. Food poisonings caused by <i>kudoa septempuctata</i>, staphylococcus aureus and bacillus cereus have clinical and epidemiological similarities. Forty five percent of food poisoning outbreaks occurred in Korea was concluded as unknown. The food poisoning caused by staphylococcus aureus and bacillus cereus accounted for 4.5% (50/1,092) of all food poisoning outbreaks in Korea between 2013 and 2015.
CONCLUSIONS
This study suggests the possibilities of misdiagnosis in the investigations of food poisoning by staphylococcus aureus and bacillus cereus with <i>kudoa septempuctata</i>.
Summary
Korean summary
최근 광어 섭취 후 발생한 식중독의 한 원인으로 쿠도아충이 지목되고 있다. 하지만 쿠도아충에 의한 식중독은 인체 감염에 대한 근거가 부족하고, 황색포도알균이나 바실루스 세레우스 식중독과 감별이 어려워 진단에 있어 주의를 요한다.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Molecular detection and genotype analysis of Kudoa septempunctata from food poisoning outbreaks in Korea
    Gyung-Hye Sung, In-Ji Park, Hee-Soo Koo, Eun-Hee Park, Mi-Ok Lee
    Parasites, Hosts and Diseases.2023; 61(1): 15.     CrossRef
  • Cereulide Exposure Caused Cytopathogenic Damages of Liver and Kidney in Mice
    Danyang Li, Ruqin Lin, Yangyang Xu, Qingmei Chen, Fengru Deng, Yiqun Deng, Jikai Wen
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2021; 22(17): 9148.     CrossRef
  • Two novel myxosporean parasites in Black Sea fishes: Kudoa niluferi sp. nov. and Kudoa anatolica sp. nov. (Cnidaria: Myxosporea)
    A Özer, S Okkay, CT Gürkanlı, Y Çiftçi, V Yurakhno
    Diseases of Aquatic Organisms.2018; 128(3): 225.     CrossRef
  • Foodborne Illness Outbreaks in Gyeonggi Province, Korea, Following Seafood Consumption Potentially Caused by <italic>Kudoa septempunctata</italic> between 2015 and 2016
    Joon Jai Kim, Sukhyun Ryu, Heeyoung Lee
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2018; 9(2): 66.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of Kudoa septempunctata as a cause of foodborne illness and its associated differential diagnosis
    Ji-Hyuk Park
    Epidemiology and Health.2017; 39: e2017037.     CrossRef
  • Relationship between shipping amounts of olive flounder aquacultured from Jejudo and the reported events of acute food poisoning by Kudoa septempunctata in 2015, South Korea: an ecological study
    Jong-Myon Bae
    Epidemiology and Health.2017; 39: e2017041.     CrossRef
Perspective
Is there evidence that Kudoa septempunctata can cause an outbreak of acute food poisoning?
Young-Bae Chung, Jong-Myon Bae
Epidemiol Health. 2017;39:e2017004.   Published online January 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2017004
  • 17,759 View
  • 344 Download
  • 9 Web of Science
  • 10 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Abstract
After publishing results of a study that revealed diarrheagenic and emetic activity in 4-5-day old mice infected with <i>Kudoa septempunctata</i> (<i>K. septempunctata</i>) spores, the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported 11 events of “<i>Kudoa</i> food poisoning” in 2015. The epidemiological design of the previous study was descriptive rather than analytical; therefore, this study aimed to further investigate the pathogenicity of <i>K. septempunctata</i>. Academic articles showing evidence of the pathogenicity of <i>K. septempunctata</i> were searched via PubMed using the citation discovery tool. Information regarding the kinds of experimental animals and inoculum spores used, as well as study results were extracted. Four articles evaluating the pathogenicity of Myxospran parasites were selected; the first article suggested the pathogenicity of <i>K. septempunctata</i>, while the remaining three articles reported no abnormal symptoms or histopathologic changes. Our findings indicate that there is weak evidence supporting the pathogenicity of <i>K. septempunctata</i>. Further studies evaluating the pathogenicity of <i>K. septempunctata</i> are needed urgently.
Summary
Korean summary
“질병관리본부는 2015년 쿠도아충 환자 사례조사 (cases reports)를 발표하였다. 제주산 광어에서 발견되는 칠성쿠도아충이 급성 식중독을 일으키는 병인 원충이라는 주장과 관련한 병인성 (pathogenicity) 근거들을 정리한 결과 실험실적 근거에 일관성이 없었다. 이렇게 실험실적 근거가 불충분한 상황에서, 오직 환자사례 결과들만으로 칠성쿠도아충을 급성식중독의 역학적 인과성 (epidemiologic causality)을 부여하는 것은 과학적 타당성이 떨어진다.”

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Molecular detection and genotype analysis of Kudoa septempunctata from food poisoning outbreaks in Korea
    Gyung-Hye Sung, In-Ji Park, Hee-Soo Koo, Eun-Hee Park, Mi-Ok Lee
    Parasites, Hosts and Diseases.2023; 61(1): 15.     CrossRef
  • Detection and characterization of Kudoa thunni from uncooked yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) in Southeast Asia
    Truong Dinh Hoai, Doan Thi Nhinh, Nguyen Thi Huong Giang, Saengchan Senapin, Ha Thanh Dong
    Parasitology International.2022; 87: 102536.     CrossRef
  • Morphometric and molecular characterization of Kudoa encrasicoli n. sp. (Myxozoa: Myxosporea) from the European anchovy, Engraulis encrasicolus (L.) (Clupeiformes: Engraulidae)
    Raúl Iglesias, Luís Filipe Rangel, Fabio Fernández-Vázquez, Maria João Santos, José M. García-Estévez
    Systematic Parasitology.2022; 99(5): 621.     CrossRef
  • Immune-triggering effect of the foodborne parasite Kudoa septempunctata through the C-type lectin Mincle in HT29 cells
    Ji-Hun Shin, Jung-Pyo Yang, Seung-Hwan Seo, Sang-Gyun Kim, Eun-Min Kim, Do-Won Ham, Eun-Hee Shin
    BMB Reports.2020; 53(9): 478.     CrossRef
  • First report of Myxobolus (Cnidaria: Myxozoa) spores in human feces in Brazil
    Lisiane Lappe dos REIS, Lucas Carvalho de JESUS, Ormezinda Celeste Christo FERNANDES, David Eduardo BARROSO
    Acta Amazonica.2019; 49(2): 162.     CrossRef
  • Additional experimental and epidemiologic studies for evaluating pathogenecity of Kudoa septempunctata should be needed
    Jong-Myon Bae
    International Journal of Food Microbiology.2018; 266: 222.     CrossRef
  • Foodborne Illness Outbreaks in Gyeonggi Province, Korea, Following Seafood Consumption Potentially Caused by <italic>Kudoa septempunctata</italic> between 2015 and 2016
    Joon Jai Kim, Sukhyun Ryu, Heeyoung Lee
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2018; 9(2): 66.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of Kudoa septempunctata as a cause of foodborne illness and its associated differential diagnosis
    Sung Uk Lee
    Epidemiology and Health.2017; 39: e2017014.     CrossRef
  • Production of a novel monoclonal antibody applicable for an immunochromatographic assay for Kudoa septempunctata spores contaminating the raw olive flounder ( Paralichthys olivaceus )
    Michio Jinnai, Takao Kawai, Tetsuya Harada, Yasutaka Nishiyama, Hiroshi Yokoyama, Sho Shirakashi, Hiroshi Sato, Junko Sakata, Yuko Kumeda, Yutaka Fukuda, Kikuyo Ogata, Kentaro Kawatsu
    International Journal of Food Microbiology.2017; 259: 59.     CrossRef
  • Relationship between shipping amounts of olive flounder aquacultured from Jejudo and the reported events of acute food poisoning by Kudoa septempunctata in 2015, South Korea: an ecological study
    Jong-Myon Bae
    Epidemiology and Health.2017; 39: e2017041.     CrossRef

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