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3 "Depressive disorder"
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Original Articles
Associations of depression and anxiety with cardiovascular risk among people living with HIV/AIDS in Korea
Kyong Sil Park, Seon Young Hwang, Bo Youl Choi, June Kim, Sang Il Kim, Woo-Joo Kim, Chun Kang
Epidemiol Health. 2021;43:e2021002.   Published online December 24, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2021002
  • 11,114 View
  • 376 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
As HIV/AIDS is becoming a chronic disease, the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) among people living with HIV/AIDS is rising. Anxiety and depression, which are common among people living with HIV/AIDS, have been linked with CVD. This study investigated the risk of CVD in people living with HIV/AIDS and explored the effects of depression and anxiety on CVD risk.
METHODS
Data were collected for 457 people enrolled in the Korea Cohort HIV/AIDS study after 2010. Framingham risk scores were calculated to quantify the 10-year risk of developing CVD. Depression and anxiety variables were re-coded as a single combined variable. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed, adjusting for age, body mass index, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides (TG), duration of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positivity after entry into the cohort, and depression/anxiety.
RESULTS
Participants with both depression and anxiety were 2.28 times more likely than those with neither depression nor anxiety to have moderate/high-risk CVD risk. The 10-year risk of developing CVD was affected by LDL cholesterol, TG, age, and duration of HIV infection. LDL cholesterol and TG levels change according to the duration of HIV infection, and metabolic disorders affect the risk of CVD. Thus, a longer duration of HIV infection is associated with a higher risk of developing CVD.
CONCLUSIONS
Screenings for depression and anxiety need to be provided regularly to assess the severity of those symptoms. To help decrease their risk of developing CVD, people living with HIV/AIDS should be offered behavioral modification interventions aimed at developing healthy lifestyle habits.
Summary
Korean summary
본 연구를 통해 우울과 불안이 심혈관질환 발생위험을 증가시키는 영향요인임을 확인하였다. 따라서, HIV 감염자의 우울과 불안에 대한 정기적인 검사 및 상담이 필요하며, 우울 또는 불안한 환자의 심혈관질환의 발병 위험을 줄이기위해 좋은 생활 습관을 위한 행동 수정 및 동기 부여 교육프로그램의 개발이 필요하다.
Key Message
healthcare providers need to provide motivational education for behavioral modifications to decrease patients’ risk of developing CVD, especially among those with depression or anxiety symptoms.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Comorbidities among persons living with HIV (PLWH) in Florida: a network analysis
    Shyfuddin Ahmed, Angel B. Algarin, Hsu Thadar, Zhi Zhou, Tanjila Taskin, Krishna Vaddiparti, Karina Villalba, Yan Wang, Nicole Ennis, Jamie P. Morano, Charurut Somboonwit, Robert L Cook, Gladys E. Ibañez
    AIDS Care.2023; 35(7): 1055.     CrossRef
  • Elevated frequency and everyday functioning implications of vascular depression in persons with HIV disease
    Ilex Beltran-Najera, Andrea Mustafa, Desmond Warren, Zach Salling, Maria Misiura, Steven Paul Woods, Vonetta M. Dotson
    Journal of Psychiatric Research.2023; 160: 78.     CrossRef
  • MENTE X CORAÇÃO: AS DOENÇAS PSIQUICAS E AS CONSENQUÊNCIAS CARDIOVASCULARES: UMA REVISÃO DA LITERATURA
    Beatriz da Silva Araújo, Morgana Gonçalves da Silva
    Revista interdisciplinar em saúde.2021; 8(Único): 292.     CrossRef
Analysis of the relationship between community characteristics and depression using geographically weighted regression
Hyungyun Choi, Ho Kim
Epidemiol Health. 2017;39:e2017025.   Published online June 21, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2017025
  • 13,316 View
  • 235 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
Achieving national health equity is currently a pressing issue. Large regional variations in the health determinants are observed. Depression, one of the most common mental disorders, has large variations in incidence among different populations, and thus must be regionally analyzed. The present study aimed at analyzing regional disparities in depressive symptoms and identifying the health determinants that require regional interventions.
METHODS
Using health indicators of depression in the Korea Community Health Survey 2011 and 2013, the Moran’s I was calculated for each variable to assess spatial autocorrelation, and a validated geographically weighted regression analysis using ArcGIS version 10.1 of different domains: health behavior, morbidity, and the social and physical environments were created, and the final model included a combination of significant variables in these models.
RESULTS
In the health behavior domain, the weekly breakfast intake frequency of 1-2 times was the most significantly correlated with depression in all regions, followed by exposure to secondhand smoke and the level of perceived stress in some regions. In the morbidity domain, the rate of lifetime diagnosis of myocardial infarction was the most significantly correlated with depression. In the social and physical environment domain, the trust environment within the local community was highly correlated with depression, showing that lower the level of trust, higher was the level of depression. A final model was constructed and analyzed using highly influential variables from each domain. The models were divided into two groups according to the significance of correlation of each variable with the experience of depression symptoms.
CONCLUSIONS
The indicators of the regional health status are significantly associated with the incidence of depressive symptoms within a region. The significance of this correlation varied across regions.
Summary
Korean summary
정신질환 중 가장 흔한 우울증의 경우 집단의 특성 간 발생 현황에 차이를 보이고 있어 지역별 접근을 통한 연구가 요구됨에 따라 본 연구에서는 우울증의 지역적 변이요인을 분석하여 지역별 중재가 필요한 건강결정요인을 파악하고자 지역사회건강조사 자료를 이용하여 공간적 지리가중회귀분석을 시행하였다. 본 연구를 통해 지역단위보건관련지표는 지역의 우울증 발생과 유의미한 연관성이 있으며 연관성 우선순위는 지역별 차이가 있음이 밝혀졌다. 지역적 특성에 따른 우선순위를 제시하였음에 본 연구의 의의가 있으며 공중 보건 영역의 다른 사례에 본 연구방법론 및 연구결과 제시 방안을 적용함에 따라 지역의 건강수준향상 프로그램 개발에 유용한 기초자료의 제공을 기대할 수 있다.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A geographically weighted artificial neural network
    Julian Hagenauer, Marco Helbich
    International Journal of Geographical Information Science.2022; 36(2): 215.     CrossRef
  • Spatial Dependence in Local Suicide Ideation and Actual Suicide among the Elderly: A Comparative Study between Men and Women
    Taewan Kim, Hee-Jung Jun
    Journal of Korea Planning Association.2021; 56(4): 49.     CrossRef
  • Geographic Disparities in Stress Levels during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Kuwait
    Mohammad Alnasrallah, Ibrahim Alshehab
    Papers in Applied Geography.2020; 6(4): 449.     CrossRef
  • Visual Analysis of Regional Variations in Antidepressant Use and Suicide Rate
    Ho-Jung Kim, Iyn-Hyang Lee
    Korean Journal of Clinical Pharmacy.2018; 28(4): 308.     CrossRef
Multicenter Study
Characteristics of major depressive disorder according to family history of depression : A CRESCEND-K (Clinical Research Center for Depression in Korea) study.
Seunghee Jeong, Hyeon Woo Yim, Youngeun Jung, Sunjin Jo, Taeyoun Jun, Sung Won Jung, Minsoo Lee, Jaemin Kim
Korean J Epidemiol. 2008;30(2):272-280.   Published online December 31, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/kje.2008.30.2.272
  • 8,500 View
  • 43 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract
PURPOSE
People with a family history of mood disorder are more likely to have depression. This study compared the characteristics of non-psychotic major depression disorder according to family history of depression.
METHOD
Subjects were total of 817 persons recruited for the CRESCEND-K multicenter trial. Characteristics of depression and suicide history of patients with and without a family history of depression were assessed. Family history was determined through self-report.
RESULTS
Of 817 participants, 12.4% had a positive family history of depression. Those with family history of depression reported an earlier age at onset of MDD, and more psychiatric comorbidity. Severity of depression and anxiety were not different according to family history of depression. There were no difference in attempted suicide history, number of attempted suicide and age at onset of 1st attempted suicide according to such a family history.
CONCLUSION
Patients with family history of depression reported earlier onset of MDD and more history of psychiatric comorbidity.
Summary

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The Associations between Social Support, Health-Related Behaviors, Socioeconomic Status and Depression in Medical Students
    Yoolwon Jeong, Jin Young Kim, Jae Seon Ryu, Ko eun Lee, Eun Hee Ha, Hyesook Park
    Epidemiology and Health.2010; 32: e2010009.     CrossRef

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