Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

Epidemiol Health : Epidemiology and Health



Page Path
HOME > Search
1 "Seungmin Jeong"
Article category
Publication year
Original Article
Effects of living alone versus with others and of housemate type on smoking, drinking, dietary habits, and physical activity among elderly people
Seungmin Jeong, Sung il Cho
Epidemiol Health. 2017;39:e2017034.   Published online August 6, 2017
  • 12,341 View
  • 246 Download
  • 18 Web of Science
  • 20 Crossref
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
This study examined differences in health behaviors between elderly people living alone and with others; it also investigated whether the effect of living with others differs according to housemate type, namely a spouse and/or younger generations.
Gender-stratified data from the 2013 Korea Community Health Survey for individuals aged 60 to 74 living in Seoul were analyzed. Logistic regression modeling was conducted to obtain odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of the outcome variables (smoking, drinking, eating salty foods, inactive lifestyle) for the variables of interest (living alone/with others, housemate type). Models were adjusted for confounding variables including history of medical conditions, employment type, and adjusted household income.
Analysis involved 1,814 men and 2,199 women. Risk of smoking was 1.80 times (95% CI, 1.21 to 2.67) higher for men living alone than living with others. Risk of eating salty foods was 0.78 times lower (95% CI, 0.62 to 0.98) for men living with a spouse than a spouse and younger generations. Risk of inactive lifestyle was 1.47 times higher (95% CI, 1.13 to 1.92) for women living alone. Risk of smoking was higher for women living alone (OR, 1.41; 95% CI, 1.03 to 1.92) or with younger generations (OR, 9.12; 95% CI, 2.04 to 40.80) than with a spouse and younger generations.
Living alone was associated with smoking in men and physical activity in women; housemate type was associated with dietary habits in men and smoking in women. These gender-specific findings can help identify groups of individuals vulnerable to risky health behaviors and to develop policies.
Korean summary
서울시의 60-74세 노인 남성 1,814명, 여성 2,199명을 대상으로, 노인의 독거 여부와 동거인의 유형이 흡연, 음주, 짜게 먹는 습관, 신체 활동 등 건강 행태에 미치는지 분석한 결과, 독거가 남성의 흡연 및 여성의 신체활동과 연관이 있는 것으로 나타났으며, 동거인의 유형이 남성의 짜게 먹는 습관 및 여성의 흡연과 연관이 있는 것으로 나타났다. 이 결과를 바탕으로 성특이적으로 나타난 노인의 건강 행태를 개선하기 위해 적극적으로 생활 행태를 교정할 수 있도록 영향을 주려는 정책을 만들어야 할 것이다.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Association between living alone and all-cause mortality of young and middle-aged patients with acute myocardial infarction: analysis of the China Acute Myocardial Infarction (CAMI) registry
    Yu Jiang, Jin-Gang Yang, Hai-Yan Qian, Yue-Jin Yang
    BMC Public Health.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • 1인가구의 사회적 고립과 우울의 연관성
    민지 황, 명 기
    Public Health Weekly Report.2024; 17(10): 383.     CrossRef
  • Living alone and all-cause mortality in community-dwelling older adults: The moderating role of perceived neighborhood cohesion
    Yanping Jiang, Mengting Li, Tammy Chung
    Social Science & Medicine.2023; 317: 115568.     CrossRef
  • Living Alone Increases the Risk of Hypertension in Older Chinese Adults: A Population-Based Longitudinal Study
    Xiang Wang, Xiangyang Yuan, Bin Xia, Quan He, Wei Jie, Miao Dai, Nancy W Glynn
    Innovation in Aging.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Physicians, pharmacists, and dentists’ knowledge and attitudes toward the use of electronic cigarettes
    Haneen Mohammad, Sally Nassrawin, Ahmad Alhyasat, Suha AlMuhaissen
    Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health.2023; 24: 101443.     CrossRef
  • Changes in life satisfaction among middle-aged adults living alone over a 12-year span
    Jaehee Yoon, Jeewuan Kim, Joohyun Chung, Heesook Son, Christiane Schwieren
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(12): e0295895.     CrossRef
  • Interactive effect of socio-eco-demographic characteristics and perceived physical activity barriers on physical activity level among older adults
    Hamid Arazi, Mani Izadi, Hadis Kabirian
    European Review of Aging and Physical Activity.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Factors associated with long-term smoking relapse in those who succeeded in smoking cessation using regional smoking cessation programs
    Seung Hun Lee, Yu Hyeon Yi, Young In Lee, Hyo Young Lee, Kyoung-Min Lim
    Medicine.2022; 101(31): e29595.     CrossRef
  • Living alone and all-cause mortality in community-dwelling adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Yunli Zhao, Gordon Guyatt, Ya Gao, Qiukui Hao, Ream Abdullah, John Basmaji, Farid Foroutan
    eClinicalMedicine.2022; 54: 101677.     CrossRef
  • Effect of the Information Support Robot on the Daily Activity of Older People Living Alone in Actual Living Environment
    Jumpei Mizuno, Daisuke Saito, Ken Sadohara, Misato Nihei, Shinichi Ohnaka, Jun Suzurikawa, Takenobu Inoue
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(5): 2498.     CrossRef
  • Factors influencing the perceived health status of older adults living alone based on the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2016-2018)
    Mi-So Shim, Youngin Kim, Minkyung Park, Gwang Suk Kim
    Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics.2021; 96: 104433.     CrossRef
  • Relationship between Eating Behavior and Healthy Eating Competency of Single-Person and Multi-Person Households by Age Group
    Seung-Hee Hong, Ji-Myung Kim
    Korean Journal of Community Nutrition.2021; 26(5): 337.     CrossRef
  • Emergency hospital admissions among older adults living alone in the community
    Jon Barrenetxea, Kelvin Bryan Tan, Rachel Tong, Kevin Chua, Qiushi Feng, Woon-Puay Koh, Cynthia Chen
    BMC Health Services Research.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Associations among work-related stress and mental fatigue, and regular exercise in Japanese employees with or without diabetes
    Akiko Morimoto, Soichiro Watanabe, Yuko Ohno, Kayo Godai, Chieko Hatamochi, Yoshie Sugimoto, Satoko Okawa, Maiko Shikama, Nao Sonoda
    Diabetology International.2020; 11(2): 105.     CrossRef
  • The SmoCar Study: A Caribbean-Based Multicenter Study on the Prevalence and Disparities Linked to Smoking and Gingival Health
    Arvind Babu R. Santosh, James R. Collins, Thaon Jones, Michael Brache, Milagros Toro, Sona Tumanyan, Christine Walters, Sharon White, Augusto Elias-Boneta
    International Quarterly of Community Health Education.2020; 40(4): 321.     CrossRef
  • Living alone and risk of dementia: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Roopal Desai, Amber John, Joshua Stott, Georgina Charlesworth
    Ageing Research Reviews.2020; 62: 101122.     CrossRef
  • Associations between Living Alone and Smoking and Alcohol Consumption in Korean Adults
    Sang-Woo Lee, Byoungduck Han, Sung Jung Cho, Seung Jin Jung, Youn Huh, Junghun Kim, Do Hyun Eum, Taeryoon Kim, Soon-Hong Min, Woohyun Lee, Jinhee Cho, Min Hee Kwon, Ga Eun Nam
    Korean Journal of Family Medicine.2020; 41(5): 306.     CrossRef
  • A Multi-Disciplinary Study Into the Drivers of Smoking Cessation in South Korea
    James E. Prieger, Anna Choi
    SSRN Electronic Journal.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Influence of Living Arrangements and Eating Behavior on the Risk of Metabolic Syndrome: A National Cross-Sectional Study in South Korea
    Heesook Son, Hyerang Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2019; 16(6): 919.     CrossRef
  • Relationship between living alone and common mental disorders in the 1993, 2000 and 2007 National Psychiatric Morbidity Surveys
    Louis Jacob, Josep Maria Haro, Ai Koyanagi, Soraya Seedat
    PLOS ONE.2019; 14(5): e0215182.     CrossRef

Epidemiol Health : Epidemiology and Health