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Sang Hyeon Jang 1 Article
The Validity and Reliability of Characterizing Epilepsy Based on an External Review of Medical Records
Bong Su Kang, Hae-Kwan Cheong, Ki-Young Jung, Sang Hyeon Jang, Jae Kook Yoo, Dong Wook Kim, Soo-Eun Chung, Seo-Young Lee
Epidemiol Health. 2013;35:e2013006.   Published online August 23, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2013006
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  • 9 Citations
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Abstract
OBJECTIVES

Our goal is to validate diagnosing and characterizing epilepsy based on a medical record survey by external reviewers.

METHODS

We reviewed medical records from 80 patients who received antiepileptic drugs in 2009 at two hospitals. The study consisted of two steps; data abstraction by certified health record administrators and then verification by the investigators. The gold standard was the results of the survey performed by the epileptologists from their own hospital.

RESULTS

The specificity was more than 90.0% for diagnosis and activity, and for new-onset seizures. The sensitivity was 97.0% or more for diagnosis and activity and 66.7-75.0% for new-onset epilepsy. This method accurately classified epileptic syndromes in 90.2-92.9% of patients, causes in 85.4-92.7%, and age of onset in 78.0-81.0%. Kappa statistics for inter-rater reliability and test-retest reliability ranged from 0.641-0.975, which means substantial to near-perfect agreement in all items.

CONCLUSIONS

Our data suggest that epilepsy can be well identified by external review of medical records. This method may be useful as a basis for large-scale epidemiological research.

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Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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  • Estimating the Prevalence of Treated Epilepsy Using Administrative Health Data and Its Validity: ESSENCE Study
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    Journal of Clinical Neurology.2016; 12(4): 434.     CrossRef
  • Early Antiretroviral Therapy Is Protective Against Epilepsy in Children With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in Botswana
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  • Clinical characteristics of patients with treated epilepsy in Korea: A nationwide epidemiologic study
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    Epilepsia.2014; 55(1): 67.     CrossRef

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