Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

Epidemiol Health : Epidemiology and Health


Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse articles > Author index
Mohtasham Ghaffari 1 Article
A systematic review of barriers and motivators to physical activity in elderly adults in Iran and worldwide
Soudabeh Yarmohammadi, Hossein Mozafar Saadati, Mohtasham Ghaffari, Ali Ramezankhani
Epidemiol Health. 2019;41:e2019049.   Published online November 29, 2019
  • 18,734 View
  • 443 Download
  • 47 Web of Science
  • 56 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
This study was conducted to identify and characterize the barriers and motivations to physical activity (PA) for elderly adults in Iran and other countries.
We searched 6 databases (PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, Magiran, and the Scientific Information Database) from 2000 to the November 2017, using “aged 60 and over,” “physical activity” or “exercise,” and “motivator” and “barrier” as keywords. Two reviewers independently performed the search, screening, and quality assessment of the studies.
In total, 34 papers were finally included in the study. The most important barriers, based on the frequency of factors, included physical problems, having no companions, and physical barriers to walking. The motivators included improving one’s physical condition, being social, and suitability of the physical environment.
Important motivators and barriers to PA were more closely related to intrapersonal factors than to the interpersonal and environmental domains. The barriers and motivators to PA in the elderly were not markedly different between Iran and other countries. Therefore, a general strategy could be designed to improve PA in the elderly.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Electronic Wearable Device Use for Physical Activity in Older Adults: A Qualitative Study
    Mengchi Li, Miranda V McPhillips, Sarah L Szanton, Jennifer Wenzel, Junxin Li, Bo Xie
    Work, Aging and Retirement.2024; 10(1): 25.     CrossRef
  • Feasibility of digital technology-supported home exercise intervention for health promotion in community-dwelling older adults: A pilot randomized controlled trial
    Ji Young Lim, Heeju Yu, Yeah Eun Kwon, Jong Geol Do, Ji Hye Hwang
    Heliyon.2024; 10(3): e24933.     CrossRef
  • Checklist for Habitual Physical Activity (CHaPA) for adults 75 years and older: tool development and content and face validation
    Kuniko Arita, Yu Ishibashi, Hitomi Ishibashi
    Psychogeriatrics.2024; 24(2): 355.     CrossRef
  • The Impact of an Outdoor Motor–Cognitive Exercise Programme on the Health Outcomes of Older Adults in Community Settings: A Pilot and Feasibility Study
    Katharina Zwingmann, Torsten Schlesinger, Katrin Müller
    Sports.2024; 12(2): 49.     CrossRef
  • Physical activity perceptions and experiences of BAME Teesside University students during the COVID-19 pandemic: a qualitative study
    Johnson Mbabazi, Fiona MacGregor, Jeff Breckon, Barry Tolchard, Edward Kunonga, Dorothy Irene Nalweyiso, Abiola Fashina, Lawrence Achilles Nnyanzi
    Cogent Public Health.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Inclusion of the Marginalized: The Case of Sport Participation
    Susen Lange, Gideon Bolt, Steven Vos, Beate Völker
    Journal of Global Sport Management.2024; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Effect of the Occupational Engagement Home Program (MyHOeME©) for Older Persons in the Community
    Akehsan Dahlan, Harnisha Haidhir, Tengku Mohd Asri Tengku Makhtar , Muhammad Hidayat Sahid
    Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal.2024; 9(27): 107.     CrossRef
  • Social participation, loneliness, and physical inactivity over time: evidence from SHARE
    Zaira Torres, José M. Tomás, Trinidad Sentandreu-Mañó, Irene Fernández, Nuria Pla-Sanz
    International Psychogeriatrics.2024; : 1.     CrossRef
  • A Two-Phased Pilot Study Evaluating the Feasibility and Acceptability of the Cognitively Enriched Walking Program “Take a Walk with Your Brain” for Older Adults
    Pauline Hotterbeex, Melanie Beeckman, Pieter-Jan Marent, Julie Latomme, Fien De Block, Lauren De Baets, Sebastien Chastin, Greet Cardon, Jannique G. Z. van Uffelen, Jong In Kim
    Journal of Aging Research.2024; 2024: 1.     CrossRef
  • “Now I Am Walking Toward Health”: A Qualitative Study About the Outcomes of Physical Activity Participation That Matter to Older Adults
    Peter J. Young, Christine Wallsworth, Hitika Gosal, Dawn C. Mackey
    Journal of Aging and Physical Activity.2024; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Experiences of older adults leisure-time physical activity in aquatic and leisure facilities
    Michael Butson, Ruth Jeanes, Justen O’Connor
    World Leisure Journal.2024; : 1.     CrossRef
  • A randomized, controlled clinical trial demonstrates improved owner-assessed cognitive function in senior dogs receiving a senolytic and NAD+ precursor combination
    Katherine E. Simon, Katharine Russell, Alejandra Mondino, Chin-Chieh Yang, Beth C. Case, Zachary Anderson, Christine Whitley, Emily Griffith, Margaret E. Gruen, Natasha J. Olby
    Scientific Reports.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Physical activity pattern in Iran: Findings from STEPS 2021
    Seyed Aria Nejadghaderi, Naser Ahmadi, Mohammad-Mahdi Rashidi, Ali Ghanbari, Maryam Noori, Mohsen Abbasi-Kangevari, Maryam Nasserinejad, Negar Rezaei, Moein Yoosefi, Nima Fattahi, Erfan Ghasemi, Yosef Farzi, Elham Abdolhamidi, Mahbobeh Darman, Shirin Djal
    Frontiers in Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Comment on “Adherence, safety and potential effectiveness of a home‐based Radio‐Taiso exercise program in older adults with frailty: A pilot randomized controlled trial”
    Parmida Sadat Pezeshki
    Geriatrics & Gerontology International.2023; 23(2): 157.     CrossRef
  • Psychometric properties of the Barriers Self-Efficacy Scale for Physical Activity–Korean
    Jung-Suk Kim, Chun-Ja Kim, Elizabeth A. Schlenk
    Archives of Psychiatric Nursing.2023; 43: 29.     CrossRef
  • Differential Patterns in Motivations for Practicing Sport and Their Effects on Physical Activity Engagement across the Lifespan
    Marcelo de Maio Nascimento, Élvio Rúbio Gouveia, Bruna R. Gouveia, Adilson Marques, Cíntia França, Pedro Campos, Francisco Martins, Jesús García-Mayor, Andreas Ihle
    Healthcare.2023; 11(2): 274.     CrossRef
  • Factors Related to Physical Activity among Older Adults Who Relocated to a New Community after the Kumamoto Earthquake: A Study from the Viewpoint of Social Capital
    Yumie Kanamori, Ayako Ide-Okochi, Tomonori Samiso
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2023; 20(5): 3995.     CrossRef
  • Active or Passive Aging? Analysis of Selected Socioeconomic Factors in the Polish Population
    Elżbieta Biernat, Justyna Krzepota, Dorota Sadowska
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2023; 20(6): 4683.     CrossRef
  • Socioeconomic inequities and barriers to physical activity in Argentina
    Maximiliano Ezequiel Arlettaz, Gimena Ramos
    Preventive Medicine.2023; 173: 107555.     CrossRef
  • Challenges of Implemention and Developing of Telehomecare: A Qualitative Study
    Motahhareh Khorshidzadeh, Mohammad Dehghani
    Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Perceived barriers to maintain physical activity and its association to mental health status of Bangladeshi adults: a quantile regression approach
    A. B. M. Nahid Hasan, Azaz Bin Sharif, Ishrat Jahan
    Scientific Reports.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Differences in physical activity and mental function according to the employment status of elderly Japanese
    Mami Ishizuka-Inoue, Asuka Kawaguchi, Soshiro Kashima, Momoko Nagai-Tanima, Tomoki Aoyama
    Journal of Occupational Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Influence of Social Support on Leisure-Time Physical Activity of the Elderly in the Chinese Village of Fuwen
    Jiayi Zhou, Chen Yang, Jiabin Yu, Xiaoguang Zhao, Jinan Wu, Zhiyong Liu, Jianshe Li, Yaodong Gu
    Healthcare.2023; 11(15): 2193.     CrossRef
  • The association between the Short Physical Performance Battery and longitudinal trajectories of depressive symptoms among Chinese older adults
    Min Bao, Jianqian Chao, Na Zhang, Yanqian Wu, Leixia Wang
    Psychogeriatrics.2023; 23(6): 1027.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of Physical Activity, Functional Fitness and Fatigue According to Gender in Young-old
    Tuba Maden, Erkin Oğuz Sarı, Begümhan Turhan, Çağtay Maden
    European Journal of Geriatrics and Gerontology.2023; 5(3): 189.     CrossRef
  • Participation and Reasons for Non-participation in Sport and Recreational Activities Before and After the Outbreak of COVID-19: Analysis of Data From the 2016 and 2021 Poland National Sports Participation Survey
    Monika Piątkowska, Elżbieta Biernat
    Physical Culture and Sport. Studies and Research.2023; 101(1): 63.     CrossRef
  • Determinants of caregiving grandparents’ physical activity and sedentary behavior: a qualitative study using focus group discussions
    Marie Vermote, Tom Deliens, Benedicte Deforche, Eva D’Hondt
    European Review of Aging and Physical Activity.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The burden of neck pain among adults aged 70 years and older in Iran, 1990–2019
    Seyed Aria Nejadghaderi, Seyed Ehsan Mousavi, Mark J. M. Sullman, Ali‐Asghar Kolahi, Alireza Namazi Shabestari, Saeid Safiri
    Health Science Reports.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Benefits outweigh the risks: a consensus statement on the risks of physical activity for people living with long-term conditions
    Hamish Reid, Ashley Jane Ridout, Simone Annabella Tomaz, Paul Kelly, Natasha Jones
    British Journal of Sports Medicine.2022; 56(8): 427.     CrossRef
  • Experiencia en el uso de videos para la promoción de ejercicio físico en el hogar en modalidad online en personas mayores en Chile durante la pandemia COVID-19
    María Fernanda Calvo Sánchez, Claudia Román Ureta, Patricia Basualto Alfaro, Germán Bannen García-Huidobro, Magdalena Chamorro Giné
    Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología.2022; 57(2): 79.     CrossRef
  • The Impact of Chronic Conditions on Leisure Participation among Community-Dwelling Older Adults
    Daniella R. Hauser, Neha S. Tripathi, Melanie N. Smith, Chelsea L. Williams, Brooke M. Lefebvre, Alyssa Ly, Melia K. Higgins
    Physical & Occupational Therapy In Geriatrics.2022; 40(4): 419.     CrossRef
  • Design and Validation of a Questionnaire to Assess the Leisure Time Physical Activity of Adult Women in Gipuzkoa
    Olaia Eizagirre-Sagastibeltza, Uxue Fernandez-Lasa, Javier Yanci, Estibaliz Romaratezabala, Ruth Cayero, Iñaki Iturrioz, Oidui Usabiaga
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(9): 5736.     CrossRef
  • Factors Related to Preventive Behaviors against a Decline in Physical Fitness among Community-Dwelling Older Adults during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Qualitative Study
    Yumi Kimura, Hiroshi Akasaka, Toshihito Takahashi, Saori Yasumoto, Kei Kamide, Kazunori Ikebe, Mai Kabayama, Ayaka Kasuga, Hiromi Rakugi, Yasuyuki Gondo
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(10): 6008.     CrossRef
    Izabela Warwas, Agata Matuszewska-Kubicz
    Polityka Społeczna.2022; 576(3): 11.     CrossRef
  • Health and wellness for disadvantaged older adults: The AFRESH pilot study
    Cathy A. Maxwell, Corley Roberts, Kelsey Oesmann, Sylvie Muhimpundu, Kristin R. Archer, Maulik R. Patel, Mogos F. Mulubrhan, James Muchira, Jeffrey Boon, Marianna LaNoue
    PEC Innovation.2022; 1: 100084.     CrossRef
  • Barriers and facilitators of domain-specific physical activity: a systematic review of reviews
    Leandro Garcia, Gerfeson Mendonça, Tânia R. Bertoldo Benedetti, Lucélia Justino Borges, Inês Amanda Streit, Marina Christofoletti, Fernando Lopes e Silva-Júnior, Camila Bosquiero Papini, Maria Angélica Binotto
    BMC Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Influence of Easing COVID-19 Restrictions on the Physical Activity Intentions and Perceived Barriers to Physical Activity in UK Older Adults
    Jason Tallis, Darren L. Richardson, Emma L. J. Eyre
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(19): 12521.     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated with Undertaking Health-Promoting Activities by Older Women at High Risk of Metabolic Syndrome
    Jagoda Rusowicz, Anna Serweta, Karolina Juszko, Wojciech Idzikowski, Robert Gajda, Joanna Szczepańska-Gieracha
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(23): 15957.     CrossRef
  • Effect of the Juggling-Based Motor Learning Physical Activity on Well-Being in Elderly: A Pre–Post Study with a Special Training Protocol
    Jakub Malik, Janusz Maciaszek
    Healthcare.2022; 10(12): 2442.     CrossRef
  • Opportunities to be active in retirement villages and factors associated with physical activity in residents
    Aoi Yoshihara, Katherine Bloomfield, Zhenqiang Wu, Annie Tatton, Joanna Hikaka, Michal Boyd, Kathy Peri, Martin J. Connolly, Tim Stokes
    Journal of Primary Health Care.2022; 15(1): 6.     CrossRef
  • Protein and physical activity in older persons
    Suey S.Y. Yeung, Ruth S.M. Chan, Jean Woo
    Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care.2021; 24(1): 42.     CrossRef
  • Barriers and Facilitators Associated with Physical Activity in the Middle East and North Africa Region: A Systematic Overview
    Sonia Chaabane, Karima Chaabna, Sathyanarayanan Doraiswamy, Ravinder Mamtani, Sohaila Cheema
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(4): 1647.     CrossRef
  • The Associations of Built Environment with Older People Recreational Walking and Physical Activity in a Chinese Small-Scale City of Yiwu
    Jiabin Yu, Chen Yang, Xiaoguang Zhao, Zhexiao Zhou, Shen Zhang, Diankai Zhai, Jianshe Li
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(5): 2699.     CrossRef
  • Active Older Adults Keep Aerobic Capacity and Experience Small Reductions in Body Strength During Confinement Due to COVID-19 Outbreak
    Lucimere Bohn, Duarte Barros, Flávia Borges-Machado, Susana Carrapatoso, Andreia N. Pizarro, Joana Carvalho
    Journal of Aging and Physical Activity.2021; 29(6): 1034.     CrossRef
  • Physical activity in older adults: A cross sectional study
    Seyed Abolhassan Naghibi, Fereshteh Rostami, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Seyedeh Somayeh Kazemi
    Health Monitor Journal of the Iranian Institute for Health Sciences Research.2021; 20(2): 179.     CrossRef
  • Older Adults’ Perceptions toward Walking: A Qualitative Study Using a Social-Ecological Model
    Ka-Man Leung, Kai-Ling Ou, Pak-Kwong Chung, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(14): 7686.     CrossRef
  • Determinants of Physical Activity Practices in Metropolitan Context: The Case of Lisbon Metropolitan Area, Portugal
    Ana Louro, Pedro Franco, Eduarda Marques da Costa
    Sustainability.2021; 13(18): 10104.     CrossRef
  • Regular Physical Activities and Related Factors among Middle-Aged and Older Adults in Jinan, China: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Shukang Wang, Wei Ma, Shu-Mei Wang, Xiangren Yi
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(19): 10362.     CrossRef
  • Mediterranean Diet and Physical Activity for Successful Aging: An Update for Nutritionists and Endocrinologists
    Evelyn Frias-Toral, Sebastian Chapela, Maria de los Angeles Carignano, Dino Moretti, Andres Martinuzzi, Dolores Rodríguez-Veintimilla, Mery Guerrero, Gabriella Pugliese, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Luigi Barrea
    Endocrines.2021; 2(4): 366.     CrossRef
  • Walking distances from services and destinations for residential aged-care centres in Australian cities
    Peiman Amini-Behbahani, Li Meng, Ning Gu
    Journal of Transport Geography.2020; 85: 102707.     CrossRef
  • Physical activity in people with axial spondyloarthritis and the impact of overall attitudes, barriers, and facilitators: A cross‐sectional study
    Jens Ole Rasmussen, Jette Primdahl, Willy Fick, Ann Bremander
    Musculoskeletal Care.2020; 18(4): 510.     CrossRef
  • Are Barriers the Same Whether I Want to Start or Maintain Exercise? A Narrative Review on Healthy Older Adults
    Nathalie André, Nounagnon Frutueux Agbangla
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(17): 6247.     CrossRef
  • Resistance Exercise, Electrical Muscle Stimulation, and Whole-Body Vibration in Older Adults: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
    Nejc Šarabon, Žiga Kozinc, Stefan Löfler, Christian Hofer
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2020; 9(9): 2902.     CrossRef
  • Comparison Study of Perceived Neighborhood-Built Environment and Elderly Leisure-Time Physical Activity between Hangzhou and Wenzhou, China
    Jiabin Yu, Chen Yang, Shen Zhang, Diankai Zhai, Jianshe Li
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(24): 9284.     CrossRef
  • Factors related to the regular exercise participation of middle-aged and older people
    Yongha Seo, Seungjae Hyun, Sangshin Park
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2020; 37(5): 23.     CrossRef
  • Future Drivers of Leisure Time Physical Activity in Iran
    Ali Ziaee, Najaf Aghaei, Marjan Saffari, Reza Yousefi Zenouz, Ivo van Hilvoorde
    Physical Culture and Sport. Studies and Research.2020; 86(1): 66.     CrossRef

Epidemiol Health : Epidemiology and Health