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Dae Jung Kim 4 Articles
Application of joint latent space item response model to clustering stressful life events and Beck Depression Inventory II: results from Korean epidemiological survey data
Hyun Joo Kim, Ye Jin Jeon, Sung Ha Park, Dae Jung Kim, Hyeon Chang Kim, Ick Hoon Jin, Sun Jae Jung
Epidemiol Health. 2022;e2022093.   Published online October 24, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2022093    [Accepted]
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract
Objectives
According to previous findings, stressful life events (SLEs), and its subtypes are associated with depressive symptoms. However, few studies have explored potential models for events and incidental symptoms.
Methods
The participants (men: 3,966 men; women: 5,709) were recruited from the Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases Etiology Research Center. SLEs were measured using a 47-item life experiences survey (LES) with a standardized protocol. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II). The joint latent space item response models were performed by sex and age group (under 50 vs. 50+ years).
Results
Among the LESs’ item, death/illness of close relatives, legal/sexual difficulties, family relationships, or social relationships shared latent positions with major depressive symptoms regardless of sex or age. We also observed a sex-specific domain; occupational and family-related items.
Conclusions
By projecting LES and BDI-II into the same interaction map in each subgroup, we could specify the association between specific LES and depressive symptoms.
Summary
Korean summary
Key Message
Association of social network size and composition with physical activity in Korean middle-aged adults
Moon Su Kwak, So Mi Jemma Cho, Jee-Seon Shim, Dae Jung Kim, Yoosik Youm, Hyeon Chang Kim
Epidemiol Health. 2020;42:e2020070.   Published online November 25, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2020070
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AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
Physical activity (PA) is an established protective factor for many chronic diseases. Numerous studies have established positive relationships between social networks and PA. Accordingly, this study examined the relationship between social network structures (specifically the network size and the number and proportion of same-sex alters) and self-reported PA in Korean middle-age adults, where the term “alter” refers to a respondent’s social network members.
METHODS
We analyzed 8,092 participants of the Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases Etiology Research Center cohort. We assessed the association between each network structure variable and PA level using a linear regression model. Then, we employed logistic regression to evaluate associations between social network structure and adherence to guideline-recommended exercise levels. Socio-demographic factors and health status measures were used as covariates.
RESULTS
In both sexes, the social network size and proportion of same-sex network members showed positive relationships with total and moderate-to-vigorous PA. Notably, female participants with a greater number of kin were more likely to satisfy the recommended amount of total PA.
CONCLUSIONS
These findings suggest that large scale, same-sex intervention programs can help to achieve recommended PA regimens.
Summary
Korean summary
이 연구는 30-64세 중년의 한국인 8,092(남자 2,805, 여자 5,207)명에서 사회연결망 특성과 신체활동량의 관련성을 평가했다. 남녀 모두에서 사회연결망의 크기가 클수록, 연결망내 동성인 사람의 비중이 높을수록 신체활동량이 많았다. 사회연결망 크기와 연결망내 동성인 사람의 비중은 권장 신체활동량을 충족률과도 양의 관련성을 보였다. 반면, 연결망내 친족의 비중이 높은 경우는 오히려 권장신체활동량을 충족할 가능성이 낮았다.
Key Message
Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases Etiology Research Center (CMERC) cohort: study protocol and results of the first 3 years of enrollment
Jee-Seon Shim, Bo Mi Song, Jung Hyun Lee, Seung Won Lee, Ji Hye Park, Dong Phil Choi, Myung Ha Lee, Kyoung Hwa Ha, Dae Jung Kim, Sungha Park, Won-Woo Lee, Hyeon Chang Kim
Epidemiol Health. 2017;39:e2017016.   Published online April 1, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2017016
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AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
Abstract
Although the etiologies of cardiovascular disease (CVD) are widely understood, the goal of finding a globally effective solution for preventing CVD is unrealistic. Therefore, we aimed to conduct a community-based prospective study on the prevention and management of CVD in Korean adults. This study was designed to recruit 8,000 healthy adults over the course of 5 years. The baseline assessment includes a wide range of established CVD risk factors, including demographic characteristics, medical history, health behaviors, psychological conditions, body size and composition, blood pressure, the augmentation index, carotid ultrasonography, an electrocardiogram, and biochemical indicators, as well as some novel factors, such as social network characteristics, exposure to environmental pollutants, inflammatory markers, hemostatic markers, and immunosenescence markers. Annual telephone interviews and follow-up health examinations at 5-year intervals after the baseline assessment are planned to collect information on changes in health status and its determinants. Additionally, indirect follow-up using secondary data sources will be conducted to obtain information on health services utilization and death. So far, more than 6,000 adults have been enrolled during the first three and a half years, and almost all participants have been tracked by annual telephone follow-up surveys. The data have been uploaded to iCReaT, the clinical research information management system of the Korea National Institute of Health.
Summary
Korean summary
심뇌혈관 및 대사질환 원인연구센터(Cardiovascular and Metabolic Diseases Etiology Research Center)에서는 심뇌혈관질환 및 대사질환의 새로운 발병 원인을 찾고 효율적인 예방 전략을 개발하고자 코호트(CMERC cohort와 CMERC-HI cohort)를 구축하였다. 지역사회에 거주하는 만 30-64세 건강한 성인을 대상으로 하는 CMERC cohort는 2013년부터 2018년 까지 총 5년 동안 8000명 등록을 목표로 기반조사를 진행 중이며(2016년 12월 현재 6000여명 등록), 이미 알려진 다양한 위험요인 이외에 사회연결망 정보와 면역노화 관련 바이오마커 등 새로운 위험 요인에 관한 광범위한 정보가 수집되고 있다. CMERC cohort는 심뇌혈관 및 대사질환 예방연구의 기초자료로 활용되어 과학적 데이터에 근거한 예방 전략 수립에 기여하게 될 것이다.
Key Message

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    Ye Jin Jeon, So Mi Jemma Cho, Yu Jin Lee, Hyeon Chang Kim, Sun Jae Jung
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The association between insulin resistance and Framingham risk score among type 2 diabetes.
Hee Sook Park, Ji Eun Yun, Soo Jin Yoon, Eurin Cho, Kyung A Ahn, Seok Won Park, Chul Woo Ahn, Dae Jung Kim, Young Duk Song, Young Ju Choi, Mi Ae Cho, Eun Jig Lee, Kap Bum Huh, Sun Ha Jee
Korean J Epidemiol. 2007;29(1):46-58.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract
BACKGROUND
AND PURPOSE: Insulin resistance has been known to be associated with the risk of cardiovascular diseases. However, the relationship with Framingham risk score among type 2 diabetes has not been well known. We investigated the relationship between insulin resistance (IR) and the Framingham risk score(FRS) among type 2 diabetes in Korea.
METHODS
We estimated the 5-year risk of ischemic heart disease(IHD) based on Framingham equation among 1,941 diabetes patients(1,294 men and 647 women), who visited Huh's clinic, enrolled from January 2003 to June 2006. IR, which was measured by insulin tolerance test (ITT), was divided into five groups(Q1 to Q5). High risk of IHD was defined as upper 10 percentile of FRS. Multivariate regression and logistic regression models were used to see independent association of higher quintiles of IR level, compared with lowest quintile(Q1) for the risk of IHD.
RESULTS
Mean (+/-standard deviation) 5-year FRS of study subjects were 8.40%(+/-6.89) for men and 5.92%(+/-5.23) for women. There were significant correlation between IR, body mass index, HbA1C, fasting glucose, triglyceride, LDL-cholesterol, C-peptide and FRS in both men and women. After adjusting for triglyceride, LDL-cholesterol, C-peptide, multivariate regression model analysis showed that IR was independently associated with the FRS. A positive association between IR and high risk of IHD was observed in men: highest versus lowest quintile of IR (odds ratio 5.45 in men and 4.71 in women).
CONCLUSION
Increased IR level was independently associated with risk of IHD measured by FRS among type 2 diabetes in Korea.
Summary
Korean summary
Key Message

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