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Azita Manshoori 1 Article
Exposure to pistachio pesticides and stillbirth: a case-control study
Saeid Razi, Mohsen Rezaeian, Fatemeh Ghani Dehkordi, Azita Manshoori, Reza Goujani, Reza Vazirinejad
Epidemiol Health. 2016;38:e2016016.   Published online April 30, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2016016
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Abstract
OBJECTIVES
Stillbirth is an undesirable outcome of pregnancy. In light of the increasing use of pesticides and growing concerns about the possible health effects of agricultural pesticides, we investigated the effect of exposure to pistachio pesticides on stillbirth in pregnant mothers.
METHODS
This case-control study was conducted in Rafsanjan, Iran from 2011 to 2012. A total of 125 females who had a recent stillbirth were included as the case group, and 250 controls were selected from females who had a recent live birth. For each case, two controls with the nearest propensity score to the case were selected. Data were collected using a protocol developed by the researcher that involved interviewing respondents and reviewing their medical records. Conditional multivariate and univariate logistic regression analysis were performed and odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated.
RESULTS
The ORs of stillbirth in mothers living in pistachio gardens and those who were exposed to sprayed pesticides, in comparison to the controls, were 14.1 (95% CI, 3.3 to 63.4) and 5.0 (95% CI, 1.2 to 28.6), respectively. No significant differences were found in stillbirth rates according to the distance between the mother’s residence and a pistachio garden or involvement in agricultural activities.
CONCLUSIONS
The results of our study showed that exposure to pistachio pesticides during pregnancy may increase the likelihood of stillbirth in mothers.
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Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Dietary zinc intake and body mass index as modifiers of the association between household pesticide exposure and infertility among US women: a population-level study
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  • Glyphosate Herbicide: Reproductive Outcomes and Multigenerational Effects
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  • Pestizidrückstände in Gemüse und Obst und Outcome bei Frauen unter ART
    Constanze Banz-Jansen
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  • Perinatal exposure to a glyphosate-based herbicide impairs female reproductive outcomes and induces second-generation adverse effects in Wistar rats
    María M. Milesi, Virginia Lorenz, Guillermina Pacini, María R. Repetti, Luisina D. Demonte, Jorgelina Varayoud, Enrique H. Luque
    Archives of Toxicology.2018; 92(8): 2629.     CrossRef

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