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Epidemiol Health : Epidemiology and Health



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Editorial Global density of AIDS patient per one million population by continent and country as of August 31, 1988
Joung Soon Kim
Epidemiol Health 1988;10(2):157-163
DOI: https://doi.org/
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AIDS has become a pandemic ever since the initial recognition in 1981, and experts state the pandemic is still in its early stages difficult to gauge, but appearently threateming global health. This paper is prepared in order to provide with correct information on the global distribution of AIDS patient by means of AIDS patient density (cumulative AIDS pts per unit of population) in determining global rank of AIDS occurrence. The conventional way of expressing rank with the absolute number of AIDS patients would not be as useful as the density presentation in terms of epidemiological understanding of the pandemic. The materials utilized are WHO Weekly Epidemiological Record: AIDS Data As At August 31, 1988 and 1986 population data in WHO Annual Statistics, 1987. Summarized results are as followings: 1. One hundred forty countries(78.7%) out of 178 countries, which informed the presence or absence of AIDS patient to WHO reported to have AIDS patients; the percent of countries having AIDS patients among countries informed to the WHO was 93.3% in European continent, 90.9% in American continent, 86.5% in African, 57.9% in Asian and 35.7% in Oceanian. Number of total AIDS patient per million of the population for each continent were 119 patients in American, 41 in Oceanian, 26 in African, 19 in European and 0.1 in Asian continent. Geobal average/million was 23 patients. 2. AIDS patient Density(per million population) by country ranged from 0 to 1345 pateints; in African continent there were six countries where the number of AIDS patient per million was over one hundred-Congo(700), Brundi(290), Uganda(250), Central African Republic(164), Rwanda(157) and Zambia(144); in American continent smaller resort areas with fewer population had higher AIDS density, and there were 9 countries with more than 100 AIDS patients/million population-French Quiana(1345), Bahamas(803), Bermuda(339), U.S.A. (297), Guadeloupe(220), Barbados(217), Haiti(203), Trinidad & Tobago(189) and Mortinigue(116); in Asian continent only one country, Qatar of which population is 335 thousands had 100 patients/105; in Europe continent, there was no single country with more the 100 AIDS patients/million population and the density was rather homogeneous ranging from 13~79 AIDS patients/106; in Oceaneon countries, 25~59 patients/million. 3. Global rank for AIDS density was entirely different from the rank based on absolute number of AIDS patients. The rank for first top ten is in order of Congo, U.S., Brundi, Uganda, Haiti, Trimidad & Tobago, Central African Republic, Rwanda and Kenya among countris with more than one million population. On the other hand the top ten country by the absolute number of AIDS patient was U.S., France, Uganda, Bragil, Germany F.R., Italy, Kenya, Canada, U.K., and Tanzania. 4. In Korea six AIDS patients and 30 HIV infected persons have been officially reported currently. When the 1(AIDS patient): 50~100(HIV infected) ratio is projected, 300~600 HIV infected persons are estimated, implying that only one tenth of them has been detected and reported.

Epidemiol Health : Epidemiology and Health