Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

Epidemiol Health : Epidemiology and Health



Page Path
HOME > Search
2 "Wildlife"
Article category
Publication year
Funded articles
Special Article
Limiting the spillover of zoonotic pathogens from traditional food markets in developing countries and a new market design for risk-proofing
Sandeep Ghatak, Kandhan Srinivas, Arockiasamy Arun Prince Milton, Govindarajan Bhuvana Priya, Samir Das, Johanna F. Lindahl
Epidemiol Health. 2023;45:e2023097.   Published online October 30, 2023
  • 1,792 View
  • 95 Download
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDF
Traditional food markets are age-old systems that primarily serve the food supply needs of society’s less affluent sectors, often operating with minimal infrastructure. These markets are prevalent in low and middle-income countries. However, their hygienic conditions are frequently suboptimal, potentially fostering the emergence and spread of presumptive zoonotic diseases. The recent emergence of zoonotic or potentially zoonotic diseases and their possible links to traditional food markets underscore the need for focused attention on this overlooked issue. The socioeconomic characteristics of traditional food markets reveal that despite the risk of zoonotic pathogen spread, these markets play a crucial role for large segments of the population. These individuals rely on such markets for their livelihood, food, and nutrition. Therefore, a comprehensive set of measures addressing various aspects of traditional food markets is necessary to manage and mitigate the risks of potential zoonotic disease emergence. In this article, we explore various facets of traditional food markets, paying special attention to the risks of zoonotic diseases that urgently require stakeholder attention. We also propose a new market design to prevent the risk of zoonotic spillover and advocate for the development of a Market Hygiene Index for these markets.
Key Message
Embracing Tradition, Ensuring Safety! Traditional food markets are vital for many communities, supplying food and livelihoods. Yet, their suboptimal hygiene poses potential risks for zoonotic diseases. Our article sheds light on the importance of addressing this issue and offers a new market design for risk-proofing in developing countries. Join the conversation on safeguarding these markets and support the vulnerable for a safer, healthier future!
Original Article
Knowledge, attitudes, and behavioural risk factors regarding zoonotic infections among bushmeat hunters and traders in Nsukka, southeast Nigeria
Kingsley Uchenna Ozioko, Chris Ikem Okoye, Rose Nduka Obiezue, Raymond Awudu Agbu
Epidemiol Health. 2018;40:e2018025.   Published online June 16, 2018
  • 12,059 View
  • 252 Download
  • 12 Web of Science
  • 13 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
In light of the dramatic spread of Ebola virus in some parts of Africa and the 2014 outbreak in Nigeria, a study was conducted to evaluate bushmeat dealers’ knowledge and attitudes about zoonotic infections and the risk of transmission to humans.
A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a community in Nsukka, southeast Nigeria. Hunters (n=34) and bushmeat traders (n=42) were interviewed. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to generate the data. The Fisher exact test was used to evaluate the significance of differences between these groups.
Only 11.8% of the hunters, as compared to 35.7% of the traders, had no knowledge of possible causes of zoonotic infections (p<0.05). However, 64.7% of the hunters, compared to 38.1% of the traders, were ignorant regarding the responsibility of public health personnel and veterinarians (p<0.05), and 76.5% of the hunters compared to 42.9% of the traders were ignorant regarding the existence of zoonoses in Nigeria (p<0.05). A statistically significant difference was also found between these groups regarding the risk of contracting an infection from ectoparasites (p<0.05). The attitudes of respondents towards zoonotic diseases did not differ significantly between the groups.
The level of awareness about zoonotic diseases was low in this area, underscoring the need for interventions.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The re-emergence and transmission of Monkeypox virus in Nigeria: the role of one health
    Seto C. Ogunleye, Olalekan C. Akinsulie, Abdullahi T. Aborode, Mercy M. Olorunshola, Damilola Gbore, Moyinoluwa Oladoye, Ridwan O. Adesola, Joy O. Gbadegoye, Boluwatife J. Olatoye, Mariam A. Lawal, Akeem B. Bakare, Oluwabori Adekanye, Ezemba C. Chinyere
    Frontiers in Public Health.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, perceptions, and practices around zoonotic diseases among actors in the livestock trade in the Lake Victoria crescent ecosystem in East Africa
    Hamilton Majiwa, Salome A. Bukachi, Dalmas Omia, Eric M. Fèvre
    Frontiers in Public Health.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Human-animal entanglements in bushmeat trading in Sierra Leone: An ethnographic assessment of a potential zoonotic interface
    Jack Jenkins, Wahab Lawundeh, Tommy Hanson, Hannah Brown, Daniel Oladimeji Oluwayelu
    PLOS ONE.2024; 19(3): e0298929.     CrossRef
  • Zoonoses in a changing world
    Jaime García-Moreno
    BioScience.2023; 73(10): 711.     CrossRef
  • A systematic mapping review of links between handling wild meat and zoonotic diseases
    Luke Tumelty, Julia E. Fa, Lauren Coad, Sagan Friant, Joseph Mbane, Cedric Thibaut Kamogne, Caleb Yengo Tata, Amy Ickowitz
    One Health.2023; 17: 100637.     CrossRef
  • Public and health professional epidemic risk perceptions in countries that are highly vulnerable to epidemics: a systematic review
    Nada Abdelmagid, Francesco Checchi, Bayard Roberts
    Infectious Diseases of Poverty.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, attitudes, and practices associated with zoonotic disease transmission risk in North Sulawesi, Indonesia
    Tina Kusumaningrum, Alice Latinne, Stephanie Martinez, Jusuf Kalengkongan, Ageng Wiyatno, Aghnianditya Kresno Dewantari, Novie Kasenda, Janno B. B. Bernadus, Ungke Anton Jaya, Chairin Nisa Ma’roef, Leilani Francisco, Emily Hagan, Maureen Miller, Khin Saw
    One Health Outlook.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence assessment of ectoparasitic arthropods among commonly consumed wildlife in Nsukka, southeast Nigeria
    Kingsley Uchenna Ozioko, Chris Ikem Okoye, Patience Obiageli Ubachukwu, Raymond Awudu Agbu, Bede Izuchukwu Ezewudo, Celestine Osita Ezea
    Bulletin of the National Research Centre.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Pre- and post-Ebola outbreak trends in wild meat trade in West Africa
    Stephan M. Funk, Julia E. Fa, Stephanie N. Ajong, Edem A. Eniang, Daniele Dendi, Massimiliano Di Vittorio, Fabio Petrozzi, NioKing Amadi, Godfrey C. Akani, Luca Luiselli
    Biological Conservation.2021; 255: 109024.     CrossRef
  • Reemergence of Human Monkeypox and Declining Population Immunity in the Context of Urbanization, Nigeria, 2017–2020
    Phi-Yen Nguyen, Whenayon Simeon Ajisegiri, Valentina Costantino, Abrar A. Chughtai, C. Raina MacIntyre
    Emerging Infectious Diseases.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Reemergence of Human Monkeypox and Declining Population Immunity in the Context of Urbanization, Nigeria, 2017–2020
    Phi-Yen Nguyen, Whenayon Simeon Ajisegiri, Valentina Costantino, Abrar A. Chughtai, C. Raina MacIntyre
    Emerging Infectious Diseases.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Bushmeat, wet markets, and the risks of pandemics: Exploring the nexus through systematic review of scientific disclosures
    Colin Scott Peros, Rajarshi Dasgupta, Pankaj Kumar, Brian Alan Johnson
    Environmental Science & Policy.2021; 124: 1.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of the Level of Awareness about the Transmission of Echinococcosis and Toxocariasis between Pet Owners and Non-Pet Owners in Greece
    Christina Kantarakia, Maria E. Tsoumani, Antonis Galanos, Alexander G. Mathioudakis, Eleni Giannoulaki, Apostolos Beloukas, Chrysa Voyiatzaki
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(15): 5292.     CrossRef

Epidemiol Health : Epidemiology and Health