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Sohrab Iranpour 2 Articles
Modification of the effect of ambient air temperature on cardiovascular and respiratory mortality by air pollution in Ahvaz, Iran
Sohrab Iranpour, Soheila Khodakarim, Abbas Shahsavani, Ardeshir Khosravi, Koorosh Etemad
Epidemiol Health. 2020;42:e2020053.   Published online July 18, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2020053
  • 6,794 View
  • 185 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
This study investigated the modification of temperature effects on cardiovascular and respiratory mortality by air pollutants (particulate matter less than 2.5 and 10 µm in diameter [respectively], ozone, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, and sulfur dioxide).
METHODS
Poisson additive models with a penalized distributed lag non-linear model were used to assess the association of air temperature with the daily number of deaths from cardiovascular and respiratory diseases in Ahvaz, Iran from March 21, 2014 to March 20, 2018, controlling for day of the week, holidays, relative humidity, wind speed, air pollutants, and seasonal and long-term trends. Subgroup analyses were conducted to evaluate the effect modification for sex and age group. To assess the modification of air pollutants on temperature effects, the level of each pollutant was categorized as either greater than the median value or less than/equal to the median value.
RESULTS
We found no significant associations between temperature and cardiovascular and respiratory mortality. In the subgroup analyses, however, high temperatures were significantly associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality among those 75 years old and older, with the strongest effect observed on day 0 relative to exposure. The results revealed a lack of interactive effects between temperature and air pollutants on cardiovascular and respiratory mortality.
CONCLUSIONS
A weak but significant association was found between high temperature and cardiovascular mortality, but only in elderly people. Air pollution did not significantly modify the effect of ambient temperature on cardiovascular and respiratory mortality.
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Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Combined effects of air pollution and extreme heat events among ESKD patients within the Northeastern United States
    Richard V. Remigio, Hao He, Jochen G. Raimann, Peter Kotanko, Frank W. Maddux, Amy Rebecca Sapkota, Xin-Zhong Liang, Robin Puett, Xin He, Amir Sapkota
    Science of The Total Environment.2022; 812: 152481.     CrossRef
Efficacy of miltefosine compared with glucantime for the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Sohrab Iranpour, Ali Hosseinzadeh, Abbas Alipour
Epidemiol Health. 2019;41:e2019011.   Published online March 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2019011
  • 9,252 View
  • 306 Download
  • 9 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Abstract
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is most common form of leishmaniasis and is characterized by ulcerative skin lesions. The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials that compared the efficacy of miltefosine and glucantime for the treatment of CL. We searched the following databases: Cochrane, PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, ProQuest, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, International Clinical Trials Registry Platform search portal of World Health Organization, Sid, Irandoc, Magiran, and clinicaltrials.gov. We used keywords including “miltefosine,” “glucantime,” and “Leishmania.” The quality of studies was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool. A random-effects model was employed for the analysis. We assessed heterogeneity by the chi-square test and the I2 index statistic. When heterogeneity was present, meta-regression analyses were performed. The Egger method was used to assess publication bias; when it was significant, the trim-and-fill method was used to test and adjust for publication bias. A total of 1,570 reports were identified, of which 10 studies were included in the meta-analysis. In the meta-analysis, there was no significant difference between the efficacy of miltefosine and glucantime; however, subgroup analysis showed that, regarding parasite species other than Leishmania braziliensis, miltefosine was significantly superior to glucantime (intention to treat; relative risk, 1.15; 95% confidence interval, 1.01 to 1.32). In the meta-regression, only the glucantime injection type was significant at the p=0.1 level. The Egger test found statistically significant publication bias; however, including the 3 missing studies in the trim-and-fill analysis did not change the results. This meta-analysis found that miltefosine seems to be more effective than glucantime, at least in species other than L. braziliensis, for treating CL.
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  • Mesenchymal Stromal Cell‐derived Extracellular Vesicles in Preclinical Animal Models of Tumor Growth: Systematic Review and Meta‐analysis
    Adrian J.M. Bailey, Alvin Tieu, Manika Gupta, Mitchell Slobodian, Risa Shorr, Tim Ramsay, Rosendo A. Rodriguez, Dean A. Fergusson, Manoj M. Lalu, David S. Allan
    Stem Cell Reviews and Reports.2022; 18(3): 993.     CrossRef
  • Tratamiento de leishmaniasis cutánea infantil con miltefosina
    P.J. Barba, D. Morgado-Carrasco, A. Quera
    Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas.2022; 113(8): 827.     CrossRef
  • [Translated article] Miltefosine to Treat Childhood Cutaneous Leishmaniasis
    P.J. Barba, D. Morgado-Carrasco, A. Quera
    Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas.2022; 113(8): T827.     CrossRef
  • Leishmaniasis cutánea y mucocutánea
    I. Abadías-Granado, A. Diago, P.A. Cerro, A.M. Palma-Ruiz, Y. Gilaberte
    Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas.2021; 112(7): 601.     CrossRef
  • Comparative assessment of interventions for treating cutaneous leishmaniasis: A network meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials.
    Kannan Sridharan, Gowri Sivaramakrishnan
    Acta Tropica.2021; 220: 105944.     CrossRef
  • Cutaneous and Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis
    I. Abadías-Granado, A. Diago, P.A. Cerro, A.M. Palma-Ruiz, Y. Gilaberte
    Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas (English Edition).2021; 112(7): 601.     CrossRef
  • Lanthanide(III) Based Complexes Containing 5,7‐Dimethyl‐1,2,4‐triazolo[1,5‐ a ]pyrimidine as Long‐Lived Photoluminescent Antiparasitic Agents
    Ginés M. Esteban‐Parra, Inmaculada Moscoso, Javier Cepeda, Jose A. García, Manuel Sánchez‐Moreno, Antonio Rodríguez‐Diéguez, Miguel Quirós
    European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry.2020; 2020(3): 308.     CrossRef
  • Intraspecific Genomic Divergence and Minor Structural Variations in Leishmania (Viannia) panamensis
    Luz H. Patino, Marina Muñoz, Carlos Muskus, Claudia Méndez, Juan David Ramírez
    Genes.2020; 11(3): 252.     CrossRef
  • Parasitological and immunological evaluation of a novel chemotherapeutic agent against visceral leishmaniasis
    Isabela A. G. Pereira, Débora V. C. Mendonça, Grasiele S. V. Tavares, Daniela P. Lage, Fernanda F. Ramos, João A. Oliveira‐da‐Silva, Luciana M. R. Antinarelli, Amanda S. Machado, Lívia M. Carvalho, Ana Maria R. S. Carvalho, Iorrana V. Salustiano, Thiago A
    Parasite Immunology.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef

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