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Seyed Mehdi Hosseini 1 Article
How to improve the human brucellosis surveillance system in Kurdistan Province, Iran: reduce the delay in the diagnosis time
Meysam Olfatifar, Seyed Mehdi Hosseini, Payam Shokri, Soheila Khodakarim, Naghmeh Khadembashi, Sajjad Rahimi Pordanjani
Epidemiol Health. 2020;42:e2020058.   Published online August 10, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2020058
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Abstract
OBJECTIVES
Spatial information makes a crucial contribution to enhancing and monitoring the brucellosis surveillance system by facilitating the timely diagnosis and treatment of brucellosis.
METHODS
An exponential scan statistic model was used to formalize the spatial distribution of the adjusted delay in the diagnosis time of brucellosis (time between onset and diagnosis of the disease) in Kurdistan Province, Iran. Logistic regression analysis was used to compare variables of interest between the clustered and non-clustered areas.
RESULTS
The spatial distribution of clusters of human brucellosis cases with delayed diagnoses was not random in Kurdistan Province. The mean survival time (i.e., time between symptom onset and diagnosis) was 4.02 months for the short spatial cluster, which was centered around the city of Baneh, and was 4.21 months for spatiotemporal clusters centered around the cities of Baneh and Qorveh. Similarly, the mean survival time for the long spatial and spatiotemporal clusters was 6.56 months and 15.69 months, respectively. The spatial distribution of the cases inside and outside of clusters differed in terms of livestock vaccination, residence, sex, and occupational variables.
CONCLUSIONS
The cluster pattern of brucellosis cases with delayed diagnoses indicated poor performance of the surveillance system in Kurdistan Province. Accordingly, targeted and multi-faceted approaches should be implemented to improve the brucellosis surveillance system and to reduce the number of lost days caused by delays in the diagnosis of brucellosis, which can lead to long-term and serious complications in patients.
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Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Factors Associated With Diagnostic Delays in Human Brucellosis in Tongliao City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China
    Jingbo Zhai, Ruihao Peng, Ying Wang, Yuying Lu, Huaimin Yi, Jinling Liu, Jiahai Lu, Zeliang Chen
    Frontiers in Public Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Clinical Effect of Doxycycline Combined with Compound Sulfamethoxazole and Rifampicin in the Treatment of Brucellosis Spondylitis
    Xin-Ming Yang, Yong-Li Jia, Ying Zhang, Pei-Nan Zhang, Yao Yao, Yan-Lin Yin, Ye Tian
    Drug Design, Development and Therapy.2021; Volume 15: 4733.     CrossRef

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