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Ruhollah Heydari 1 Article
Mortality from aluminum phosphide poisoning in Kermanshah Province, Iran: characteristics and predictive factors
Seyed Mohammad Navabi, Jafar Navabi, Abbas Aghaei, Zahra Shaahmadi, Ruhollah Heydari
Epidemiol Health. 2018;40:e2018022.   Published online May 27, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2018022
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
Aluminum phosphide (ALP), also known in Iran as rice tablets, is one of the most effective rodenticides used to protect stored grain. However, ALP poisoning regularly causes mortality in humans. The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics and predictive factors of mortality from ALP poisoning.
METHODS
This study evaluated all patients with ALP poisoning referred to Imam Khomeini Hospital in Kermanshah Province, Iran from 2014 to 2015. For each patient, the following information was recorded: age, sex, the number of tablets consumed, the number of suicide attempts, the time elapsed from consumption to treatment, blood pressure, blood pH, HCO3 levels, and PCO2 . Differences between the survivors and non-survivors of ALP poisoning were analyzed using univariate logistic regression and multivariate analysis.
RESULTS
In this study, 48 patients were male and 29 patients were female (total: 77 patients). The average age of the survivors and non-survivors was 28.7 and 31.3 years, respectively. All cases (100%) of ALP poisoning were intentional, with the goal of committing suicide. The main predictive variables of mortality from ALP poisoning were blood pressure, blood pH, and time elapsed from consumption to treatment.
CONCLUSIONS
The likelihood of mortality in patients with ALP poisoning can be predicted using blood pressure, blood pH, and time elapsed from consumption to treatment. These findings may help healthcare providers take more effective measures to treat patients with ALP poisoning.
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Citations

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  • Cardioprotective activity of ethanolic extract of Echinophora cinerea against aluminum phosphide poisoning in rats
    Sara Haydari, Afshin Nazari, Maryam Moghimian, Mehrnoosh Sedighi, Saber Ghaderpour
    Journal of Food Biochemistry.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
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