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Myongsei Sohn 2 Articles
A study on cigarette smoking of male students in middle and high school in Korea
Il Suh, Hae Sook Lee, Myongsei Sohn, Il Soon Kim, Dong Choun Shin, Young Yee Choi
Korean J Epidemiol. 1988;10(2):219-229.
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Abstract
In order to examine the smoking rate, knowlege and attitude on smoking of male students attending middle and high school in Korea a study was performed at the period between July 11 and July 23, 1988. In each grade 10 classes were sampled and surveyed and the total number of respondents was 3,437. The results were as follows; 1. Proportion of current smoker among middle school students was less than 3%, but it was increased very rapidly among high school students. So proportion of smoker was 9.5%, 19.1% and 40.4% among first second and third grade students respectively. Proportion of ex-smoker was 16.9% among middle school students and 28.1% among high school students. Proportion of current smoker and ex-smoker were significantly higher among students in city than students in rural area. 2. Proportion of smoker and ex-smoker among students who had smoker in their family were significantly higher than those who had no smoker in their family. 3. Most frequent motivation to smoking was “from curiosity(40.0%)” among smokers in middle school and “to release stress(31.0%)” among smokers in high schools. 4. The proportion of smokers who smoke a cigarette regularly was 31.3% among smokers in middle school and 51.7% among smokers in high school. Sixty percent of smokers in middle school smoked less than 5 cigarettes per day and 76.0% of smokers in high school smoked less than 10 cigarettes per day. 5. Almost all respondents(99.1% in middle school, 98.8% in high school) knew about the harmful effect of cigarette smoking on health and cigarette smoking was regarded as undesirable behavior to 79.5% of middle school students and 49.3% of high school students. 6. Most smokers(63.3% in middle school, 73.8% in high school) wanted to quit smoking due to the harmful effect of cigarette smoking on health. So family factors were found to be significantly correlated with smoking students. A effective method to release stress and to quit smoking should to be suggested for students.
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Korean summary
Key Message
Descriptive analysis of medical care utilization during the 24th Seoul Olympic Games
Myongsei Sohn, Seung Hum Yu, Eun Cheol Park, Chun Bae Kim, Young Doo Lee, Byung Ryun Cho, Un Hang Shin
Korean J Epidemiol. 1988;10(2):281-291.
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Abstract
In order to sum up the cumulative quantity and ratio of practice delivered during the 24th Seoul Olympic Games to the participating athletes and officials, descriptive study was derived from the Olympic Health Management Information System(OHMIS) in the SLOOC. There were analyzed with the quantity of disease incidence and physician visit dividing by the total participating person. 1. The average physician visit per the participating athletes in Seoul amounted 0.49 was smaller than 0.75 at L.A. and 0.53 at Montreal, however, if A.T. service is considered the ratio, was about the same level with that of L.A. 2. Venue medical services utilization was much larger with amounted 72.4%, whereas village medical center’s utilization was smaller with 26.9%. The number of out-patient physician visit per hundred persons during 2 weeks period in venue clinic was 22.4 times and village medical center was 8.33 times and athletes, officials and others’ medical demand excluding spectators was 30.9 times. 3. The quantity of medical demand increased as the number of athletes and officials increased, however, the increase of utilization rate was not so significant. 4. The medical demand was calculated by continents respectively, and Africa, central and south America, middle east Asia proved to higher rate than more industrialized continent or region. 5. The Medical demand according to sports, event can be ranked from higher to lower in such order as arranged as follows: Yachting, Wrestling Tennis, and Soccor, etc. The medical demand according to international classification of disease-9, accident and injury ranked highest.
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Korean summary
Key Message

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