Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

Epidemiol Health : Epidemiology and Health


Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse articles > Author index
Faiçal El hattimy 1 Article
Geographical distribution of health indicators related to snake bites and envenomation in Morocco between 1999 and 2013
Faiçal El hattimy, Fouad Chafiq, Hinde Hami, Abdelghani Mokhtari, Abdelmajid Soulaymani, Soulaymani Bencheikh Rachida
Epidemiol Health. 2018;40:e2018024.   Published online June 16, 2018
  • 12,874 View
  • 218 Download
  • 7 Web of Science
  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Envenomation from snake bites is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological features of snake bites in Morocco and to evaluate time-space trends in snake bite incidence, the mortality rate, and the case-fatality rate.
This is a retrospective study of snake bite cases reported to the Moroccan Poison Control Center between 1999 and 2013.
During the study period, 2,053 people were bitten by snakes in Morocco. Most victims were adults (55.4%). The average age of the patients was 26.48±17.25 years. More than half of the cases (58.1%) were males. Approximately 75% of snake bites happened in rural areas, and 85 deaths were recorded during this period. The incidence of snake bites remained generally steady over the 15-year period of this study, with a marked increase noted since 2012. The mortality rate has increased slightly, from 0.02 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants in 1999 to 0.05 in 2013. The geographical distribution of snake bite cases in the regions of Morocco showed that Tanger-Tétouan had the highest annual incidence of snake bites (1.41 bites per 100,000 inhabitants). However, the highest annual mortality rates were recorded in the Guelmim-Es Semara and Souss-Massa-Drâa regions (0.09 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants for both regions).
The geographical distribution of the incidence, mortality, and case-fatality rates of snake bites in Morocco showed large disparities across regions during the three 5-year periods included in this study, meaning that certain areas can be considered high-risk for snake bites.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Knowledge in identifying venomous snakes and first aid methods of snakebites among nursing students: A cross-sectional study
    Isuru Jayathilaka, Eranthi Weeratunga, Timothy Omara
    PLOS ONE.2024; 19(4): e0299814.     CrossRef
  • Towards achievement of Universal Health Coverage: a qualitative inquiry among health stakeholders and snakebite victims on community and health system factors influencing snake envenomation management in Oti Region, Ghana
    Martin Ayanore, Mabel Worlasi Dzenu, Robert Kokou Dowou, Agani Afaya
    Journal of Global Health Science.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Snakes and Souks: Zoonotic pathogens associated to reptiles in the Marrakech markets, Morocco
    Jairo Alfonso Mendoza-Roldan, Viviane Noll Louzada-Flores, Nouha Lekouch, Intissar Khouchfi, Giada Annoscia, Andrea Zatelli, Frédéric Beugnet, Julia Walochnik, Domenico Otranto, Eric HY Lau
    PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.2023; 17(7): e0011431.     CrossRef
  • Snake antivenom production in Ecuador: Poor implementation, and an unplanned cessation leads to a call for a renaissance
    Esteban Ortiz-Prado, Justin Yeager, Felipe Andrade, Camila Schiavi-Guzman, Paola Abedrabbo-Figueroa, Enrique Terán, Lenin Gómez-Barreno, Katherine Simbaña-Rivera, Juan S. Izquierdo-Condoy
    Toxicon.2021; 202: 90.     CrossRef
  • Practical Review of the Management of Animal Bites
    Andrei N. Savu, Anna R. Schoenbrunner, Rachel Politi, Jeffrey E. Janis
    Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open.2021; 9(9): e3778.     CrossRef
  • Ophidian envenomation in Morocco: Analysis of specific hospitalization records (2012-2015)
    Faiçal El Hattimy, Chafiq Fouad, Hermann-Désiré Lallié, Abdelrhani Mokhtari, Abdelmajid Soulaymani, Rachida Soulaymani, S. Bourekkadi, H. Hami, A. Mokhtari, K. Slimani, A. Soulaymani
    E3S Web of Conferences.2021; 319: 01071.     CrossRef
  • Terrestrial venomous animals, the envenomings they cause, and treatment perspectives in the Middle East and North Africa
    Timothy P. Jenkins, Shirin Ahmadi, Matyas A. Bittenbinder, Trenton K. Stewart, Dilber E. Akgun, Melissa Hale, Nafiseh N. Nasrabadi, Darian S. Wolff, Freek J. Vonk, Jeroen Kool, Andreas H. Laustsen, Jean-Philippe Chippaux
    PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.2021; 15(12): e0009880.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiological profile and outcomes of snakebite injuries treated in emergency departments in South Korea, 2011–2016: a descriptive study
    Mohd Zaki Fadzil Senek, So Yeon Kong, Sang Do Shin, Kyong Min Sun, Jungeun Kim, Young Sun Ro
    Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.2019; 113(10): 590.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiology, ecology and human perceptions of snakebites in a savanna community of northern Ghana
    Yahaya Musah, Evans P. K. Ameade, Daniel K. Attuquayefio, Lars H. Holbech, Jean-Philippe Chippaux
    PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.2019; 13(8): e0007221.     CrossRef

Epidemiol Health : Epidemiology and Health