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Chun Kang 3 Articles
Associations of depression and anxiety with cardiovascular risk among people living with HIV/AIDS in Korea
Kyong Sil Park, Seon Young Hwang, Bo Youl Choi, June Kim, Sang Il Kim, Woo-Joo Kim, Chun Kang
Epidemiol Health. 2021;43:e2021002.   Published online December 24, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2021002
  • 8,842 View
  • 347 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract AbstractSummary PDFSupplementary Material
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
As HIV/AIDS is becoming a chronic disease, the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) among people living with HIV/AIDS is rising. Anxiety and depression, which are common among people living with HIV/AIDS, have been linked with CVD. This study investigated the risk of CVD in people living with HIV/AIDS and explored the effects of depression and anxiety on CVD risk.
METHODS
Data were collected for 457 people enrolled in the Korea Cohort HIV/AIDS study after 2010. Framingham risk scores were calculated to quantify the 10-year risk of developing CVD. Depression and anxiety variables were re-coded as a single combined variable. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed, adjusting for age, body mass index, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides (TG), duration of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positivity after entry into the cohort, and depression/anxiety.
RESULTS
Participants with both depression and anxiety were 2.28 times more likely than those with neither depression nor anxiety to have moderate/high-risk CVD risk. The 10-year risk of developing CVD was affected by LDL cholesterol, TG, age, and duration of HIV infection. LDL cholesterol and TG levels change according to the duration of HIV infection, and metabolic disorders affect the risk of CVD. Thus, a longer duration of HIV infection is associated with a higher risk of developing CVD.
CONCLUSIONS
Screenings for depression and anxiety need to be provided regularly to assess the severity of those symptoms. To help decrease their risk of developing CVD, people living with HIV/AIDS should be offered behavioral modification interventions aimed at developing healthy lifestyle habits.
Summary
Korean summary
본 연구를 통해 우울과 불안이 심혈관질환 발생위험을 증가시키는 영향요인임을 확인하였다. 따라서, HIV 감염자의 우울과 불안에 대한 정기적인 검사 및 상담이 필요하며, 우울 또는 불안한 환자의 심혈관질환의 발병 위험을 줄이기위해 좋은 생활 습관을 위한 행동 수정 및 동기 부여 교육프로그램의 개발이 필요하다.
Key Message
healthcare providers need to provide motivational education for behavioral modifications to decrease patients’ risk of developing CVD, especially among those with depression or anxiety symptoms.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Comorbidities among persons living with HIV (PLWH) in Florida: a network analysis
    Shyfuddin Ahmed, Angel B. Algarin, Hsu Thadar, Zhi Zhou, Tanjila Taskin, Krishna Vaddiparti, Karina Villalba, Yan Wang, Nicole Ennis, Jamie P. Morano, Charurut Somboonwit, Robert L Cook, Gladys E. Ibañez
    AIDS Care.2022; : 1.     CrossRef
  • MENTE X CORAÇÃO: AS DOENÇAS PSIQUICAS E AS CONSENQUÊNCIAS CARDIOVASCULARES: UMA REVISÃO DA LITERATURA
    Beatriz da Silva Araújo, Morgana Gonçalves da Silva
    Revista interdisciplinar em saúde.2021; 8(Único): 292.     CrossRef
In-Flight Transmission of Novel Influenza A (H1N1)
Joon Hyung Kim, Dong-Han Lee, Sang-Sook Shin, Chun Kang, Jin Seok Kim, Byung Yool Jun, Jong-Koo Lee
Epidemiol Health. 2010;32:e2010006.   Published online May 31, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/epih/e2010006
  • 12,527 View
  • 99 Download
  • 13 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract

The Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention confirmed two patients, who had taken the same plane from Los Angeles to Seoul, with novel influenza A (H1N1). Through contact tracing, we concluded that the second patient was infected during the flight.

Summary
Korean summary
Key Message

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • International Tourism and Infectious Disease Transmission Nexus: A Cross-Country and Regional Study
    Eliyathamby A. Selvanathan, Maneka Jayasinghe, Saroja Selvanathan
    Journal of Travel Research.2022; 61(8): 1910.     CrossRef
  • Air travel and COVID-19 prevention in the pandemic and peri-pandemic period: A narrative review
    Michel Bielecki, Dipti Patel, Jochen Hinkelbein, Matthieu Komorowski, John Kester, Shahul Ebrahim, Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales, Ziad A. Memish, Patricia Schlagenhauf
    Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease.2021; 39: 101915.     CrossRef
  • Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 during air travel: a descriptive and modelling study
    Jinjun Zhang, Fei Qin, Xinyan Qin, Jianren Li, Sijia Tian, Jing Lou, Xuqin Kang, Huixin Lian, Shengmei Niu, Wenzhong Zhang, Yuguo Chen
    Annals of Medicine.2021; 53(1): 1569.     CrossRef
  • Reprint of: Air travel and COVID-19 prevention in the pandemic and peri-pandemic period: A narrative review
    Michel Bielecki, Dipti Patel, Jochen Hinkelbein, Matthieu Komorowski, John Kester, Shahul Ebrahim, Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales, Ziad A. Memish, Patricia Schlagenhauf
    Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease.2020; 38: 101939.     CrossRef
  • The Airplane Cabin Microbiome
    Howard Weiss, Vicki Stover Hertzberg, Chris Dupont, Josh L. Espinoza, Shawn Levy, Karen Nelson, Sharon Norris
    Microbial Ecology.2019; 77(1): 87.     CrossRef
  • Transmission routes of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09: analyses of inflight outbreaks
    H. Lei, J. W. Tang, Y. Li
    Epidemiology and Infection.2018; 146(13): 1731.     CrossRef
  • Travellers and influenza: risks and prevention
    M. Goeijenbier, P. van Genderen, B. J. Ward, A. Wilder-Smith, R. Steffen, A. D. M. E. Osterhaus
    Journal of Travel Medicine.2017; 24(1): taw078.     CrossRef
  • On the 2-Row Rule for Infectious Disease Transmission on Aircraft
    Vicki Stover Hertzberg, Howard Weiss
    Annals of Global Health.2017; 82(5): 819.     CrossRef
  • The roles of transportation and transportation hubs in the propagation of influenza and coronaviruses: a systematic review
    Annie Browne, Sacha St-Onge Ahmad, Charles R. Beck, Jonathan S. Nguyen-Van-Tam
    Journal of Travel Medicine.2016;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Review Article
    Katrin Leitmeyer, Cornelia Adlhoch
    Epidemiology.2016; 27(5): 743.     CrossRef
  • International flight-related transmission of pandemic influenza A(H1N1)pdm09: an historical cohort study of the first identified cases in the United Kingdom
    Nicholas Young, Richard Pebody, Gillian Smith, Babatunde Olowokure, Giri Shankar, Katja Hoschler, Monica Galiano, Helen Green, Anders Wallensten, Angela Hogan, Isabel Oliver
    Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses.2014; 8(1): 66.     CrossRef
  • Filling Gaps on Influenza En Route and the Etiology of Influenza During a Pandemic Year
    Robert Steffen
    Journal of Travel Medicine.2012; 19(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Pandemic Influenza A(H1N1) Outbreak Among a Group of Medical Students Who Traveled to the Dominican Republic
    Anna Vilella, Beatriz Serrano, Maria A. Marcos, Anna Serradesanferm, Josep Mensa, Edward Hayes, Andres Anton, Jose Rios, Tomas Pumarola, Antoni Trilla
    Journal of Travel Medicine.2012; 19(1): 9.     CrossRef
Seroprevalence of measles and mumps antibody among preschool children in Korea, according to their vaccination history.
Jung Hwa Lee, Geun Ryang Bae, Chang Sik Park, Yoon Seok Chung, Young A Kang, Hyun Woo Han, Chun Kang
Korean J Epidemiol. 2008;30(1):34-40.   Published online June 30, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4178/kje.2008.30.1.34
  • 65,535 View
  • 35 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Abstract
PURPOSE
To maintain measles elimination status, we evaluated the seropositivity of measles and mumps according to time interval since the first or second dose of MMR in children aged 4 to 6 years, who are starting communal life. MATERIALS AND METHOD: 2,447 children aged 4 to 6 years were enrolled at 251 public health centers over the period of March to May 2007. Subjects were verified their date of MMR vaccination and then their blood was sampled for serologic test. Measles and mumps IgG antibody was tested by ELISA at Korea CDC.
RESULTS
Vaccination coverage was 99.9% in the first dose, 64.9% in the second dose regardless of gender. Seropositivity of measles and mumps was 95.7%, 85.5% in the first dose and 98.7%, 98.1% in the second dose, respectively. The seropositivity of measles was 88.1% in 6-year-olds who did not receive the second dose of MMR. As time since receipt, seropositivity of measles tended to decrease over time and was 93.3% in vaccinees over 48 months after the first dose.
CONCLUSION
A first dose MMR at 12-15 months cannot lead to herd immunity. More public information is needed to encourage second dose vaccination before admission to day-care center or kindergarten.
Summary
Korean summary
Key Message

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Universal measles-mumps-rubella vaccination to new recruits and the incidence of mumps in the military
    Jong Youn Moon, Jaehun Jung, Kyungmin Huh
    Vaccine.2017; 35(32): 3913.     CrossRef
  • Resurgence of Mumps in Korea
    Sun Hee Park
    Infection & Chemotherapy.2015; 47(1): 1.     CrossRef

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